地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (7): 1061-1068.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.07.007

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德国三大汽车制造商产业竞争力表现动态分析

刘云达1,2(), 佟连军1()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所,吉林 长春130102
    2.中国科学院大学,北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-26 修回日期:2018-05-09 出版日期:2018-07-20 发布日期:2018-07-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘云达(1983-),男,吉林通化人,博士研究生,助理研究员,主要从事环境与发展研究。E-mail: liuyunda@neigae.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(41771138)资助

Dynamic Analysis on the Performance of Industrial Competitiveness of the Three Major German Automotive Manufacturers

Yunda Liu1,2(), Lianjun Tong1()   

  1. 1. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, Jilin, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-03-26 Revised:2018-05-09 Online:2018-07-20 Published:2018-07-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41771138)

摘要:

以德国大众、戴姆勒和宝马三大汽车制造商及其2008~2016年产业竞争力表现为研究对象,在R软件中构建偏最小二乘回归模型,分析三大汽车制造商产业竞争力表现和发展的关键影响因素及异质性特征。结果表明:2008~2016年,大众、戴姆勒和宝马的产业竞争力表现经历了“衰退-复苏”、“冲高-回落”和“调整-反弹”3个小周期。基于生产制造、科技研发、资本运营和市场盈利4个竞争力维度,三大汽车制造商形成了不同的耦合适应竞争优势。在汽车产业竞争力发展上,大众、戴姆勒和宝马分别呈现出了全球扩散的产业转移、知识外溢的产业集聚和资源禀赋的区位优势等异质性特征。

关键词: 汽车产业, 竞争力表现, Volkswagen, Daimler, BMW, 偏最小二乘回归(PLS), 德国

Abstract:

The automotive industry is at the heart of Germany's advanced manufacturing industry and has the world's leading competitiveness. The significance of Automotive Industry Competitiveness to National competitive advantage, Based on the research results of the three major automobile manufacturers such as Volkswagen, Daimler and BMW and their industrial competitiveness from 2008 to 2016, a partial least-squares regression model was constructed in R software to analyze the performance of the three major automobile manufacturers in industrial competitiveness and Key Factors and Heterogeneity of Development. The results show that: in 2008-2016, Volkswagen, Daimler and BMW's industrial competitiveness experienced "recession-recovery", "uptick-down" and "adjustment - rebound" three small cycles. Based on the four competitive dimensions of Manufacturing, R & D, Capital operation and Market profitability, the three major automotive manufacturers have formed different coupling adaptation competitive advantages. In the development of automotive industry competitiveness, Volkswagen, Daimler, and BMW showed the heterogeneity of the industrial transfer of global diffusion, the industrial agglomeration of knowledge spillover and the location advantage of resource endowment.

Key words: automotive industry, competitive performance, Volkwagen, Daimler, BWM, PLS, Germany

中图分类号: 

  • F062