地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (2): 249-257.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.02.011

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中国游艇俱乐部区位特征研究

姚云浩1(), 栾维新2   

  1. 1.大连海事大学公共管理与人文艺术学院, 辽宁 大连 116026
    2 .大连海事大学航运经济与管理学院, 辽宁 大连 116026
  • 收稿日期:2017-02-23 修回日期:2017-07-12 出版日期:2018-04-10 发布日期:2018-04-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:姚云浩(1988-),女,四川广元人,讲师,博士后,主要从事海洋旅游研究。E-mail:yunhaoyao@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    中国博士后科学基金项目(2016M601292)、中央高校基本科研业务费项目(3132016098)、大连海事大学“十三五”重点科研创新团队项目(3132016365)资助

The Location of Chinese Yacht Clubs

Yunhao Yao1(), Weixin Luan2   

  1. 1.College of Public Administration & Humanities, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, Liaoning ,China;
    2.College of Maritime Economic & Management, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, Liaoning, China;
  • Received:2017-02-23 Revised:2017-07-12 Online:2018-04-10 Published:2018-04-10
  • Supported by:
    China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2016M601292), Basic Scientific Research Expenses of the Central Universities (3132016098), Scientific Research Innovation Team Project During the 13th Five-Year Plan Period in Dalian Maritime University (3132016365)

摘要:

通过对中国游艇俱乐部相关数据的收集与分析,探讨游艇俱乐部的区域宏观区位特征和城市微观区位特征,并揭示出区位特征的核心影响因素。主要结论为:中国的游艇俱乐部主要集中在三大经济区,其中广东、海南、山东、上海和浙江等地的游艇俱乐部综合能力较强。中心城区和近郊区是游艇俱乐部的主要聚集地,纯游艇俱乐部和地产型游艇俱乐部为主要载体,有泊位的与无泊位的俱乐部在区位上高度重合。影响游艇俱乐部区位的因素既包括区域自然资源环境、经济水平、旅游业发展、上游游艇制造业,也包括游艇产业相关政策及区域海洋文化等因素。

关键词: 游艇俱乐部, 区位特征, 游艇俱乐部综合能力, 中国

Abstract:

As a result of economic development, yachting is gradually known and accepted by ordinary people in China. Through analyzing related data of Chinese yacht clubs, the article reveals the macro and micro location characteristics of these clubs, and explains the location factors system. The result shows that: 1) Yacht clubs mainly concentrated in 3 major coastal economic zones, including the Yangtze River Delta, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region, the Pearl River Delta, particularly in coastal cities of Guangdong, Hainan, Shandong, Shanghai and Zhejiang provinces. 2) Downtown and suburban areas accommodate a large number of yacht clubs. Pure and tourism yacht clubs are domain, while real estate yacht clubs rank behind. Yacht clubs with berth or not on the location have a high coincidence. 3) The location factors of yacht clubs include natural and geographical environment, regional economic development, tourism development, yacht manufacturing enterprises, yacht industry policy and regional marine culture, etc. Besides, regional ultra high net wealth population would be beneficial to developing yacht clubs. 4) Different regions differ greatly of Chinese yacht clubs, and the development of yacht economics needs to adapt to the regional ecological environment and socio-economic conditions. The yacht economy of the Yangtze River Delta started earlier, which can make full use of its urban agglomeration economy, the advantages of wealthy people to create international yacht tourist destinations. The coastal regions of the Bohai Sea, like Qingdao, Dalian, Tianjin and other cities could rely on their geographical and yacht manufacturing advantages, further to improving industry characteristics, breaking the system constraints, playing the leading role of yacht tourism in northern coastal areas. Yacht clubs of the Pearl River Delta are leading the country in making innovations in systems and mechanisms, which can utilize its suitable marine climate conditions and abundant tourism resources to develop the coastal tourism resort and pull the yacht economy growth. In the future, we can study on the internal dynamic mechanism of location selection of yacht clubs, yacht industry and its agglomeration effects, consumer psychology and behavior features of participating in the activities of the yacht club, etc., so as to enrich the tourism geography theories, promote healthy development of the emerging yacht economy in China.

Key words: yacht clubs, location characteristics, yacht clubs comprehensive ability, China

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9