Please wait a minute...
 首页  期刊介绍 期刊订阅 广告合作 联系我们 English
旧版网站  
 
优先出版  |  当期目录  |  过刊浏览  |  热点文章  |  阅读排行  |  下载排行  |  引用排行
地理科学    2018, Vol. 38 Issue (5): 717-726     DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.05.009
  本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
2005~2014年中国农村水贫困与农业现代化的时空耦合研究
赵雪雁1(),高志玉1,马艳艳1,陈欢欢1,薛冰2
1.西北师范大学地理与环境科学学院, 甘肃 兰州 730070
2.中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所, 辽宁 沈阳110016
Spatio-temporal Coupling Between Rural Water Poverty and Agricultural Modernization in China from 2005 to 2014
Xueyan Zhao1(),Zhiyu Gao1,Yanyan Ma1,Huanhuan Chen1,Bing Xue2
1.College of Geography and Environmental Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, Gansu, China
2. Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, Liaoning, China
全文: PDF (1559 KB)   HTML
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)     
摘要 

水贫困与农业现代化问题是影响国家安全与经济发展的两大重要问题,研究二者的耦合关系有助于促进中国资源环境与经济可持续发展。以中国30个省(市、自治区)为研究单元(不含西藏和港澳台),建立农村水贫困和农业现代化水平评价指标体系,采用耦合协调度模型,评估农村水贫困与农业现代化的耦合协调性,并利用空间自相关方法分析2005~2014年农村水贫困、农业现代化及二者耦合协调关系的时空变化。研究结果表明:① 2005~2014年中国农村水贫困程度降低14.68%,西部降幅高于东、中部,且农村水贫困程度一直保持“中-西-东”递减态势;② 农业现代化水平提高5.50%,西部地区增幅高达26.88%,但始终保持着“东-中-西”阶梯式递减态势;③ 农村水贫困与农业现代化水平协调度的区域差异趋于减小,基尼系数降低31.62%,但协调度一直保持着“东-中-西”阶梯式递减趋势;④ 农村水贫困与农业现代化水平协调度的冷点区呈收缩态势,热点区呈扩张态势。最后,提出了降低农村水贫困、提高农业现代化水平及二者协调性的建议。

服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
赵雪雁
高志玉
马艳艳
陈欢欢
薛冰
关键词 农村水贫困农业现代化时空耦合耦合协调度模型中国 
Abstract

Water Poverty and Agricultural Modernization are two important issues that affects Chinese security and economic development. Studying the coupling relationship between them contributes to promoting the sustainable development of resources environment and economy. The paper selected 30 provincial areas of China including autonomous regions as the research unit. Firstly, the water poverty and agricultural modernization’s evaluation index system was set up, the poverty model and the agricultural modernization index were used to calculate the poverty value and agricultural modernization value of each province, and the time series map was established respectively. Then, the spatial distribution of the two was carried out by ArcGIS. Finally, using the coupling coordination model and the coupled coordination Gini coefficient analyze rural water poverty and agricultural modernization coupling coordination and regional differences, as well as using spatial antocorrelation to analyze the spatio-temporal relationship of rural water poverty, agricultural modernization and coupling coordination from 2005 to 2014. The results are obtained as follows: ① The degree of rural water poverty in China decreases by 14.68%.The reason for the decline is mainly the implementation of the 10th Five-year Plan. The central water conservancy work attached great importance to solving the water problem in an important position and made a series of major arrangements and water conservancy investments to maintain a high level. But the degree of water poverty fluctuated in that period due to natural disasters of some areas such as rare historical rainfall, typhoons and droughts. The decreasing amplitude in eastern and western China is smaller than that in central China, maintaining the decreasing tendency of “central-west-east”. The degree of rural water poverty in China was positive spatial autocorrelation within a decade. ② Agricultural modernization level slowly increases by 5.5%. The eastern provinces of the agricultural modernization level are kept above the national average, while the central and western regions are kept below the national average. Although the western China increases by 26.88%, the degree of rural water poverty continues the decreasing trend of “east-central-west”.③ The coordination degree of rural water poverty and agricultural modernization are fluctuating, indicating that the corresponding spatial scale keeps the rising trend. In recent years, the increase of coordination degree is 8.03 %.The regional differences of coordination degree between water poverty and agricultural modernization level tend to decline and the Gini index increases by 31.62%. The index in the western region is much higher than eastern region, but the coordination degree has maintained the increasing tendency of “east-central-west”. ④ The “cold-spot” areas of the coordination degree between water poverty and agricultural modernization level shows the contraction tendency while “hot-spot” areas shows the expansion tendency. Finally, this paper makes suggestions how to reduce the rural water poverty, improve the level of agricultural modernization and coordinate them.

