To evaluate the spatio-termporal difference of marine eco-efficiency of China and explore its response relationship with the structure of the marine industry, the super-efficiency DEA model, the standard deviation ellipse and VAR model were gradually applied to calculate the marine eco-efficiency, visualize spatially and analyze the impulse response of the marine industrial structure and marine eco-efficiency, respectively. The conclusions are as follows: 1) Marine tertiary industry has a large proportion of gross ocean product in coastal provinces of China, showing an increasing trend during the study. The entropy of marine industrial structure declines in most provinces, which indicate that the development of marine industry in these provinces is stable. 2) In terms of time series, marine eco-efficiency is invalid by and large, but the marine eco-efficiency is relatively high in the year when the marine tertiary industry has a high proportion of marine production. In terms of space, the gravity of marine eco-efficiency generally shows trend of moving to north, indicating that optimization of marine eco-efficiency in the north is faster than that in the south. 3) According to the impulse response charts of coastal provinces, it can be concluded that the impact of marine industrial structure of each province on marine eco-efficiency has finally stabilized. The main reason is that as China’s marine industry structure stabilizes, its impact on marine eco-efficiency is getting smaller and smaller; From the perspective of variance decomposition, the marine industrial structure upgrading in coastal provinces has a higher contribution to the decomposition of marine eco-efficiency variance, and it shows a growth trend, indicating that the upgrading of marine industrial structure has a certain effect on the improvement of marine eco-efficiency.
[FuLina, ChenXiaohong, LengZhihua.Urban agglomerations eco-efficiency analysis based on super-efficienty DEA model: Case study of Chang-Zhu-Tan“3 + 5”urban agglomeration. China Population, , 2013, 23(4):169-175.]
区域生态效率(eco-efficiency)评价是考量区域可持发展的重要内容。基于物质流分析(material flow analysis,MFA)构建区域生态效率评价指标体系,并将污染物排放作为一种非期望输入引入到数据包络分析(data envelopment analysis,DEA)模型中,以江苏省(1990～2005年)为例进行生态效率分析评价。结果表明,江苏省的区域生态效率在1990～2005年期间呈现逐步上升的趋势。但是,同期的总物质投入(total material input,TMI)、物质需求总量(total material requirement,TMR)和污染物排放量也呈上升趋势。因此,江苏省社会经济发展和环境影响总体上呈现"弱脱钩(weak de-link)"。
[ChenLiming, WangWenping, WangBin.Economic efficiency, environmental efficiency and eco-efficiency of the so-called two vertical and three horizontal urbanization areas: Empirical analysis based on HDDF and Co-Plot method., 2015(2):96-109.]
[ChenAo.Empirical analysis of the evaluation of regional ecology efficiency and influential factors in China—Evidences from provincial data during 2000-2006. , 2008, 16(s1):566-570. ]
HuppesG, Davidson MD, Kuyper J et al. Eco-effient environmental policy in The Netherlands[J]. , 2007, 61(1):43-51.
BartolimeoM, dal MasoD, de JongPet al. Eco-effiencient producer services-what are they, how do they benefit customers and the environment and how likely are they to develop and be extensively utilized?[J]. , 2003, 11(8):829-837.
<h2 class="secHeading" id="section_abstract">Abstract</h2><p id="">The potential environmental benefits of moving from a product-based economy to a functional economy involving greater use of services is a subject of increasing interest and debate in the field of eco-efficiency. This paper provides a typology and fuller analysis of eco-efficient producer services than hitherto reported. Three broad classes of service are described and assessed: product based including product results, product utility and product extension; electronic substitution and information based. Examples of each are drawn from a major study on the successes and barriers of eco-services in Europe. The paper concludes that while there are a number of areas of success, there are considerable barriers to wider development and uptake of such services, and that many of the more successful service applications are not necessarily driven by environmental considerations. The paper warns that the shift from products to services cannot be assumed to be eco-efficient and there are a number of rebound effects which need to be carefully analysed.</p>
[LvBin, YangJianxin.Eco-efficiency analysis of realcling strategies of WEEE in China. , 2010, 4(1):183-188.]
Knarel GP, CharmondusitK.Eco-efficiency evaluation of iron rod industry in Nepal[J]. , 2008, 16(13):1379-1387
This paper presents the eco-efficiency of energy intensity, material consumption, water use, waste generation, and CO emission in terms of production value in net sales (US$) per environmental influence using empirical evaluation. Evaluation has been considered only within production process boundary of iron rod industry. Evaluation of eco-efficiency tried to couple the economic and environmental influences of industry to know economic and environmental excellence. Eco-efficiency of iron rod industry was quantitatively analyzed and determined that energy, material consumption, water use, waste generation, and CO emission eco-efficiency have been increased gradually along with increased production during analysis period of five years (20012005). It was possible due to installing heat recovery unit along with innovative processes modification. While comparing each year's eco-efficiency of all above-mentioned parameters, eco-efficiencies were increased that indicates less resource use and less waste released. As a general statement of overall comparison and characterization of eco-efficiencies of five years duration, iron rod industry was eco-efficient in all aspects. Eco-efficiency being an emerging trend has not yet been implemented in Nepal. It is further recommended to adopt the eco-efficiency evaluation in other industries. In addition, it is high time to augment the provision of eco-efficiency concepts in industrial policy and legislation concerned.