Please wait a minute...
 首页  期刊介绍 期刊订阅 广告合作 联系我们 English
旧版网站  
 
优先出版  |  当期目录  |  过刊浏览  |  热点文章  |  阅读排行  |  下载排行  |  引用排行
地理科学    2018, Vol. 38 Issue (10): 1690-1698     DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.10.013
  本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
徽州传统村落的时空分布及其影响因素
卢松1(),张小军2,张业臣2
1.上海师范大学旅游学院, 上海 200234
2.安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院, 安徽 芜湖 241003
Spatial-temporal Distribution and Controlling Factors of Traditional Villages in Huizhou Region
Song Lu1(),Xiaojun Zhang2,Yechen Zhang2
1. College of Tourism, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, China
2. College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241003, Anhui, China
全文: PDF (3801 KB)   HTML
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)     
摘要 

以徽州地域119个国家级传统村落为研究对象,用GIS技术与方法,从时间和空间两个尺度揭示徽州传统村落的分布特征,探讨影响徽州传统村落时空分布的因素。研究发现:徽州传统村落空间上呈现集聚型分布,沿盆地、邻水及边缘化分布特征明显,表现出“边缘多核心少”的分布格局。黟县遗存的传统村落数量最多,分布密度最高,形成徽州传统村落的主要集聚区,其次是徽州区和歙县,形成徽州传统村落集聚的次级核心区。宋朝(北宋和南宋)和唐代是现存徽州传统村落形成的主要时期,这两个朝代保留下来的古村落最多,分布范围最广。从自然环境和社会经济(人口、交通、城镇化、经济、政策)等方面分析这些分布特点的影响因素。

服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
卢松
张小军
张业臣
关键词 传统村落黟县歙县GIS徽州 
Abstract

Traditional ancient villages are the crystallization of Chinese rural civilization. Carrying out this study is particularly important and urgent for the sustainable development and cultural heritage protection of the traditional villages in the ancient Huizhou. The study chose 119 national traditional villages of the ancient Huizhou by Ministry of housing and urban-rural development of the People’s Republic of China official which has already been released as the research object, and took the methods of literature analysis and GIS spatial analysis as the research way. And the distribution characteristics of the traditional villages in the ancient Huizhou were revealed from the temporal and spatial scales, which were mainly used by the method of the GIS technology. And the factors which affected the temporal and spatial distribution of traditional villages in the ancient Huizhou were also discussed. It is found that the spatial distribution of traditional villages in the ancient Huizhou is clustered, obviously in basin, adjacent water as well as the marginal area, and it presents the distribution pattern that the number of the traditional villages on the around is more than the middle. Specifically, Yixian county has the largest number of traditional villages and the highest distribution density, which has formed the main gathering area of the ancient Huizhou traditional villages, followed by the ancient Huizhou district and Shexian county has formed a secondary core area of ancient Huizhou traditional villages. From the time point of view, the Song Dynasty (Northern Song and Southern Song) and the Tang Dynasty are the main period of the formation of the ancient Huizhou traditional villages, these two dynasties retained the most ancient villages, and the scope distribute are also the most widely. Finally, the article focused on the natural environment, population, transportation, urbanization and economic development level and other factors, which ancient Huizhou traditional villages have showed those distribution characteristics. As well as the research has found that the basin terrain with surrounded landscape, the moved central plains immigrants with all ethnic, the road traffic with less development, the relatively backward social economy and the protection policies with local governments are all the very important conditions for the retention and renewal of the traditional Huizhou villages, and to a certain degree, it has already become the key factor for the spatial and temporal distribution that affected the traditional villages in the ancient Huizhou. And in the long run, it is helpful to study the whole distribution of the traditional villages, which can protect the traditional villages in the ancient Huizhou, and it is also helpful to explore the social, economic and cultural development in the historical period of the ancient Huizhou.