Key wordsrural water poverty    agricultural modernization    spatio-temporal coupling    coupling coordination model    China
收稿日期: 2017-05-10      出版日期: 2018-07-05
基金资助:中国科学院A类战略性先导科技专项(XDA19040502)、国家自然科学基金项目(41661115)、中国科学院内陆河流域生态水文重点实验室开放基金(KLEIRB-2S-16-03)资助
引用本文:   
赵雪雁, 高志玉, 马艳艳等 . 2005~2014年中国农村水贫困与农业现代化的时空耦合研究[J]. 地理科学, 2018, 38(5): 717-726.
Xueyan Zhao, Zhiyu Gao, Yanyan Ma et al . Spatio-temporal Coupling Between Rural Water Poverty and Agricultural Modernization in China from 2005 to 2014[J]. SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA, 2018, 38(5): 717-726.
链接本文:  
http://geoscien.neigae.ac.cn/CN/10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.05.009      或      http://geoscien.neigae.ac.cn/CN/Y2018/V38/I5/717
Fig.1  2005~2014年中国农村水贫困指数变化趋势
Fig.2  中国农村水贫困的空间分布
Fig.3  中国农村水贫困的时空格局
Fig.4  2005~2014年中国农业现代化水平变化趋势
Fig.5  中国农业现代化水平的空间分布
Fig.6  中国农业现代化水平的时空格局
Fig.7  水贫困与农业现代化水平协调度变化趋势
Fig.8  水贫困与农业现代化水平协调度的区域差异
Fig.9  农村水贫困与农业现代化水平协调度的空间分布
Fig.10  中国农村水贫困与农业现代化水平协调度的时空格局
[1] Oki T, Kanae S.Global hydrological cycles and world water resources[J]. Science,2006,313(5790):1068-1072.
DOI: 10.1126/science.1128845      PMID: 16931749     
[2] 葛晨. 水资源管理不该碎片化联合国呼吁改善管理方式[N/oL].解放日报, 2012-3-15. .
[Ge Chen.Water management should not defragment the United Nations to call for better management. .]
[3] Heidecke C.Development and evaluation of a regional water poverty index for Benin[R]. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Environment and Production Technology Division,2006,34-35.
[4] Fitch M, Price H.Water poverty in England and Wales[R].Centre for Utility Consumer Law and Chartered Institute of Environmental Health,2002,30(7),1195-1211.
[5] Sullivan Caroline.The water poverty index: Development and application at the community scale[J]. Natural Resources Forum, 2003,27(3): 189-199.
[6] Pan A, Bosch D, Ma H.Assessing water poverty in China using holistic and dynamic principal component analysis[J]. Social Indicators Research, 2015, 130:1-25.
[7] Garriga R G, Foguet A P.Improved method to calculate a water poverty index at local scale[J]. Journal of Environmental Engineering, 2010,136(11):1287-1298.
[8] Manandhar S, Pandey V P, Kazama F.Application of Water Poverty Index (WPI) in Nepalese Context: A case study of Kali Gandaki River Basin (KGRB)[J]. Water Resources Management, 2012,26(1):89-107.
[9] Wilk J, Jonsson A C.From water poverty to water prosperity—A more participatory approach to studying local water resources management[J].Water Resources Management, 2013,27(3):695-713.
