地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (6): 927-934.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.06.012

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旅游发展背景下民居客栈的空间生产——以大理双廊为例

罗秋菊1,2(), 冯敏妍1, 蔡颖颖1   

  1. 1.中山大学旅游学院, 广东 广州 510275
    2.中山大学旅游发展与规划研究中心, 广东 广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2017-06-02 修回日期:2017-08-03 出版日期:2018-06-20 发布日期:2018-06-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:罗秋菊(1968-),女,江西新余人,博士,教授,博导,主要从事会展与节事旅游研究。E-mail:bettyluoqiuju@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(15BGL110)资助

The Production of Space in Home Inns Under Tourism Development:A Case Study of Shuanglang Town in Dali

Qiuju Luo1,2(), Minyan Feng1, Yingying Cai1   

  1. 1.School of Tourism Management, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, China
    2.Center for Tourism Planning & Research, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, China;
  • Received:2017-06-02 Revised:2017-08-03 Online:2018-06-20 Published:2018-06-20
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China (15BGL110)

摘要:

在旅游发展的背景下,民居客栈成为一个特殊的时空建构,建筑风格呈现出多元化的倾向,当地的传统元素逐渐弱化。以大理双廊的民居客栈为例,基于空间生产理论从物质空间、精神空间、社会空间3个方面进行分析,研究发现,民居客栈的空间实践包括原态式、改进式、创新式建筑3种。本地村民是早期的空间支配者和使用者,随着土地使用权的转移,其对空间生产的影响力逐渐降低;外来经营者作为主要的空间生产者和使用者,强化了民居客栈与当地建筑的差异性;而政府的介入相对较晚,在后期表现出较强的空间控制权;游客则通过市场选择等方式间接影响着空间的生产。旅游发展下空间生产和塑造的背后代表着资本和文化的互动以及新的社会关系的建立。

关键词: 空间生产, 民居客栈, 旅游影响, 大理双廊

Abstract:

Under the background of tourism development, home inns at the tourism destination have become special production of time and space which have changed from residential houses into commercial accommodation. During this process, it always shows a pluralistic tendency of architecture style while the traditional characteristics of local building have been gradually disappearing. In view of it, this article takes the home inns in Shuanglang Town, Dali as a case study. Shuanglang was a former traditional small fishing village as the gathering place of Bai nationality. It remains a large amount of Bai traditional residential buildings which express the living ways and historic folkways of Bai people. But now it has become a popular tourism destination in the wave of commercialization with a very high density of new inns. Based on Lefebvre's theory of space production, it analyses from three aspects: the production of physical, conceptual and social space and it mainly emphasizes the necessary connection between social relations and local space. Firstly, physical space of home inns in Shuanglang can be divided into three architecture styles: authentic, modified and innovative practice. Authentic buildings refer to the home inns basically keep their original structures and the internal decorative elements of traditional Bai buildings. Modified buildings have some design modification on the basis of retaining the main traditional elements of Bai, while innovative buildings totally present their architectural elements from other regions completely different from the Bai traditional buildings. Secondly, in the aspect of conceptual space, different subjects including local residents, foreign inns-operators, the government and the tourists have different production of their own conceived space. Local residents are the early owners and dominators of local space, but their influence on space production gradually decreases with the transformation of their right to use land. Foreign inns-operators as the current important space producers and dominators increase the differences of architecture styles between home inns and local buildings out of their respect for local culture, or the longing for an ideal life and the favor of foreign culture. Then the government involvement was relatively late, it shows strong control over the space of home inns in the later stage but has no effective influence on the completed inns. Since the tourists normally have short stays at the destination, they have no direct influence on the space production but can indirectly influence through market choice. Thirdly, behind the spatial production of home inns, it is the interaction of capital and culture among local residents, foreign inns-operators, tourists and the government. The process of space production actually represents the development of new social relations.

Key words: the production of space, home inns, tourism impact, Shuanglang Town of Dali City

中图分类号: 

  • K901