Based on the decoupling model, coupling coordination model and spatial response measurement model of industrial towns, the article analyzed the coupling pattern of industrialization and urban space as well as its influencing factors in Xuzhou city from 2003 to 2015 by using the methods of Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis (ESDA) and Geographical Weighted Regression model (GWR). The results showed as followed. Firstly, the decoupling relationship between industrialization and urban space in Xuzhou City had evolved from no decoupling to absolute decoupling, and the degree of coupling coordination between them showed an upward trend, but the coupling effect was not strong. Secondly, the degree of industrialization urban spatial response presented a trend of fluctuating increasing in the town of Xuzhou, and the difference among the various towns increased gradually. Thirdly, the strength difference of industrialization urban space response were forming the pattern of one belt and two wings, and the towns with superior traffic location were particularly significant, which indicated that the endowment basis of industrialization urban spatial response in regenerative resource-based cities had been changing. Fourthly, the low urban space response towns mainly agglomerated in the areas far from the city where the location was unchanged, and it continued to present as cold point areas, consistent with the regional pattern of economic development level. Finally, we found that the degree of influence factors on spatial response of industrial towns had the characteristics of the greatest effects on industrialization urban space response, followed by investment factors, development stage and infrastructure, both showing a trend of weakening, but the influence of various factors showed significant spatial heterogeneity.
. 再生性资源型城市工业化与城镇空间耦合格局及驱动因素——以徐州市为例[J]. 地理科学,
2018, 38(10): 1670-1680.
Mengmeng Guo et al
. Spatial Pattern and Influence Factors Analysis on Coupling and Coordinating Degree of Industrialization and Urban Space of Regenerative Resource-based Cities: A Case of Xuzhou City[J]. SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA,
2018, 38(10): 1670-1680.
[JiaoHuafu, YangXianming.Relationship between industrial structure evolution and urban spatial form succession of the coal resource-based cities: A case study of Huainan City. , 2016, 71(6): 998-1009.]
Economic and social development of China is entering an important transition period. Industrial upgrading and space optimization are key factors to improve the level of urbanization in the city cluster region. The relationship between industrial structure evolution and urban space is now a new and urgent scientific topic to be studied. From a visual angle of space, this article proposed the Coefficient of Urban Space Response to Industrial Structure Evolution, with which the authors described the temporal-spatial characteristics of the response intensity in the Pearl River Delta since 1996, and analyzed the internal relation between urban space response and the industrialization level. The results show that the urban space response to the industries in the Pearl River Delta presented spatio-temporal differences. Coefficient of Urban Space Response to Industrial Structure Evolution was increasing year by year, and was decreasing from inner circles to outer circles, or from urban districts to surrounding counties. According to the strength of the urban space response to the secondary and tertiary industries, the cities and counties in the Pearl River Delta were classified into three categories: 1) consistent response, 2) response partial to secondary industry, and 3) response partial to tertiary industry. The major factors affecting the urban space response strength were economic level, urban population concentration, and regional policy and system. From the results we can conclude that: urban space response is closely related to the industrialization stage. If the industrialization process is faster, urban space response will become stronger. To establish positive interactive relationship between urban space and industries, and achieve sustainable growth, spatial optimization and upgrading of industry should be combined. In the early stage of industrialization, the urban space response is not so strong, the government should establish industrial park and development zone through the planning guidance, promote the development of industry, improve the urbanization rate of land and the development level of the secondary industry. In the middle stage of industrialization, the secondary industry dominates the economy, urban space expands more fast, the urban space response becomes strong. In order to improve the efficiency of construction land, the government should introduce policies to improve the structure of the secondary industry, and to accelerate the development of the tertiary industry. In the late stage of industrialization, the tertiary industry is dominant, but urban space expansion still has inertia, and the urban space response becomes very strong. The government should strengthen the planning management and policy guidance, and define the function of area development, determine the direction of industry and land supply according to the area function.
[ChenWeilian, ZhangHong’ou,Wu Qitao et al. Urban Space Response to the Evolution of Industrial Structure in the Pearl River Delta. , 2014, 34(4):544-552.]
[QiuFangdao, JinNa, Yuan He et al. Spatiotemporal Difference of Influencing Factors and Strength of Urban Space Response to the Transition of Industrial Structure in Xuzhou Metropolitan Area. , 2017,37(10):1459-1468.]
LouisAlbrechts, PatsyHealey, KlausR.Kunzmann. Strategic Spatial Planning and Regional Governance in Europe[J]. , 2003, 69(2):113-129.
