1. Institute for Global Innovation and Development, East China Normal University/School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China 2. College of Geography and Environment Sciences, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250358, Shandong, China
The article constructs a greenization evaluation index system which covers four dimensions of green growth, green welfare, green wealth and green governance based on defining the concept of “greenization”. The dynamic evolution characteristics of spatial pattern of greenization process in China are analyzed through using comprehensive index method, entropy weight method, Gini coefficient, coefficient of variation, and NICH index and combined with GIS spatial analysis software. In addition, this paper analyzed the driving mechanism of the dynamic evolution of the spatial pattern of greenization process in China through using the global Moran's I index, spatial econometric model combined with Matlab 2012 data analysis software. The conclusions are as follows: 1) In 2000-2015, China’s greenization level increased from 0.352 to 0.859, of which green growth, green welfare and green governance index fluctuated upward trend, while the green wealth index showed a downward trend; 2) The spatial differentiation features of China’s Greenization in 2000-2015 years changed from “small gap between the low level” to “large gap between the high level”, the greenization level of east and west are high, middle low, a feature of “凹” shape spatial pattern; 3) The economic development, urbanization, innovation investment, market system, globalization have significantly positively correlated with greenization. However the industrial structure (the proportion of industrial output value in GDP) showed a significant negative correlation with greenization.
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