地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (6): 885-894.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.06.007

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产业扶贫视角下村域空间贫困陷阱识别与策略分析——以湘西保靖县为例

杨志恒(), 黄秋昊, 李满春, 曲衍波, 高宇, 刘美凤   

  1. 山东财经大学区域经济研究院/山东财经大学公共管理学院, 山东 济南 250014;
    南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,江苏 南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2017-09-07 修回日期:2018-01-10 出版日期:2018-06-20 发布日期:2018-06-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:杨志恒(1978-),女,山东泰安人,博士,副教授,硕导,主要从事区域发展与区域经济研究。E-mail:zhihengyang@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41501606)、教育部人文社会科学研究青年项目(13YJC790182)、泰山学者建设工程项目资助

Identification and Strategy Analysis of Poverty Alleviation Traps in Village Area from the Perspective of Industry Poverty Alleviation:A Case of Baojing County in Hunan Province

Zhiheng Yang(), Qiuhao Huang, Manchun Li, Yanbo Qu, Yu Gao, Meifeng Liu   

  1. Institute of Regional Economics, Shandong University of Finance and Economics, School of Public management, Shandong University of Finance and Economics, Jinan, Shandong 250014, China;
    School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing , Jiangsu 210023, China
  • Received:2017-09-07 Revised:2018-01-10 Online:2018-06-20 Published:2018-06-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41501606), Youth Project of Humanities and Social Sciences Foundation of Education Department of China (13YJC790182), Taishan Scholar Construction Project

摘要:

从产业扶贫视角出发,选择湖南省湘西土家苗族自治州保靖县为研究案例区,构建自然环境、地理区位、经济基础、人力资本和社会事业5个维度的村域的空间贫困陷阱测度指标体系,运用综合评价方法测度村域产业扶贫面临的空间贫困陷阱,利用核密度方法分析5个维度上空间贫困陷阱密集影响区域,并在此基础上绘制村域产业扶贫的综合空间贫困陷阱地图,提出对应的发展策略,为实现贫困地区产业发展精准帮扶提供科学依据。

关键词: 产业扶贫, 空间贫困陷阱, 村域, 湘西

Abstract:

As the focal point of developing poverty alleviation, industry poverty alleviation has remarkable effect on changing the plight of poverty-stricken areas. Industry poverty alleviation focuses on the development of industries, promote poverty reduction and development simultaneously. However, the driving force of industrial development comes from the comparative advantages of the composition of regional production factors, such as natural resources, ecological environment, land, labor force and capital, which is closely related to the geographical environment, synthesized by a series of indicators with geographical attributes. There is a significant comparative disadvantage in poor areas determined by geographical environment. From the perspective of industrial poverty alleviation, this article introduces the concept of “spatial Poverty Traps”, chooses Hunan Province, Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Baojing County as the research case area, constructs the spatial poverty trap measure index system for the industry poverty alleviation in 5 dimensions: natural environment, geographical location, economic foundation, human capital and social undertakings, identifies and measures the spatial density of the spatial poverty trap using the kernel density analysis method, and puts forward the corresponding development strategy to provide scientific basis for precise poverty alleviation. The results indicate that the plight of industrial poverty alleviation in Baojing county. Most administrative villages are affected by one or more dimensions of the spatial poverty trap, characterized by mountainous areas, reservoir areas, inconvenient transportation and economic and social development backward. The strategies of industrial poverty alleviation is developing village economy focus on small-scale farmers, constructing “point-axis” rural logistics and distribution system, increasing industrial financial service support, strengthening rural human capital accumulation, mining the industrial properties of social undertakings. The study also found that poverty-stricken areas face long-term constraints of space poverty traps. In the future, we should carry out long-term dynamic monitoring to the poor areas, adjust the measures to solve the problem of poverty alleviation and resource allocation, and to improve the poverty alleviation effect of the poverty alleviation industry.

Key words: industry poverty alleviation, spatial poverty trap, village area, Xiangxi

中图分类号: 

  • F323.8