Key wordstraditional villages    Yixian county    Shexian county    GIS    Huizhou
收稿日期: 2017-09-20      出版日期: 2018-12-14
基金资助:国家自然科学基金项目(41371159)资助
引用本文:   
卢松, 张小军, 张业臣 . 徽州传统村落的时空分布及其影响因素[J]. 地理科学, 2018, 38(10): 1690-1698.
Song Lu, Xiaojun Zhang, Yechen Zhang . Spatial-temporal Distribution and Controlling Factors of Traditional Villages in Huizhou Region[J]. SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA, 2018, 38(10): 1690-1698.
链接本文:  
http://geoscien.neigae.ac.cn/CN/10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.10.013      或      http://geoscien.neigae.ac.cn/CN/Y2018/V38/I10/1690
Fig.1  徽州传统村落区位及空间分布核密度
Fig.2  传统村落形成年代空间分布
Fig.3  徽州地形地貌及河流分布
Fig.4  徽州各乡镇2010年人口密度分布
区县名 公路里程数(km) 面积(km2 公路密度
(km/100 km2
黟县 598.00 857.42 69.7441
歙县 1627.00 2122.00 76.6730
休宁县 1309.00 2135.00 61.3115
祁门县 1145.00 2257.00 50.7311
屯溪区 188.00 248.90 75.5323
徽州区 382.00 439.65 86.8873
绩溪县 982.40 1126.00 87.2469
婺源县 2019.31 2947.00 68.5209
Table 1  2014年徽州各区县公路里程数及公路密度
[1] 熊梅. 中国传统村落的空间分布及其影响因素[J].北京理工大学学报(社会科学版),2014,16(5):153-158.
[Xiong Mei.Spatial distribution and influence factors of Chinese traditional villages.Journal of Beijing Institute of Technology(Social Sciences Edition),2014,16(5):153-158.]
[2] 卢松,陆林,徐茗.古村落旅游地旅游环境容量初探——以世界文化遗产西递古村落为例[J].地理研究,2005,24(4):581-590. [Lu Song,Lu Lin, Xu Ming et al. A research on tourism environmental carrying capacity of ancient villages: A case study of world cultural heritage—Xidi Village.Geographical Research,2005,24(4):581-590.]
[3] 郑风田,丁冬.撤村并居中的土地问题:现状、原因与对策[J].现代城市研究,2013(6):20-24. [Zheng Fengtian,Ding Dong.Land issues in village relocation and combination:status,causes and countermeasures.Modern Urban Research,2013(6):20-24.]
[4] 曹迎春, 张玉坤.“中国传统村落”评选及分布探析[J].建筑学报,2013(12):44-49.
[Cao Yingchun, Zhang Yukun.Appraisal and selection of “Chinese traditional village” and study on the village distribution.Architectural Journal,2013(12): 44-49.]
[5] 佟玉权. 基于GIS的中国传统村落空间分异研究[J].人文地理, 2014, 29(4): 44-51.
[Tong Yuquan.Research on the spatial differentiation of Chinese traditional village based on GIS. Human Geography, 2014, 29(4): 44-51.]
[6] 刘大均,胡静,陈君子,.中国传统村落的空间分布格局研究[J].中国人口·资源与环境,2014,24(4): 157-162. [Liu Dajun,Hu Jing, Chen Junzi et al. The study of spatial distribution pattern of traditional villages in China. China Population, Resources and Environment, 2014, 24(4): 157-162.]
[7] 康璟瑶,章锦河,胡欢,.中国传统村落空间分布特征分析[J].地理科学进展,2016,35(7):839-850. [Kang Jingyao, Zhang Jinhe, Hu Huan et al. Analysis on the spatial distribution characteristics of Chinese traditional villages.Progress in Geography,2016,35(7):839-850.]
[8] 刘沛林,董双双. 中国古村落景观的空间意象研究[J].地理研究, 1998,17(1): 31-38. [Liu Peilin,Dong Shuangshuang.Study of landscape-image of Chinese ancient village.Geographical Research,1998,17(1): 31-38.]
[9] 胡最,刘沛林.中国传统聚落景观基因组图谱特征[J].地理学报,2015,70(10):1592-1605. [Hu Zui,Liu Peilin.The conceptual model and characterizations of landscape genome maps of traditional settlements in China.Acta Geographica Sinica,2015,70(10): 1592-1605.]
