地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (11): 1640-1648.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.11.005

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中国公路运输全要素生产率时空演化及区域竞争——基于Hicks-Moorsteen指数框架

刘宏伟1,2(), 吴杰1, 梁雯2, 方叶林2   

  1. 1. 中国科学技术大学管理学院, 安徽 合肥230026
    2. 安徽大学商学院, 安徽 合肥 230601
  • 收稿日期:2016-12-30 修回日期:2017-03-20 出版日期:2017-11-20 发布日期:2017-11-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘宏伟(1983-),男,河北保定人,博士研究生,讲师,主要研究方向为管理决策与物流规划。E-mail:lhw@ahu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(15BJY117)、国家自然科学基金(41601142)、安徽省哲学社会科学规划项目(AHSKQ2017D12)资助

Spatio-temporal Evolution and Competition Analysis of Road Transportation Productivity in China: Based on Hicks-Moorsteen Index

Hongwei Liu1,2(), Jie Wu1, Wen Liang2, Yelin Fang2   

  1. 1. The School of Management, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, China
    2. School of Business, Anhui University, Hefei 2300601, Anhui, China
  • Received:2016-12-30 Revised:2017-03-20 Online:2017-11-20 Published:2017-11-20
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China (15BJY117), National Natural Science Foundation of China (41601142), Social Science Foundation of Anhui Province (AHSKQ2017D12)

摘要:

运用Hicks-Moorsteen TFP指数法对中国公路运输业全要素生产率进行测度和演化分析。结果发现:2009~2012年中国公路全要素生产率实现了增长,2013~2015年出现下降。2009年来技术进步推动了东部地区公路运输全要素生产率的增长,而运营效率提升则在推动中西部地区公路运输全要素生产率增长时起到了关键作用。中西部地区公路运输效率增长优于东部地区。东部地区在引领技术进步的同时,应注重公路运输效率的提升;中西部地区应注意加大先进技术的引进。政府和主管部门对中西部公路运输应推出持续性支持政策。

关键词: 全要素生产率, 技术水平, 效率, Hicks-Moorsteen指数, 公路运输

Abstract:

While road constructionhas made great progress with the economic development in China, the performances of road transportation productivity in various regions are different. Enhancing the road transportation productivity could not only mask uneven conditioning of different regions, but also be in line with the requirements of economic supply-side structural reform. Therefore, under the economic new normal, it is very important to evaluate and analysis the road transportation productivity scientifically, which could be references for decision making. In order to achieve that goal, on the basis of the non-parametric Hicks-Moorsteen total factor productivity (TFP) index model, the road transportation industry TFP in mainland China from 2008 to 2015 is measured and analyzed. Then the road transportation industry TFP is decomposed into in technology progress and change in efficiency, and the latter could be further decomposed into pure technology efficiency, scale efficiency and mixed efficiency. The findings demonstrate that: the annual average TFP of road transportation industry in China shows a 0.77% decrease along with the technology level regression and operation efficiency increase during the period. In detail, while the TFP of road transportation industry in China from 2009 to 2012 increased, which was influenced by police made by government such as “Four Trillion Yuan RMB investment”, the TFP of road transportation industry in China decreased from 2013 to 2015, which was influenced by the economic environment. As to administrative regions, in eastern region, the technical efficiency progression and the TFP index number of road transportation are the best, and the technical efficiency progression is the main factor to drive TFP growth; In central region, while the TFP of road transportation decreased and its technology level regressed also, the operation efficiency of road transportation industry had an average annual increase of 6.89%, which is higher than other regions; In western region, while the TFP of road transportation and the technology level regressed obviously, the operation efficiency had an average annual increase of 6.31%. Compared to eastern region, the outputs mixed efficiency in central and western regions grow faster, which means that the transportation harmony of road passengers and cargos is better than that in eastern region. It demonstrates that the polices of “rise of the central region strategy” and “large-scale development in west China” played an important role on road transportation industry TFP growth. The technology level in central and western regions regressed in recent years, which are still lagging behind. It is worth noting that no matter in eastern region, in central region, or in western region, the scale efficiency underperformed. Finally, suggestions to improve the efficiencies and index numbers are given, which will be different in various regions. As to the road transportation industry in eastern region, the government or the department in charge should improve the utilization of advanced technique. As to the road transportation industry in central and western regions, the most important is improve the technique. At the same time, the government should make police to encourage the eastern region to help central and western region develop.

Key words: total factor productivity, technology, efficiency, Hicks-Moorsteen Index, road transportation

中图分类号: 

  • F542