地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (12): 1795-1804.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.12.002

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东北三省人口流失的测算及演化格局研究

戚伟(), 刘盛和(), 金凤君   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所/区域可持续发展分析与模拟实验室,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2017-01-23 修回日期:2017-05-09 出版日期:2017-12-20 发布日期:2017-12-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:戚伟(1989-),男,江苏泰州人,助理研究员,博士,主要从事城市地理与人口地理研究。E-mail:qiwei@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学重点基金项目(71433008);国家自然科学基金项目(41771180);中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所科技计划项目(Y6V60215YZ) 资助

Calculation and Spatial Evolution of Population Loss in Northeast China

Wei Qi(), Shenghe Liu(), Fengjun Jin   

  1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2017-01-23 Revised:2017-05-09 Online:2017-12-20 Published:2017-12-20
  • Supported by:
    Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China(71433008);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771180);Scientific & Technology Project of Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS(Y6V60215YZ).

摘要:

东北三省养育了全国8%的人口,但是改革开放以来人口不断外迁和流出,东北三省人口流失问题受到广泛关注。基于2000年以来的人口普查和抽样统计资料,系统地测算东北三省人口流失量,从省级和县市2个空间尺度分析东北三省人口流失的演化格局。主要结论包括: 2000~2015年,东北三省人口出现持续流失,并且不断加剧。东北三省并不是中国人口流失最严重的地区。东北三省内部出现较多人口流失的县市,空间范围呈现扩张。经济动能不足是东北三省人口流失的主要原因。东北三省人口发展的真正问题不在数量,而在人口质量和结构,包括人才流失严重、人口老龄化加剧、人口空间结构高度极化等。

关键词: 东北三省, 人口流失, 测算, 演化格局, 人口迁移

Abstract:

Northeast China (Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang) occupies 8% of total population in China. However, since the opening up and reforming, frequent population out-migration was on-going in Northeast China. The topic about population loss in Northeast China attracts more and more attentions. According to the census and sampling data after 2000, this research calculates the loss population in Northeast China. Based on the provincial scale and county-level scale data, the spatial pattern evolution of population loss is also figured out. The results are as follows. 1) Northeast China faced a continuous population loss during 2000-2015. And population loss in recent years has aggravated. 2) Northeast China is not the most serious population-losing region in China. 3) Most of counties or cities faced population loss in Northeast China. And population loss area in Northeast China was expanding. 4) The inactive economy development was the key affecting factor for the population loss in Northeast China. 5) The key issues that caused by population loss in Northeast China were population quality and demographic structure, such as brain drain, population aging, and population spatial polarization.This research aims to give some policy implications to the new round development in Northeast China.

Key words: population loss, Northeast China, calculation, spatial evolution, population migration

中图分类号: 

  • K901.3