地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (5): 691-698.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.05.006

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宁波市港口物流企业空间格局及区位选择

王瑞(), 蒋天颖, 王帅()   

  1. 宁波财经学院金融贸易学院,浙江 宁波 315175
  • 收稿日期:2017-06-20 修回日期:2018-04-15 出版日期:2018-05-10 发布日期:2018-05-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王瑞(1978-),男,浙江宁波人,博士,教授,主要从事区域经济、国际贸易地理研究。E-mail: everrui@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(71372001)、教育部人文社会科学研究一般项目(17YJCZH176)、浙江省自然科学基金一般项目(LY18D010006)、浙江省哲社规划重点课题(17NDJC009Z)、宁波市软科学课题(2014A10084)资助

Spatial Pattern and Location Selection of Port Logistics Enterprises in Ningbo

Rui Wang(), Tianying Jiang, Shuai Wang()   

  1. School of Finance & Trade, Ningbo University of Finance and Economics, Ningbo 315175, Zhejiang, China
  • Received:2017-06-20 Revised:2018-04-15 Online:2018-05-10 Published:2018-05-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (71372001), Ministry of Education Project of Humanities and Social Sciences (17YJCZH176), Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province of China (LY18D010006), Zhejiang Federation Social Science Major Foundation (17NDJC009Z), Ningbo Soft Science Project (2014A10084)

摘要:

以宁波市为例,基于港口物流企业空间数据,运用冷热点分析和泊松回归等方法,研究宁波市港口物流企业空间分布特征及影响因素。结果发现:① 宁波市港口物流企业呈现向心集聚性,圈层分布格局明显。中心商务区和临港工业区是集聚热点区域;②港口物流企业集聚特征明显但整体集聚程度下降,表现出在中心商务区和临港工业区持续集聚和沿主干道路向外围区域蔓延扩散两大趋势;③不同类型港口物流企业的区位选择有明显差异:货代型物流企业主要分布在中心商务区,仓储型物流企业主要临港分布,运输型企业选择临近沿交通干道布局,综合型物流企业的分布没有明显的区位倾向;④ 政策因素、土地价格、城乡差异、临近港口、经济潜力和工业结构都不同程度地影响港口物流企业的空间分布,而交通便利没有表现出相关性。

关键词: 港口物流企业, 空间格局, 区位选择, 宁波市

Abstract:

With the rapid development of the modern logistics industry dominated by the port logistics in China's coastal cities, researches on the characteristics of spatial distribution and laws of evolution of the port logistics companies inside cities are beginning to appear. However, the existing research has not further studied the factors affecting the location selection of the port logistics companies. In this article, based on the data of location information of Ningbo port logistics companies, the characteristics of spatial distribution and factors that affect the location selection of the port logistics companies are analyzed. The differences of the locational characteristics between the different types of port logistics companies are identified. It enriches the case studies of the locational analysis of the port logistics companies in the coastal cities. Taking Ningbo as an example, this article employed the Kernel Density Estimation, Getis-ord Gi analysis and Poisson regression models to analyze data, and the results showed that: 1) The port logistics companies in Ningbo show centripetal concentration, and the spatial distribution of enterprises presents a tendency to decrease from the central city, the periphery to the suburbs, and the distribution pattern of the circle is obvious. Central business district and port industrial area are the popular areas for port logistics enterprises to gather. 2) At present, port logistics enterprises have obvious agglomeration characteristics, but the overall agglomeration degree is decreasing. At the same time, there are two trends, which are centralization and diffusion of central business district and port industrial area. 3) It is found that there are obvious differences in location choice of different types of port logistics companies: a) The freight forwarder logistics companies are mainly distributed in the central business area; b) The logistics business companies of warehouse are mainly distributed in port; c) The transportation logistics companies often choose the layout along the main road, because they mainly undertake land container transportation, the locational selection has traffic dependency; d) Compared with the other three types, the distribution of integrated logistics companies has no obvious locational tendencies. 4) Regarding the factors affecting the spatial distribution of Ningbo port logistics companies, the research shows that the policy factors, the price of land, the differences between urban and rural areas, the distance from the port, the economic potential of the region and its industrial structure all affect the spatial distribution of port logistics enterprises in varying degrees. However, there is no correlation with traffic convenience, and the main reason is that the road network construction in Ningbo is relatively perfect. At the same time, the article put forward the corresponding measures from three different aspects: first, strengthening top-level design in logistics industry; second, exploiting the regional advantages to form a park that integrates port logistics and port industry advantages;third, optimizing the infrastructure such as the traffic network deeply.

Key words: port logistics enterprises, spatial pattern, location selection, Ningbo

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9