[10] 何栋材, 徐中民, 王广玉. 水贫困测量及应用的国际研究进展[J]. 干旱区地理,2009,32(2):296-303.
[He Dongcai, Xu Zhongmin, Wang Guangyu.Progresses in the international research on water poverty measure and application. Arid Land Geography,2009,32(2):296-303.]
[11] 曹茜, 刘锐. 基于WPI模型的赣江流域水资源贫困评价[J]. 资源科学, 2012,34(7):1306-1311.
[Cao Qian, Liu Rui.Assessment of water poverty in Ganjiang basin based on WPI model. Resources Science,2012, 34(7):1306-1311.]
[12] 孙才志, 王雪妮. 基于WPI-ESDA模型的中国水贫困评价及空间关联格局分析[J]. 资源科学,2011,33(6):1072-1082.
[Sun Caizhi, Wang Xueni.Research on the assessment and spatial correlation pattern of water poverty in China based on WPI-ESDA model. Resource Science,2011,33(6):1072-1082.]
[13] 王雪妮, 孙才志, 邹玮.中国水贫困与经济贫困空间耦合关系研究[J]. 中国软科学,2011(12):180-192. [Wang Xueni, Sun Caizhi, Zou Wei. Coupling relation analysis between water poverty and economic poverty in China. China Soft Science, 2011(12):180-192.]
[14] 黄庆华, 姜松, 吴卫红,.发达国家农业现代化模式选择对重庆的启示——来自美日法三国的经验比较[J]. 农业经济问题, 2013(4):102-109.
[Huang Qinghua,Jiang Song, Wu Weihong et al. The enlightenment of the choice of agricultural modernization mode in developed countries to Chongqing: The comparison of experience from the United States, Japan and France. Agricultural Economic Problem, 2013(4):102-109.]
[15] 龙冬平, 李同昇, 苗园园,.中国农业现代化发展水平空间分异及类型[J]. 地理学报,2014,69(2):213-226. [Long Dongping, Li Tongsheng, Miao Yuanyuan et al. The spatial distribution and types of the development level of Chinese agricultural modernization. Acta Geographica Sinica,2014,69(2):213-226.]
[16] 辛岭, 蒋和平. 我国农业现代化发展水平评价指标体系的构建和测算[J]. 农业现代化研究,2010,31(6):646-650.
[Xin Ling, Jiang Heping.Setting up evaluation index system and calculation development level of China agricultural modernization. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 2010, 31(6): 646-650.]
[17] 于正松,李同昇,龙冬平,.陕、甘、宁三省(区)农业现代化水平格局演变及其动因分析[J].地理科学,2014,34(4):411-419. [Yu Zhengsong, Li Tongsheng, Long Dongping et al. The pattern evolution and it’s reasons about the agricultural modernization in Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Region. Scientia Geography Sinica, 2014,34(4):411-419.]
[18] 丁志伟, 张改素, 王发曾. 中原经济区“三化”协调的内在机理与定量分析[J]. 地理科学, 2013, 33(4):402-409.
[Ding Zhiwei, Zhang Gaisu, Wang Fazeng.The internal mechanism and quantitative analysis of coordination development of industrialization, urbanization and agricultural modernization of Zhongyuan Economic Region. Scientia Geography Sinica, 2013, 33(4):402-409.]
[19] 尹鹏, 刘继生, 陈才. 东北振兴以来吉林省四化发展的协调性研究[J]. 地理科学, 2015, 35(9):1101-1108. [Yin Peng, Liu Jisheng, Chen Cai.The coordination development of Four Modernizations in Jilin Province since the Revival of Northeast China. Scientia Geography Sinica, 2015, 35(9):1101-1108.]
[20] 姜会明, 王振华. 吉林省工业化、城镇化与农业现代化关系实证分析[J].地理科学,2012,32(5):591-595.