Barrie Maguire's image of a woman stitching together the Irish landscape reflects the central question behind this Longer View: What will recent strategic spatial planning efforts in Europe give us? In the case of Northern Ireland, the quilt sewn from separate pieces of the landscape might represent that state's desire to establish cohesion while respecting diversity. Albrechts, Healy, and Kunzmann show that there and elsewhere, spatial planning efforts are stitching together new regional patterns for many parts of Europe. Maguire is a graduate of Notre Dame University and comes from a family of artists. He has worked as a creative director at Hallmark Cards, a book designer and illustrator, and a newspaper editorial illustrator. Since visiting Ireland in 1998, he has focused on painting. He lives in Pennsylvania, and more of his work can be seen on his family's Web site, http://www.maguiregallery.com. This article examines recent experiences in Europe in the preparation and use of strategic spatial frameworks to guide territorial development in city regions. It discusses the recent revival of interest in such strategic planning and the driving forces that create the momentum for it. We examine three cases recognised as in the forefront of this revival: the 1996 Spatial Strategy for the Hanover City Region, the 1997 Spatial Structure Plan for Flanders, and the 2001 Northern Ireland Regional Development Strategy. Each is described in terms of context and motivations, policy approaches and concepts, institutional arenas, impacts, and outcomes. The article concludes with general lessons from these cases and the European experience generally for the enterprise of strategic spatial planning.
[ChenChangyao, YangQingshan, ZhaoHan, et al.The Evolution of Industrial Spatial Layout of Resource-Based Cities—An Empirical Study of Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Enterprises in Tonghua of Jilin Province. , 2017,37(7):131-138.]
[ShenMing, ShenLei, ZhongShuaiet al. The spatial optimization of mineral industrial capacity reduction planning of resource-based cities in China based on ecological sensitive areas Resources Science, 2016, 38(10): 1962-1974].
徐州市统计局. [M]. 北京:中国统计出版社, 2004-2016.
[Xuzhou City Bureau of Statistics. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 2004-2016.]
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The relationship between resource-environment and economic development has become a key research subject in regional sustainable development. Decoupling between them is a basic requirement to achieve comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development of resource-environment and economy-society, and is also an important goal of the regional scientific development. In order to explore the features or rules of the temporal- spatial evolution of the relationship between resource-environment and economic development in China, with the conceptual model of Driving Force-State-Response, this study constructed a regional resources and environmental load index. Using the decoupling theory and the criteria for decoupling degrees based on the improvement of elastic analysis, this paper attempted to make quantitative and comprehensive analyses of the features or rules of temporal-spatial evolution of decoupling degrees between resource-environment and economic development at national and provincial scales, with a time span from 1998 to 2008. The results show that: (1) no matter what the evolution of the time or the space is, the relationship between resource-environment load and economic development was generally in a state of relative decoupling in the country and most of provinces, the order of the evolution was relative decoupling Ⅰ→relative decoupling Ⅱ→relative decoupling Ⅳ→relative decoupling Ⅲ→relative decoupling Ⅱ, and the changes were close to the“normal distribution curve”; (2) according to the division of the four areas: northeastern, eastern, central and western parts of China, the spatial evolution rule of decoupling degrees'comparison of resource-environment and GDP between the nation and the provinces showed that the resource-environmental costs of economic development were lower in the northeast region than in the other regions of China. The resource-environmental costs in the eastern, central and western regions with the rapid economic development showed a declining trend. The resource-environment and the economic development are showing positive interaction in China and they are expected to reach a state of absolute decoupling, which will be helpful for achieving comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development in China.
[ZhaoXingguo, PanYujun, Zhao Bo et al. Temporal-spatial Evolution of the Relationship between Resource-Environment and Economic Development in China: A Method Based on Decoupling. , 2011, 30(6): 706-714.]
[MaLi, JinFengjun, LiuYi.Spatial pattern and industrial sector structure analysis on the coupling and coordinating degree of regional economic development and environmental pollution in China. , 2012, 67(10): 1299-1307.]
The driving factors of spatial heterogeneity in energy consumption-related carbon emission in China was analyzed by the methods of the gravity center migration, exploratory spatial data analysis (ESDA) and geographically weighted regression (GWR) model. Data from China Statistical Yearbook and China Energy Statistical Yearbook between 1997 and 2012 was adopted to evaluate the reliability of the method. The results showed that the gravity center of energy consumption-related carbon emission moved westward in the 16 years. There was a significant positive spatial correlation in energy consumption-related carbon emission among provinces. Global spatial autocorrelation increased first and decreased. Cold spot areas of energy consumption-related carbon emission enhanced, while the hot spot areas shrank in the 16 years. The six influential factors of carbon emission in a descending order were: total population>per capita GDP> proportion of coal consumption>total investment in fixed assets> proportion of second industry> aging rate of population, with aging rate of population the only negative in correlating with carbon emission. There was a significant change in spatial pattern in China. 13 provinces have been included in the super serious carbon emission area by the end of 2012, which reflected that China should strengthen the reduction of carbon emission.