地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (1): 114-121.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.01.013

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东北地区人口结构与经济发展耦合关系研究

于婷婷1(), 宋玉祥1(), 阿荣1, 浩飞龙1, 朱邦耀1,2   

  1. 1.东北师范大学地理科学学院, 吉林 长春 130024
    2.吉林师范大学旅游与地理科学学院, 吉林 四平 136000
  • 收稿日期:2017-01-20 修回日期:2017-04-23 出版日期:2018-01-10 发布日期:2018-01-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:于婷婷(1985-),女,吉林长春人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为区域经济协调发展。E-mail:yutt931@nenu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41630749)资助

The Coupling Relationship Between Population Structure and Economic Development in Northeast China

Tingting Yu1(), Yuxiang Song1(), Rong A1, Feilong Hao1, Bangyao Zhu1,2   

  1. 1.School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, Jilin, China
    2.Department of Tourism and Geography, Jilin Normal University, Siping 136000, Jilin, China
  • Received:2017-01-20 Revised:2017-04-23 Online:2018-01-10 Published:2018-01-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41630749)

摘要:

以东北地区34个地级市为研究对象,利用灰色关联模型和耦合度模型,对东北地区人口结构与经济发展的耦合关系进行分析,结果表明: 人口结构与经济发展整体处于中高等关联水平,人口文化素质和城市化水平对东北地区经济发展的驱动作用明显; 自2000年以来,东北地区人口结构与经济发展耦合关系整体经历了波动上升、平稳下降、缓慢上升的过程; 人口结构与经济发展相互影响、相互制约,在经济发展的不同阶段,经济发展与人口结构均处于协调发展状态,但是协调水平高低不同;各省人口结构与经济发展耦合度变化差异较大,辽宁省两系统的耦合度呈现出与整个东北地区大致相同的变化趋势。

关键词: 人口结构, 经济发展, 关联度, 耦合关系, 东北地区

Abstract:

As the important old industrial base in China, the Northeast China facing the pressure of economic downturn and seriously population problem. Researching the coupling relationship between population structure and economic development is significant for making the population and economic policy. This article measured the correlation degree and coupling degree of Northeast China, and then analyzed the temporal and spatial evolution and exploring the relationship characteristics of the two systems by using the grey relationship analysis. The results show that: 1) The population structure and economic development in the upper elementary level. The population cultural quality and urbanization drive the economic development obviously in Northeast China; 2) During the fifteen years, the population structure and economic development experienced the fluctuant rising -fallen fairly-rising slowly. 3) Population structure and economic development affect and interact each other, and the two systems in the stage of coordinate in various economic development phases. The rationalization of the population structure will be higher when the economy developed well, at the meanwhile, the rational population structure will drive the economic development, which makes the two systems at the coordinate condition. And if not, population structure and economic development will in the state of lower coordination. 4) The coupling relation of population structure and economic development in Liaoning Province is the mainly cause of the Northeast China.

Key words: population structure, economic development, relational degree, coupling relationship, Northeast China

中图分类号: 

  • F127