地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (7): 1069-1078.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.07.008

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俄罗斯西伯利亚与远东地区城镇化发展水平测度及空间分异研究

初楠臣1,2(), 张平宇1(), 李鹤1, 李欣1   

  1. 1.中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所,吉林 长春 130102
    2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-16 修回日期:2018-05-05 出版日期:2018-07-20 发布日期:2018-07-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:初楠臣(1992-),男,黑龙江佳木斯人,博士研究生,主要从事城市地理与区域发展研究。E-mail:chunanchen_1992@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家科技基础资源调查专项课题(2017FY101303-1)、国家自然科学基金面上项目(41571152,41771179)、中国科学院重点部署项目(ZDRW-ZS-2017-4-3-4, ZDBS-SSW-SQC)资助

Measurement and Spatial Differentiation of Urbanization Development in the Siberian and Far East Federal Districts in Russia

Nanchen Chu1,2(), Pingyu Zhang1(), He Li1, Xin Li1   

  1. 1. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy Sciences, Changchun 130102, Jilin, China
    2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-03-16 Revised:2018-05-05 Online:2018-07-20 Published:2018-07-20
  • Supported by:
    National Science and Technology Basic Project of the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (2017FY101303-1), National Natural Science Foundation of China (41571152,41771179), The Knowledge Innovation Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (ZDRW-ZS-2017-4-3-4, ZDBS-SSW-SQC)

摘要:

构建城镇化评价指标体系,研究俄罗斯西伯利亚与远东地区2005~2015年人口、经济、社会城镇化发展水平及空间分异。研究表明:俄罗斯西伯利亚与远东地区城镇化综合发展水平呈小幅上升,西伯利亚城镇化发展水平高于远东,两联邦区人口城镇化水平下降、经济与社会城镇化发展缓慢,多数联邦主体的城镇化发展低于平均水平;空间上,城镇化发展水平高值区集中在西伯利亚联邦区西部(鄂木斯克-新西伯利亚-阿尔泰边疆区-克麦罗沃-克拉斯诺亚尔斯克-伊尔库茨克联邦主体),低值区分布在远东联邦区东部(马加丹-楚科奇-勘察加联邦主体),西高东低格局特征显著;最后探讨了促进西伯利亚与远东人口、经济、社会城镇化发展的具体对策。

关键词: 人口城镇化, 经济城镇化, 社会城镇化, 俄罗斯西伯利亚和远东地区

Abstract:

This paper studied the urbanization development level and its spatial differentiation of the Siberian and Far East federal districts in Russia. The paper first built an index system to evaluate the urbanization development level of Siberian and Far East federal districts. Then based on the comprehensive weighting method of entropy weight and variation coefficient, this paper calculated the urbanization development levels with regard to the population, economic and social aspects during 2005-2015. The results are as following. First, the comprehensive urbanization development level of Siberian and Far East federal districts has increased from 2005 to 2015. The urbanization development levels of the population, economic, and social aspects in Siberian federal district are all higher than those of Far East federal district. The population urbanization levels of the Siberian and Far East federal districts have decreased. Both the urbanization levels of the economic and social aspects of the two districts have been growing slowly. Second, from 2005 to 2015, the urbanization development levels of most federal subjects are lower than the average level of all the federal subjects. The urbanization development levels of Kemerovo Region, Novosibirsk Region, Altay Territory, Omsk Region, Krasnoyarsk Territory, Primorsky Territory, and Irkutsk Region are higher than the average level of all the federal subjects. Compared with other federal subjects, the urbanization development levels of Magadan Region, and Chukotka Autonomous Area are the lowest. Third, the urbanization development levels of the population, economic, and social urbanization aspects were all spatially imbalanced while taking the Siberian and Far East federal districts as a whole regional area. Spatially, the urbanization development level of the whole area shows a "High West, Low East" spatial pattern. The areas with a high urbanization development level are concentrated in the west of Siberian federal district. The areas with low ones are mostly in the eastern part of the Far East federal district. Finally, we suggested policies and strategies that can boost the growth and development of the population, economy and society of Siberian and Far East federal districts.

Key words: population urbanization, economic urbanization, social urbanization, Siberian and Far East federal districts

中图分类号: 

  • F291.1