地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (7): 1129-1138.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.07.014

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大连市初中教育消费者的社会空间结构研究

韩增林1(), 谢永顺1, 刘天宝1(), 于洋2   

  1. 1.辽宁师范大学海洋经济与可持续发展研究中心,辽宁 大连116029
    2.辽宁师范大学城市与环境学院,辽宁 大连116029
  • 收稿日期:2017-06-08 修回日期:2017-09-12 出版日期:2018-07-20 发布日期:2018-07-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:韩增林(1956-),男,山东商河人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事区域发展规划、交通运输地理及海洋经济地理等研究。E-mail:hzl@lnnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571122)资助

The Socio-spatial Structure of Middle School Education Consumers in Dalian

Zenglin Han1(), Yongshun Xie1, Tianbao Liu1(), Yang Yu2   

  1. 1. Center for Studies of Marine Economy and Sustainable Development, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
    2. College of Urban and Environmental, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
  • Received:2017-06-08 Revised:2017-09-12 Online:2018-07-20 Published:2018-07-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41571122)

摘要:

基于消费者差异的特色均等化是义务教育未来发展的重要指向。运用因子生态分析法对大连市域范围内189所初级中学学生的问卷调查数据进行分析,提取出5个主因子并划分为5类初中教育消费者,得出大连市初中教育消费者在空间上呈现出职业的城乡分化、受教育水平的南北差异等多重分异特征。然后采用聚类分析方法和集中度指数将所研究的初中教育消费者所在学校划分为4类,即高学历高收入家庭子女学校、城市中上收入家庭子女学校、农民及外出务工人员子女学校和工人及办事人员子女学校。最后根据不同类型初中教育消费者所在学校空间上的分布特征,归纳出大连市初中教育消费者社会空间结构的圈层分布特征。

关键词: 义务教育, 消费者, 社会空间结构, 均等化, 大连市

Abstract:

The equalization with characteristics based on consumers’ differences is an important director for developing compulsory education in following years. Factorial ecological analysis method is used to analyze the survey data of questioned students from 189 middle schools in Dalian City. Five principal factors are extracted and classified into five kinds of middle school consumers. Four kinds of middle school consumers could be divided with the hierarchical cluster analysis methods and concentration index. At last, according to the distribution characteristics of different middle school consumers, it summarized that what is the distribution characteristics of the middle school students’ social space structure in Dalian. The following conclusions can be drawn. 1) There exists a significant difference in spatial structure of middle school students in Dalian, which is shown differently with diversified classification standards. As a whole, it presents such the complex spatial characteristics as the urban and rural division of occupation and the north-south education difference. 2) Given the demand-side, the middle school education consumers in Dalian can be divided into four categories: the first is for children in highly educated and high-income families,the second is for children in urban middle-income families, the third is for children in farmers and migrant workers families, and the forth is for children in the workers and staff families. There are significant differences in the composition of the social groups represented by the students and their students in each type of school, which further leads to the emergence of schools with different characteristics and types. 3) The differences of social groups with a unit of school show obvious spatial distribution characteristics. The core layer, the core of a city, has the schools for children in highly educated and high-income families. The second layer, which is the marginal area and the new urban area of a city, has schools for the children of upper-middle income families and industrial workers as well as office workers. The outer layer where the outlying counties area, has schools for children of farmers and migrant workers.

Key words: compulsory education, consumer, social-space structure, equalization, Dalian

中图分类号: 

  • G522.3