地理科学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (12): 1805-1814.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2017.12.003

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低碳约束下中国物流业效率的空间演化及影响因素

刘承良1,2(), 管明明1   

  1. 1.华东师范大学城市与区域科学学院,上海 200241
    2.华东师范大学全球创新与发展研究院,上海200062
  • 收稿日期:2016-12-16 修回日期:2017-03-20 出版日期:2017-12-20 发布日期:2017-12-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘承良(1979-),男,副教授,博士,硕士生导师,主要从事经济地理复杂性研究。E-mail:clliu@re.ecnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571123)资助

Spatial Evolution of Chinese Logistics Industry Efficiency Under Low Carbon Constraints and It’s Influencing Factors

Chengliang Liu1,2(), Mingming Guan1   

  1. 1. School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241,China
    2. Institute for Global Innovation and Development, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062,China
  • Received:2016-12-16 Revised:2017-03-20 Online:2017-12-20 Published:2017-12-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China ( 41571123).

摘要:

以交通运输、仓储和邮政业表征物流业,引入SBM-Undesirable模型,考虑低碳约束下的物流效率,对中国(除港澳台和西藏)的30个省(市、自治区)2003~2014年物流业效率进行测度,基于格局-过程-机理框架系统揭示了低碳约束下物流业效率的空间演化特征及其影响因素:低碳约束下物流业效率总体偏低,空间分异呈现出东部>中部>西部的地带性分异态势。空间分布具有一定地方依赖性,效率高值区集中于东部沿海,呈现由“大集中、小分散”向“条带状集聚”变化的特征,而低值区高度锁定于西北和西南半壁。空间集聚性较弱,不断趋于收敛,高效率集聚区表现出“北扩西移”的演化趋势。物流业高效率区与高产值区呈现显著的空间同配性。 物流业效率的空间演化受多种因素综合作用,经济发展、市场环境、产业集聚、信息化水平、政府调控对物流业效率具有显著的正向影响,能源强度则具有负向影响,而对外开放程度、环境规制对物流业效率的提升作用不明显,研究结果可为区域物流协调发展、提高物流业效率提供参考。

关键词: 低碳约束, 物流业效率, 空间演变, 影响因素, SBM-Undesirable模型, 空间计量

Abstract:

This paper selects transportation, storage and postal industries to represent logistics, taking the carbon dioxide emissions as unexpected outputs, introducing the SBM-Undesirable model to measure the logistics industry efficiency of 30 provinces which are restricted by the low carbon (province-level municipality or autonomous regions) in mainland China in 2003-2014. Based on the pattern- process- mechanism framework system, this paper reveals the spatial evolution characteristics of logistics efficiency and its influencing factors: Under low carbon constraints, Chinese logistics industry efficiency in general is low, and the spatial distribution varies from zone to zone, characterized as the trend of the East > Central > West. Spatial distribution has some path dependency as those with high efficiency concentrate in the eastern coastal areas, which is represented by the evolution from "large agglomeration, small dispersion" to "banded cluster ", While the low efficiency areas focus on the northwest and southwest. The space agglomeration of efficiency is comparatively low, tending to be equilibrium, while the high-efficiency zones are likely to move west and north. There presents a significant spatial matching between the high-efficiency logistics industry and high-output industry. The spatial evolution of logistics efficiency is affected by various factors, among which, the economic development, market environment, industrial agglomeration, informationization level and governmental regulation have a significant positive impact on logistics efficiency, while energy intensity has negative influence. By contrast, the level of opening-up and environmental regulation show no obvious effect on increasing the efficiency of logistics industry. All of these can provide reference for regional logistics coordinated development and improve logistics efficiency.

Key words: low carbon constraints, logistics efficiency, spatial evolution, influencing factors, SBM model, spatial econometric model

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9