The Relationship Between Urbanization Level and Economic Growth Based on the Perspective of City and Market
Xuehui Wang1,2(),Guofeng Gu2()
1.Tourism and Event Management School, Shanghai University of International Business and Economics, Shanghai 201620,China 2.School of Geography Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024,Jilin, China
This article analyzes the level and types of urbanization of Chinese 285 prefecture-level cities from 2005 to 2014 based on the perspective of city and market, and reveals the spatiotemporal regulation of the evolution of urbanization level in China. The paper explored the relationship between different types of urbanization and economic growth based on the function of non parameter estimation method. The results show that: 1) The spatial distribution of city level in China is discrete, and the spatial distribution of market level shows the “core periphery” structure. According to the equilibrium and synchronization level of city and market, the study unit could be divided into five categories, which are city precedes market, market precedes city, low-level synchronization, medium-level synchronization, high-level synchronization. And we found that most cities of our country belong to the high-level synchronization type. 2) This article reveals the characteristics of urbanization type evolution through constructing a transtion-probablity matrix Markov chain. The first characteristic is that the cities belong to synchronous type shows more stability than that belongs to non-synchronous type. The second characteristic is that the transfer of urbanization type has stages. 3) Firstly, the economic growth rate of low-level synchronous city has cubic function relationships with city and market level. Secondly, the economic growth rate of media-level and high-level synchronous city has quadratic function relationships with its city and market level. Thirdly, the economic growth rate of non-synchronous city has cubic function relationships with city and market level. Therefore, different types of cities should adopt differentiated policies when raising their economic level.
. 基于城、市视角的城市化水平与经济增长关系[J]. 地理科学,
2018, 38(10): 1634-1642.
. The Relationship Between Urbanization Level and Economic Growth Based on the Perspective of City and Market[J]. SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA,
2018, 38(10): 1634-1642.
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Urban-rural development has always been illustrated as the interdependent and interaction relationship, represented by the free flow of population, commodities, capital and information between urban and rural areas, which, in some sense, guarantees the effective and efficient uses of resources in urban and rural areas. It is self-evident that the construction of regional infrastructure is a precondition for regional urbanization.The improvement of public infrastructure shortens the "spatial distance" between urban and rural areas, widens the built-up areas, pushes outside the urban fringe and forms, in some time, a new form of spatial complexity in which urban and rural areas are intensely mixed or "interlocked". The joint development of urban and rural areas depends on the increase of capital investment for infrastructures mainly cover transportation, telecommunication, education, medical facilities and welfare. We can safely come to a conclusion that regional infrastructure is indispensable to the development of urban and rural areas and lays the foundation for the relationship generation between regional infrastructure and urban-rural development. On the other hand, the strong interaction between urban and rural areas will promote the construction and improvement of regional infrastructure. Many scholars have paid much attention to the relationship between regional infrastructure and urban-rural development now. It has important implications for the construction of infrastructure and improvement of social and economic benefits to find out and assess the relationship between regional infrastructure and urban-rural development.