地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (5): 662-671.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.05.003

• • 上一篇    下一篇

哈大巨型城市带空间开发-经济发展-环境演变的耦合分异机制

刘艳军(), 刘德刚, 付占辉, 于会胜, 祝丽媛   

  1. 东北师范大学地理科学学院,吉林 长春 130024
  • 收稿日期:2017-05-17 修回日期:2017-08-20 出版日期:2018-05-10 发布日期:2018-05-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘艳军(1981-),男,吉林镇赉人,博士,副教授,主要从事城市地理、城市与区域发展研究。E-mail:liuyj323@nenu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目(14YJA790035)、国家自然科学基金项目(41771172,41001099)资助

The Differentiation Mechanism of Coupling Degree Among Space Exploitation, Economy Development and Environment Evolution in Harbin-Dalian Giant Urban Belt

Yanjun Liu(), Degang Liu, Zhanhui Fu, Huisheng Yu, Liyuan Zhu   

  1. School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, Jilin, China
  • Received:2017-05-17 Revised:2017-08-20 Online:2018-05-10 Published:2018-05-10
  • Supported by:
    Funding Project of Education of Ministry for the Development of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences(14YJA790035), National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771172,41001099)

摘要:

通过构建空间开发、经济发展、资源环境水平的评价指标体系,引入耦合度概念,并应用变异系数、趋势面分析、回归分析等定量模型研究2000~2014年哈大巨型城市带空间开发-经济发展-环境演变的耦合分异特征及其影响机制,主要得到以下结论:① 2000年以来哈大巨型城市带各城市空间开发-经济发展-环境演变的耦合度均处在不同程度失调状态,且整体表现为“西高东低-南高北低”的空间格局,但耦合度水平总体趋于上升。哈长次区域和辽中南次区域以及哈大巨型城市带整体的耦合度波动性均先升高后下降,总体趋势不断向好;② 政府投入强度是2000年影响哈大巨型城市带各城市耦合度差异的重要作用因素,资本投入强度与科技投入规模是2007年、2014年2个阶段的主导影响因素,且城市发展能级差异与2007年各城市间的耦合度差异表现出一致性;③ 在政府投入强度、科技投入规模、资本投入强度等因素的共同作用下,哈长次区域空间开发-经济发展-环境演变的耦合程度出现空间分异。辽中南次区域耦合度分异的影响因素由人力资本效率和行政等级逐渐演变为以资本投入强度主导。

关键词: 空间开发, 经济发展, 环境演变, 耦合分异机制, 哈大巨型城市带

Abstract:

In order to reveal the coupling relationships among space exploitation, economy development and environment evolution, we introduce the concept of coupling degree and build the evaluation index system which includes 36 indicators embodying these three aspects. By using variable coefficient method, trend surface model and multiple regression model, we analyze the characteristics and mechanism of the differentiation of coupling degrees among space exploitation, economy development, environment evolution in Harbin-Dalian Giant Urban Belt during 2000-2014. The results show that: 1) The coupling degrees of space exploitation, economy development and environment evolution have demonstrated different levels of imbalance since 2000, and the degrees in west area are higher than those in east area. Even so, the coupling degrees are overall rising. The coupling degrees in Harbin-Changchun sub-district, the central and southern Liaoning Province sub-district and Harbin-Dalian Giant Urban Belt rose at the beginning, then reduced, which shows a good trend on the whole. 2) Government investment had a significant effect on the differentiation of coupling degree in Harbin-Dalian Giant Urban Belt in 2000. Science and technology input intensity and capital input intensity are the leading factors in 2007 and 2014. The differences of urban development energy level and coupling degree among cities were consistent in 2007. 3) Under the influence of science and technology input, government input and capital input, in Harbin-Changchun sub-district, the coupling degrees among space exploitation, economy development and environment evolution show significant differences, but in central and southern Liaoning Province sub-district, the influencing factors of differentiations of coupling degree changed gradually from human capital efficiency and administrative rank to capital input intensity.

Key words: space exploitation, economy development, environment evolution, differentiation mechanism of coupling degree, Harbin-Dalian Giant Urban Belt

中图分类号: 

  • F207