地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (10): 1478-1485.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.10.004

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中国普通高中教育均等化及障碍因素分析

苏飞1(), 莫潇杭1, 魏敏2, 李博3   

  1. 1.浙江工商大学旅游与城乡规划学院,浙江 杭州 310018
    2. 苏州大学文学院,江苏 苏州 215123
    3.辽宁师范大学海洋经济与可持续发展研究中心,辽宁 大连116029
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-23 修回日期:2017-03-10 出版日期:2017-10-20 发布日期:2017-10-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:苏飞(1982-),男,安徽颍上人,博士,副教授,主要从事城市与区域发展研究。E-mail:suf910@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41401176,41501182)、教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目(16JJD790021)、浙江省高校人文社科重点研究基地项目(JYTyyjj20160204)资助

The Equalization of the General High School Education and Its Obstacle Factors in China

Fei Su1(), Xiaohang Mo1, Min Wei2, Bo Li3   

  1. 1.School of Tourism and City Administration, Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hangzhou 310018, Zhejiang, China
    2. School of Arts, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, Jiangsu, China
    3. Study Center of Marine Economy and Sustainable Development,Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
  • Received:2016-11-23 Revised:2017-03-10 Online:2017-10-20 Published:2017-10-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (41401176, 41501182), Key Research Base of Humanities and Social Sciences of Ministry of Education of China (16JJD790021), Key Research Base of Humanities and Social Sciences of Zhejiang Province (JYTyyjj20160204)

摘要:

以中国31个省级行政单元为研究对象,从教育背景、教育投入、教育过程和教育结果4个方面构建指标体系,采用集对分析模型测度各省份普通高中教育均等化水平,运用障碍度分析法揭示阻碍各省份普通高中教育均等化水平提升的主要因素。研究表明:从综合均等度来看,普通高中教育均等化水平较高的省份集中在环渤海地区和江浙沪地区,其中北京市最高,河南省最低。从空间格局来看,各省份普通高中教育均等化水平有显著差异,总体上呈现“东-西-中”递减趋势。分析表明,P1(高中阶段毛入学率)、S3(高级职称专任教师比例)、S2(本科学历及以上专任教师比例)、P2(学校数量/万名学生)是影响各省份普通高中教育均等化水平提升的主要因素。

关键词: 教育均等化, 普通高中, 集对分析, 障碍度, 中国

Abstract:

This article established an index system for the equalization of the general high school education from four aspects, including education background, education investment, education process, and education outcomes. The equalization of the general high school education of China’s 31 provincial level administrative units was assessed by using set-pair analysis. The results show that: from the perspective of the overall equalization degree, provinces and regions with higher education equalization are concentrate in the central Bohai area and the southeast coastal areas, in which Beijing is the highest, and Henan is the lowest. The spatial distribution of the general high school education equalization level presents a decreasing trend from east to west part then to central. According to the factor analysis of obstacle degree of each provinces’ general high school education, P1 (high school gross enrollment rate), S3 (proportion of full-time teachers with senior title), S2 (Bachelor degree and above proportion of full-time teachers), and P2 (school number/ten thousand students) are the main four obstacles to affect the level of education equalization in the general high schools in all provinces. Finally, this article puts forward some countermeasures and suggestions to improve the level of equalization of the general high school education.

Key words: education equalization, general high school, set-pair analysis, obstacle degree, China

中图分类号: 

  • F812.2