地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (10): 1527-1534.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.10.009

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人海关系地域系统的构成及其研究重点探讨

刘天宝(), 韩增林, 彭飞   

  1. 辽宁师范大学海洋经济与可持续发展研究中心,辽宁 大连116029
  • 收稿日期:2016-10-25 修回日期:2016-12-20 出版日期:2017-10-20 发布日期:2017-10-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘天宝(1976-),男,河北保定人,讲师,主要从事城市地理与海洋经济地理研究。E-mail:liutb5678@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(41601114)、教育部人文社科青年基金(16YJC790080)、辽宁省社科联基金(2017LSLKTJD-041)、辽宁省教育厅基金(W201683604)资助

The Composition and Important Research Issues of Human-Ocean Regional System

Tianbao Liu(), Zenglin Han, Fei Peng   

  1. Center for Studies of Marine Economy and Sustainable Development, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
  • Received:2016-10-25 Revised:2016-12-20 Online:2017-10-20 Published:2017-10-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41601114),Humanities & Social ScienceYouth Foundation of Ministry of Education(16YJC790080),Liaoning Federation of Social Science Foundation(2017LSLKTJD-041),Liaoning Education Department Foundation(W201683604)

摘要:

在全球化和人类活动向海洋扩张的背景下,作为总体性人地关系一个组成部分的人海关系正变得日益复杂和重要,亟需对其进行基础性的理论解读,以整合和指导具体研究的展开。人海关系地域系统包括人类、海洋和陆地3个基本组成部分。其中,人类具有自然和社会2种基本属性,受人类活动影响的海洋和陆地具有自然、社会和关系3种基本属性。人类与海洋、人类与陆地和海洋与陆地之间的互动构成了人海关系地域系统中最基本的相互关系,其不同组合和演变塑造出了具体、多样的人海关系地域系统。当前人海关系地域系统的研究重点包括海洋观、海洋的开发与保护、国际海洋关系、陆海统筹和海洋社会5个方面。

关键词: 人海关系地域系统, 属性, 互动关系, 研究重点

Abstract:

As a part of general human-land relation, human-ocean relation is becoming more complicated and important, requiring basic theoretical understanding to guide specific researches in the field. Human-ocean regional system is composed of three basic parts, human, ocean and land. Human attribute includes natural and social aspects. Human participates in, affects and even dominates the development of human-ocean regional system through four types of human activities, namely safety, reproduction, gaining surplus and developing culture. Ocean and land have three kinds of attributes, natural attribute includes material resources, space and landscape; social attribute includes knowledge system, science & technology and population size; relational attribute includes political & military relation, economic & business relation and social & cultural relation. The interactions between human and ocean, human and land, ocean and land form the basic relationships in human-ocean regional system. Their different combinations and evolutions produce concrete and diverse human-ocean regional systems. According to the spatial attribute of human activities, human-ocean regional system can be divided into four types, namely local human-ocean regional system, land-open human-ocean regional system, ocean-open human-ocean regional system and total-open human-ocean regional system. At present stage, important research issues concerning human-ocean regional system include ocean view, ocean development and protection, ocean-land relation, ocean society and international ocean relationship.

Key words: human-ocean regional system, attribute, interaction relationship, important research issues

中图分类号: 

  • K901.4