地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (10): 1486-1496.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.10.005

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中国县域市民化需求人口分布时空格局演变

闫东升1,2(), 杨槿2,3()   

  1. 1. 南京大学经济学院, 江苏 南京 210093
    2. 中国科学院流域地理学重点实验室/中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 江苏 南京210008
    3. 南京工业大学建筑学院,江苏 南京 211800
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-01 修回日期:2017-02-20 出版日期:2017-10-20 发布日期:2017-10-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:闫东升(1990-),男,河南周口人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为城市发展与区域规划。E-mail:yds1223@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41130750)资助

Temporal-spatial Pattern of Citizenization Demand Population at County Level in China

Dongsheng Yan1,2(), Jin Yang2,3()   

  1. 1. School of Economics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Watershed Geography, Nanjing Institute of Geography Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, China
    3. School of Architecture, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing 211800, Jiangsu, China
  • Received:2016-11-01 Revised:2017-02-20 Online:2017-10-20 Published:2017-10-20
  • Supported by:
    The State Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China (41130750)

摘要:

在提出基于流动人口定居意愿的市民化需求人口测度方法的基础上,采用第五、六次人口普查数据,并借助ESDA等分析方法,对中国县域流入人口及市民化需求人口的时空格局演变规律进行探析。结果表明:① 整体格局上,流入人口比重及市民化需求人口比重均表现为东西部高于中部,区域差异明显且具有较强的经济指向性。② 时空演变方面,2000~2010年,中国县域市民化需求人口时空格局发生显著变化,三大区域之间的差异有所扩大,且不同城市群之间也存在显著差异。

关键词: 城镇化, 流动人口, 市民化需求人口, 县域

Abstract:

Since the reform and opening up, the process of urbanization in our country is accelerating, however the urbanization patterns which light the quality and weight the speed as well as inperfect household registration system and financial system or the like result in the process of rapid urbanization accompanied by a significant semi-citizenship and enlargement of the gap between urban and rural areas. In order to improve the quality of urbanization ,the State Council of our country promulgates “national new urbanization planning (2014-2020)” which devotes to promoting the “people-oriented” urbanization’ in 2014.The plan pointes out building the rural areas and promoting urbanization actively and steadily, and meeting the citizenization demand for floating population. Accurately grasping the temporal-spatial pattern evolution of citizenization demand population is the basis of promoting the construction of new urbanization. Based on the existing relevant research results, this article proposes a measurement of the citizenization demand population based on inflow population’s settlement willingness. We study the distribution evolution patterns of the citizenization demand population in county according to the fifth and sixth census data as well as the ESDA method. The results show that the distribution of inflowion population and the proportion of citizenization demand people accounting for the resident population performance that the east and west are higher than the central, as well the regional differences are significant and have a strong economic directivity. Spatial distribution patterns of the citizenization demand peopulation have a significant change from 2000 to 2010, and also significant differences among the east, the central and the west as well as the urban agglomerations. This research has some theoretical significances and can provide some references for the classification and difference construction of new urbanization.

Key words: urbanization, floating population, citizenization demand people, county

中图分类号: 

  • K901.3