地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (10): 1517-1526.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.10.008

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大陆台资跨界生产网络的空间组织模式及其复杂性研究——基于大陆台商千大企业数据

陈艳华1(), 韦素琼1,2(), 陈松林1,2   

  1. 1. 福建师范大学地理科学学院,福建 福州 350007
    2.福建师范大学地理研究所,福建 福州350007
  • 收稿日期:2016-10-31 修回日期:2016-12-30 出版日期:2017-10-20 发布日期:2017-10-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:陈艳华(1982-),女,山西大同人,博士研究生,主要从事经济地理、城市总体规划研究。E-mail:1789856724@qq.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41371145)、福建省公益类优先领域重点项目(2018R1101)资助

The Spatial Organization Pattern and Its Complexity Characteristics of Cross-Border Production Networks of Taiwan-funded Enterprises in Mainland China: Based on Top 1 000 Taiwan-funded Enterprises in Mainland China

Yanhua Chen1(), Suqiong Wei1,2(), Songlin Chen1,2   

  1. 1. College of Geographical Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, Fujian, China
    2. Geographical Institute, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, Fujian, China
  • Received:2016-10-31 Revised:2016-12-30 Online:2017-10-20 Published:2017-10-20
  • Supported by:
    National Nature Sciences Foundation of China (41371145) , Public Welfare Key Projects on Priority Areas Project of Fujian (2018R1101)

摘要:

基于中华征信所数据库中大陆台商千大企业数据中1988~2014年的台资母子企业注册时间、详细地址、行业类型、主营业务等数据,运用复杂网络分析方法,采用GIS、Matlab和Gephi等技术手段,考察大陆台资跨界生产网络的空间组织模式及其复杂性拓扑结构特征。研究结果表明:1)台商千大企业的时空演进具有明显的区域差异性和行业指向性,即整体上呈“南密北疏”“东高西低”的格局,集中分布于以上海、广东、福建、重庆为代表的长三角、珠三角、海西区、西三角等地区,分别以制造业中的电子信息、机械和石化产业、以服务业中的一般批发零售业和信息传输、计算机服务与软件业等生产性服务业为主;2)大陆台资跨界生产网络的空间结构特征表现为:网络联系覆盖地域广泛;呈三轴放射状空间结构;网络联系键的空间异质性显著;3)大陆台资跨界生产网络处于随机网络向无标度网络分布的过渡期,并表现为出明显的小世界网络特征。

关键词: 企业组织联系, 空间关联网络, 网络基本要素, 复杂网络, 大陆台商千大企业

Abstract:

This article examines the spatial organization pattern and its complexity structure characteristics of cross-border production networks of Taiwan-funded enterprises in mainland China with the aid of GIS, Matlab and Gephi, based on firm-level data such as registration time, addresses, industry types, main businesses of Top 1 000 Taiwan-funded enterprises in mainland China during 1988-2014. The results show that: 1) There are obvious regional differences and industrial directivity in the spatio-temporal evolution pattern of Top 1 000 Taiwan-funded enterprises in 1988-2014, namely, “south dense north sparse” and “east high and west low” on the whole. They concentrate in the Yangtze River Delta, the Pearl River Delta, the West Sea, the West Triangle Economic zoo, respectively represented by electronic information, machinery and petrochemical industries in all the manufacturing industry and by the producer services industry such as wholesale and retail services and information transmission, computer services and software industry 2) Spatial structure features of cross-border production networks of Taiwan-funded enterprise in mainland China are showed as: a. Network contact covers a wide range; b. Network contact presents a three axis radial space structure which was taken Taipei as the core, along the Yangtze River Delta, the Pearl River Delta and the West Triangle; c. The spatial heterogeneity of the network connection keys is significant; 3) The cross-border production network of Taiwan-funded enterprises in mainland China is in transition from the random network to the scale-free one, characterized by small world network, and forms six big city communities. But there are still some shortcomings, which are also our further research direction.

Key words: enterprise organization, spatial correlation networks, basic elements of the network, complex network, top 1000 Taiwan-funded enterprises in mainland China

中图分类号: 

  • K902