[Jiang Huiming, Wang Zhenhua.Empirical analysis on the relationship among industrialization, urbanization and agricultural modernization in Jilin Province. Scientia Geography Sinica,2012,32(5):591-595.]
[21] Forouzani M, KaramiE. Agricultural water poverty index and sustainability[J]. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 2011,31(2):415-431.
[22] Ward J.Water, agriculture and poverty in the Niger River basin[J]. Water International, 2010,35(5):594-622.
[23] 黄初龙, 邓伟. 东北区农业水资源可持续利用地域分异的因子分析[J]. 地理科学, 2006, 26(3):284-291. [Huang Chulong, Deng Wei.Factor analysis on spatial variation of sustainable utilization of agricultural water resources. Scientia Geography Sinica, 2006, 26(3):284-291.]
[24] Chartzoulakis K, Bertaki M.Sustainable water management in agriculture under climate change[J]. Agriculture & Agricultural Science Procedia,2015,4:88-98.
[25] Organization A.The state of the world’s land and water resources for food and agriculture[J]. Summary Report, 2011,66(4):418-419.
[26] Allen S L.Connections between poverty, water and agriculture: Evidence from 10 river basins[J]. Water International, 2011,36(1):125-140.
[27] 潘丹,应瑞瑶.中国水资源与农业经济增长关系研究——基于面板VAR模型[J].中国人口资源与环境,2012,22(1):161-166. [Pan Dan, Ying Ruiyao.Relationship between water resource and agricultural economic growth in China: Research based on panel VAR. Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment,2012,22(1):161-166.]
[28] 李裕瑞, 王婧, 刘彦随,. 中国“四化”协调发展的区域格局及其影响因素[J].地理学报, 2014, 69(2):199-212.
[Li Yurui, Wang Jing, Liu Yansui et al. Spatial pattern and influencing factors of the coordination development of industrialization, informatization, urbanization and agricultural modernization in China: A prefecture level exploratory spatial data analysis. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2014, 69(2):199-212.]
[29] 中华人民共和国国家统计局.中国统计年鉴[M].北京:中国统计出版社, 2006-2015.
[National Bureau of Statistics of the People’s Republic of China. China statistical yearbook. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 2006-2015.]
[30] 中华人民共和国国家统计局.中国农村统计年鉴[M].北京:中国统计出版社, 2006-2015.
[National Bureau of Statistics of the People’s Republic of China. China rural statistical yearbook. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 2006-2015.]
[31] 中华人民共和国国家统计局.中国环境统计年鉴[M].北京:中国统计出版社, 2006-2015.
[National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. China statistical yearbook on environment. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 2006-2015.]
[32] 中华人民共和国国家统计局.中国水利统计年鉴[M].北京:中国统计出版社, 2006-2015.
[National Bureau of Statistics of the People’s Republic of China. China water statistical yearbook. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 2006-2015.]
[33] 中华人民共和国国家统计局.中国卫生和计划生育统计年鉴[M].北京:中国统计出版社, 2006-2015.
[National Bureau of Statistics of the People’s Republic of China. China statistical yearbook on health and family planning. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 2006-2015.]
[34] 赵雪雁, 王伟军, 万文玉.中国居民健康水平的区域差异:2003-2013[J].地理学报,2017,72(4):685-698.
[Zhao Xueyan, Wang Weijun, Wan Wenyu.Regional inequalities of residents’health level in China: 2003-2013. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2017, 72(4):685-698.]
[35] 张旺,周跃云,胡光伟.超大城市“新三化”的时空耦合协调性分析——以中国十大城市为例[J].地理科学, 2013,33(5):562-569.
[Zhang Wang, Zhou Yueyun, Hu Guangwei.Coupling mechanism and space-time coordination of new-approach urbanization, New-approach industrialization and service industry modernization in Megacity Behemoths: A case study of ten cities in China. Scientia Geography Sinica,2013,33(5):562-569.]
