地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (10): 1560-1568.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.10.013

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跨区域线性文化遗产类旅游资源价值评价——以长安-天山廊道路网中国段为例

任唤麟()   

  1. 淮北师范大学历史与社会学院, 安徽 淮北 235000; 复旦大学旅游学系, 上海 200433
  • 出版日期:2017-10-20 发布日期:2017-10-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:任唤麟(1971-),男,湖南沅江人,博士,副教授,经济师,硕士生导师,研究方向为区域旅游地理与旅游可持续发展。E-mail:965344257@qq.com

  • 基金资助:
    四川省旅发委遗产旅游重点研究基地立项课题(YCA17-01)、安徽省高校优秀中青年骨干人才国内外访学研修重点项目(gxfxZD2016096)资助

On Value Evaluation of Tourism Resource of Cross-regional Linear Cultural Heritage: Taking the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor in China as an Example

Huanlin Ren()   

  1. School of History and Sociology, Huaibei Normal University, Huaibei 235000, Anhui, China; Department of Tourism, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
  • Online:2017-10-20 Published:2017-10-20
  • Supported by:
    Project Topic of Heritage Tourism Key Research Base of Sichuan Tourism Development Commission (YCA17-01), Visiting Research (Both at Home and Abroad) Key Projects of Outstanding Young and Middle-aged Backbone Talent of Anhui Province (gxfxZD2016096)

摘要:

跨区域线性文化遗产是一类特殊的旅游资源。基于其特殊性,以其各遗产点的价值评价作为整个遗产的价值评价;借助层次分析法、菲什拜因-罗森伯格模型,通过设定评分标准与评价等级,构建跨区域线性文化遗产旅游资源价值评价模型;实证分析认为提出的方法与模型能较准确地评价资源价值,长安-天山廊道路网中国段各遗产点价值均在优良等级及以上,其中27.3%为五级(特品级)资源,59.1%为四级资源,13.6%为三级资源,在旅游开发中应采取领先开发或重点开发、分区开发及加强遗产点历史文化挖掘与宣传普及等策略。

关键词: 旅游资源, 跨区域线性文化遗产, 价值评价, 长安-天山廊道路网

Abstract:

The cross-regional linear cultural heritage is a kind of important tourism resource, as well as a special kind of tourism resource. But the whole value of the heritage tourism resource is difficult to evaluation, and hard to avoid fuzzy, so that the evaluation is lack of practical significance, because of the scattered resources, internal differences, and relatively loose connection between the heritage sites. Based on the particularity of cross-regional linear cultural heritage and the core resource meaning of its heritage sites, this article regards the value of its heritage sites as the value of the entire heritage from a certain extent. That is to say, “the Cultural Route recognizes and emphasizes the value of all of its elements as substantive parts of a whole”. The Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor Routes Network of Silk Road formed in the 2nd century BC ( Some people think that it had formed before Shang Dynasty ), and still in use to the 16th century. The Routes Network, span nearly 5 000 km, had played a very important role in business trade and cultural exchanges, and leaves a large number of cultural relics and remains. In June 2014, the heritage of the Routs Network with a total of 33 heritage sites, including 22 heritage sites in China, was included in the World Heritage List, as one of the longest linear cultural heritages in the world. Therefore, it is typical significance in exploring the value evaluation of tourism resource of cross-regional linear cultural heritage. The value evaluation of resource is the evaluation of connotation value, application value, social impact and so on from the feature, function of the resource itself and so on, not the comprehensive evaluation including resource environment and development condition. The article, with Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Fishbein M- Rosenberg M Model, builds a model, which sets the score standards and evaluation grades, for the value evaluation of tourism resource of cross-regional linear cultural heritage. The empirical analysis shows that the proposed research method and evaluation model can more accurately evaluate the resource value. The value of heritage sites of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor Routs Network in China is in good grade and above. The 5th grade resource, also known as special grade resource, accounts for 27.3% of the all resources, the 4th grade and 3rd grade resource account for 59.1% and 13.6% respectively. Those strategies, such as leading development, key project development and strengthening the historical culture mining and popularization of heritage sites, should be taken in tourism development of the Routs Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor in China.

Key words: tourism resource, cross-regional linear cultural heritage, value evaluation, Routs Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor

中图分类号: 

  • F592.99