地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (6): 859-868.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.06.004

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中国数字经济空间分异及影响因素

王彬燕1(), 田俊峰2, 程利莎1, 浩飞龙1, 韩翰1, 王士君1()   

  1. 1.东北师范大学地理科学学院, 吉林 长春130024
    2.吉林大学地球科学学院, 吉林 长春130061
  • 收稿日期:2017-07-10 修回日期:2017-10-11 出版日期:2018-06-20 发布日期:2018-06-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王彬燕(1991-),女,四川三台县人,博士研究生,研究方向为城市与区域发展。E-mail:wangby956@nenu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41630749,41471142,41571150)资助

Spatial Differentiation of Digital Economy and Its Influencing Factors in China

Binyan Wang1(), Junfeng Tian2, Lisha Cheng1, Feilong Hao1, Han Han1, Shijun Wang1()   

  1. 1. School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, Jilin, China
    2. School of Earth Sciences, Jilin University, Changchun 130061, Jilin,China
  • Received:2017-07-10 Revised:2017-10-11 Online:2018-06-20 Published:2018-06-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41630749, 41471142, 41571150)

摘要:

基于腾讯研究院公布的数字经济指数,运用插值模拟、Zipf位序-规模法则及地理探测器等方法,对2016年中国数字经济发展的空间分异特征进行分析,并对其影响因素进行探测比较。结果表明:中国数字经济发展空间分异明显,省域尺度呈现出自东向西梯度递减的特征,但川、渝成为创新发展新极点;城市尺度,城市群地区是数字经济发展高地。数字经济各分维度发展的协同性与差异性特征并存,但差异性更为显著。国家层面,政府对科学技术方面的投入对数字经济的发展起重要作用;东部地区影响因素相对多样;信息化基础与潜力方面因素对中部地区起主导作用,且各因素交互后作用力显著加强;西部地区受多种因素的综合作用,不存在具有决定性的影响因素;东北地区的影响因素则相对单一。

关键词: 数字经济, 空间分异, 地理探测器, 影响因素, 中国

Abstract:

Digital economy is a new form of economic and social development after agricultural economy and industrial economy, and it is becoming a new momentum of global economic development. Therefore, it is of great significance to study the digital economy. Based on the digital economy indices of China’s 31 provinces and 351 cities published by the “Internet plus” digital economy index platform of Tencent Research Institute, this article analyzes the spatial differentiation characteristics of Chinese digital economy and its foundation, industry, innovation and entrepreneurship, and the wisdom of the people’s livelihood in 2016 by using the methods of interpolation simulation and rank-size rule, and then we use correlation analysis and geographical detector model to detect and compare the influencing factors of digital economic development in China and its inner regions. The main conclusions are as follows. 1) The spatial differentiation of Chinese digital economic development is obvious. The development level of digital economy and its four dimensions is decreasing from east to west at the provincial level, at the same time, there are new poles of innovation and development in Sichuan, Chongqing and so on. At the urban scale, national urban agglomeration area is the absolute height of the development of digital economy, such as Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Urban Agglomeration, the Yangtze River Delta Urban Agglomeration, the Pearl River Delta Urban Agglomeration. 2) There are both coordinated development and differentiation among the various dimensions of the digital economy, and the differences between the four plates of the East, Middle, West and Northeast China and their interior are obvious, especially between the eastern region and the other three regions. 3) The dominant factors influencing the development of digital economy at different spatial scales are different. At the national level, the government’s commitment to science and technology plays an important role. However, the factors influencing the development of the digital economy in the eastern region are quited, and all the factors are independent. And the influence of informatization foundation and potential factors plays a leading role in the development of digital economy in Central China, and the interaction force of each factor is obviously strengthened. However, there is no decisive factor in the western region, which is affected by many factors. The factors influencing the development of digital economy in Northeast China are relatively single. Through the analysis of research conclusions, we can find that the development of digital economy has provided new opportunities and challenges for areas with weak economic foundation, it is expected to drive the national economy through the digital economic development and realize “overtaking by turns”.

Key words: digital economy, spatial differentiation, geographical detector, influencing factors, China

中图分类号: 

  • K902