地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (10): 1589-1596.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.10.002

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中国绿色化进程空间格局动态演变及其驱动机制

侯纯光1(), 任建兰2, 程钰2, 刘树峰1   

  1. 1.华东师范大学全球创新与发展研究院/华东师范大学城市与区域科学学院, 上海 200062
    2.山东师范大学地理与环境学院, 山东 济南 250358
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-09 修回日期:2017-12-08 出版日期:2018-12-12 发布日期:2018-12-12
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:侯纯光(1990-),男,安徽利辛人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为科技创新与区域发展。E-mail:1570846532@qq.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41501124,41571525)资助;National Natural Science Foundation of China (41501124, 41571525)

Spatial Evolution and Driving Mechanism of China’s Greenization Process

Chunguang Hou1(), Jianlan Ren2, Yu Cheng2, Shufeng Liu1   

  1. 1. Institute for Global Innovation and Development, East China Normal University/School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    2. College of Geography and Environment Sciences, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250358, Shandong, China
  • Received:2017-10-09 Revised:2017-12-08 Online:2018-12-12 Published:2018-12-12

摘要:

运用综合指数法、空间计量模型等方法,对中国绿色化进程空间格局动态演变及其驱动机制进行研究。研究表明: 2000~2015年中国绿色化水平从0.352提升至0.859,其中绿色增长、绿色福利和绿色治理指数呈波动上升趋势,绿色财富指数呈逐渐下降的态势; 中国绿色化空间分异特征从“小差距低水平”向“大差距高水平”转变,呈东部高,中部低,西部较高的“凹”字形空间格局特征; 经济发展水平、城镇化水平、创新投入、市场体制、全球化水平与绿色化呈显著性正相关,而产业结构(工业产值占GDP比重)与绿色化呈显著性负相关。

关键词: 绿色化, 绿色增长, 绿色福利, 绿色治理, 绿色财富, 中国

Abstract:

The article constructs a greenization evaluation index system which covers four dimensions of green growth, green welfare, green wealth and green governance based on defining the concept of “greenization”. The dynamic evolution characteristics of spatial pattern of greenization process in China are analyzed through using comprehensive index method, entropy weight method, Gini coefficient, coefficient of variation, and NICH index and combined with GIS spatial analysis software. In addition, this paper analyzed the driving mechanism of the dynamic evolution of the spatial pattern of greenization process in China through using the global Moran's I index, spatial econometric model combined with Matlab 2012 data analysis software. The conclusions are as follows: 1) In 2000-2015, China’s greenization level increased from 0.352 to 0.859, of which green growth, green welfare and green governance index fluctuated upward trend, while the green wealth index showed a downward trend; 2) The spatial differentiation features of China’s Greenization in 2000-2015 years changed from “small gap between the low level” to “large gap between the high level”, the greenization level of east and west are high, middle low, a feature of “凹” shape spatial pattern; 3) The economic development, urbanization, innovation investment, market system, globalization have significantly positively correlated with greenization. However the industrial structure (the proportion of industrial output value in GDP) showed a significant negative correlation with greenization.

Key words: greenization, green growth, green welfare, green governance, green wealth, China

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9