[36] 马丽,金凤君,刘毅.中国经济与环境污染耦合度格局及工业结构解析[J].地理学报,2012,67(10):1299-1307. [Ma Li, Jin Fengjun, Liu Yi.Spatial pattern and industrial sector structure analysis on the coupling and coordinating degree of regional economic development and environmental pollution in China. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2012,67(10):1299-1307.]
[37] 余菲菲,胡文海,荣慧芳.中小城市旅游经济与交通耦合协调发展研究——以池州市为例[J].地理科学,2015,35(9):1116-1122. [Yu Feifei, Hu Wenhai, Rong Huifang.Coordinated development about tourism economy and transportation in medium and small cities: Chizhou as example. Scientia Geography Sinica, 2015,35(9):1116-1122.]
[38] 盖美,王宇飞, 马国栋,.辽宁沿海地区用水效率与经济的耦合协调发展评价[J].自然资源学报,2013,28(12):2081-2094. [Gai Mei, Wang Yufei, Ma Guodong et al. Evaluation of the coupling coordination development between water use efficiency and economy in Liaoning Coastal Economic Belt. Journal of Natural Resources, 2013,28(12):2081-2094.]
[1] 漆信贤,黄贤金,赖力. 基于Meta分析的中国森林生态系统生态服务功能价值转移研究[J]. 地理科学, 2018, 38(4): 522-530.
[2] 钟业喜,傅钰,郭卫东,邱静. 中国上市公司总部空间格局演变及其驱动因素研究[J]. 地理科学, 2018, 38(4): 485-494.
[3] 贾艳青,张勃. 基于日SPEI的近55 a西南地区极端干旱事件时空演变特征[J]. 地理科学, 2018, 38(3): 474-483.
[4] 张伟丽. 区域经济增长俱乐部趋同:假说检验及解释[J]. 地理科学, 2018, 38(2): 258-263.
[5] 姚云浩,栾维新. 中国游艇俱乐部区位特征研究[J]. 地理科学, 2018, 38(2): 249-257.
[6] 刘帅宾,李在军,周年兴,杨山. 中国省域消费水平及影响因素的时空异质性分析[J]. 地理科学, 2018, 38(2): 186-194.
[7] 李航飞,韦素琼,陈松林,魏少彬,赵家亮. 经贸视角下中国台湾“新南向政策”分析——基于SNA和VAR方法[J]. 地理科学, 2018, 38(1): 67-77.
[8] 李钢,谭然,王会娟,颜祥,邵琰. 中国拐卖儿童犯罪的地理特征研究[J]. 地理科学, 2017, 37(7): 1049-1058.
[9] 周灿,曾刚,王丰龙,司月芳,宓泽锋. 中国电子信息产业创新网络与创新绩效研究[J]. 地理科学, 2017, 37(5): 661-671.
[10] 王毅,陈娱,陆玉麒,车冰清,丁正山,余茂军. 城市门户性与中国门户群研究[J]. 地理科学, 2017, 37(3): 331-338.
[11] 钟业喜,陈琳,黄洁. 中国500强的行业结构及其区域差异[J]. 地理科学, 2017, 37(2): 190-199.
[12] 匡兵,卢新海,周敏,饶映雪. 中国地级以上城市土地经济密度差异的时空演化分析[J]. 地理科学, 2017, 37(12): 1850-1858.
[13] 方利,王文杰,蒋卫国,陈民,王永,贾凯,李延森. 2000~2014年黑龙江流域(中国)植被覆盖时空变化及其对气候变化的响应[J]. 地理科学, 2017, 37(11): 1745-1754.
[14] 褚艳玲,杨忠振. 基于空侧货物运输系统的中国民用机场可达性评价[J]. 地理科学, 2017, 37(11): 1689-1695.
[15] 阙维民. 世界遗产预备项目“丝绸之路-海路-中国段”研究[J]. 地理科学, 2017, 37(11): 1678-1688.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《地理科学》编辑部
地址:长春市高新北区盛北大街4888号 邮编:130102 电话:+86 431 85542324 E-mail: geoscien@neigae.ac.cn
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn