地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (1): 87-96.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.01.010

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跨江发展下杭州市企业迁移空间模式及影响机制

李俊峰(), 陶世杰, 高凌宇   

  1. 安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院,安徽 芜湖 241003
  • 收稿日期:2017-07-09 修回日期:2017-10-28 出版日期:2018-01-10 发布日期:2018-01-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李俊峰(1974-),男,安徽庐江人,博士,副教授,主要研究领域为城市地理和城市规划。E-mail:ljf2009@mail.ahnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671164)资助

The Space Model and the Influenc Mechanism of Enterprise Migration Under River-crossing Development in Hangzhou

Junfeng Li(), Shijie Tao, Lingyu Gao   

  1. College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241003, Anhui, China
  • Received:2017-07-09 Revised:2017-10-28 Online:2018-01-10 Published:2018-01-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41671164)

摘要:

基于企业微观主体视角,运用UCINET社会网络分析和ROST内容分析法,对杭州市企业迁移的空间模式和区位选择进行探讨,并揭示其影响机制。研究表明:杭州市企业迁移分为平缓波动期、低速增长期、大规模迁移期、迁移成熟期4个阶段,与杭州市跨江发展历程基本相契合。杭州市企业总体迁出呈中心-外围衰减分散布局模式,迁出地点主要集中于西湖区、下城区及拱墅区,迁出企业主要为制造业,批发零售业等;总体迁入呈中心、外围集聚模式,迁入地主集中于西湖区、余杭区及滨江区,迁入企业主要为信息技术服务业、科学研究和技术服务业。企业的自身属性与外部环境对杭州市企业迁移有着重要影响,企业异质性在很大程度上决定着企业迁移的方向;跨江发展战略中的政府推动、市场运作、企业参与、文化根植等外部因素对企业迁移的空间选择有着极其重要的作用。

关键词: 跨江发展, 企业迁移, UCINET社会网络, ROST, 杭州市

Abstract:

Based on the enterprise’s microcosmic perspective, the paper discussed the spatial pattern and location selection of Hangzhou enterprise migration by using UCINET social network analysis and ROST content analytical method, and revealed its influence mechanism. The research shows that: 1) Hangzhou enterprise migration can be divided into: gently fluctuating period, slow growth period, mass migration period and migration mature period, which are basically consistent with the river-crossing development history in Hangzhou. 2) The general migration of enterprises in Hangzhou has been presented in a dispersed layout of decentralized attenuation. The enterprises in the manufacturing industry and wholesale and retail industry have been mainly moved from the West Lake district, the Xiacheng district and Gongshu district. While the overall immigration has been presented in a central and peripheral agglomeration pattern. The enterprises in the scientific research and technical service industry have been mainly moved in the West Lake district,Yuhang district and Binjiang district. Enterprise migrations in various industries have their own features, forming migration patterns with their own uniqueness. 3) The enterprise's own attributes and external environment have important influences on migration of enterprises in Hangzhou. The enterprise heterogeneity largely determines the direction of enterprise migration. The planning and control, market operation, enterprise participation and cultural root in the river-crossing development strategy have been directly affected spatial selection for enterprise migration, further promoting enterprise migration. The research not only lays a foundation for revealing the process and mechanism of spatial reconstruction for urban development spanning the river, but also provides scientific references for the formulation of urban planning and other related policies.

Key words: river-crossing development, enterprise migration, UCINET social network, ROST, Hangzhou City

中图分类号: 

  • F293.3