[10] 刘沛林,刘春腊,邓运员,. 基于景观基因完整性理念的传统聚落保护与开发[J].经济地理, 2009,29(10): 1731-1736.
[Liu Peilin,Liu Chunla,Deng Yunyuan et al. Study on ancient villages protection and devolopment which based on the concept of landscape-gene’s integrity.Economic Geography, 2009,29(10):1731-1736.]
[11] 刘沛林,刘春腊,邓运员,. 中国传统聚落景观区划及景观基因识别要素研究[J]. 地理学报, 2010,65(12):1496-1506. [Liu Peilin,Liu Chunla,Deng Yunyuan et al. Landscape division of traditional settlement and effect elements of Landscape Gene in China.Acta Geographica Sinica,2010,65(12): 1496-1506.]
[12] 李伯华,尹莎,刘沛林,.湖南省传统村落空间分布特征及影响因素分析[J].经济地理,2015,35(2):189-194. [Li Bohua, Yin Sha, Liu Peilin et al. Spatial distribution of traditional villages and the influencing factors in Hunan Province. Economic Geography, 2015,35(2):189-194.]
[13] 龚胜生,李孜沫,胡娟,.山西省古村落的空间分布与演化研究[J].地理科学,2017,37(3):416-425.
[Gong Shengsheng, Li Zimo, Hu Juan et al. The spatial distribution and evolution of ancient villages in Shanxi Province. Scientia Geographica Sinica,2017,37(3):416-425.]
[14] 冯亚芬,俞万源,雷汝林.广东省传统村落空间分布特征及影响因素研究[J].地理科学,2017,37(2):236-243.
[Feng Yafen, Yu Wanyuan, Lei Rulin.Spatial distribution features and controlling factors of traditional villages in Guangdong Province. Scientia Geographica Sinica,2017,37(2):236-243.]
[15] 焦胜,郑志明,徐峰,.传统村落分布的“边缘化”特征——以湖南省为例[J].地理研究,2016,35(8):1525-1534. [Jiao Sheng,Zheng Zhiming, Xu Feng et al. The marginal tendency of the traditional village distribution:The case study of Hunan Province.Geographical Research,2016,35(8):1525-1534.]
[16] 陆林,葛敬炳.徽州古村落形成与发展的地理环境研究[J].安徽师范大学学报(自然科学版),2007,30(3):377-382.
[Lu Lin,Ge Jingbing.Research on geographical environment of the formation and development of Huizhou ancient village.Journal of Anhui Normal University (Natural Science),2007,30(3):377-382.]
[17] 李东和,孟影.古民居保护与旅游利用模式研究——以黄山市徽州古民居为例[J].人文地理,2012,27(2):151-155.
[Li Donghe, Meng Ying.Research on protection and tourism utilization modes of ancient dwelling houses:A case Huizhou ancient dwelling houses in Huangshan City.Human Geography,2012,27(2):151-155.]
[18] 周永广,吴文静.皖南古村落群旅游深度开发研究——以黄山乡村旅游国家示范区为例[J].经济地理,2009,29(10):1737-1742.
[Zhou Yongguang,Wu Wenjing.Further tourism development of Huizhou ancient villages in south Anhui:A case study of national rural tourism demonstration in Huangshan.Economic Geography,2009,29(10):1737-1742.]
[19] 卢松,陈思屹,潘蕙.古村落旅游可持续性评估的初步研究——以世界文化遗产地宏村为例[J].旅游学刊,2010,25(1):17-25. [Lu Song,Chen Siyi,Pan Hui.Preliminary study on the assessment of tourism sustainability in ancient village:Taking world cultural heritage site Hongcun as an example.Tourism Tribun,2010,25(1):17-25.]
[20] 黄成林. 徽州文化景观初步研究[J].地理研究,2000,19(3):257-263.
[Huang Chenglin.The prepliminary studies on cultural landscape of Huizhou.Geographical Research,2000,19(3):257-263.]
[21] 陆林,凌善金,焦华富,.徽州古村落的景观特征及机理研究[J].地理科学,2004,24(6):660-665.
[Lu Lin, Ling Shanjin, Jiao Huafu et al. Landscape features and mechanism of Huizhou ancient village. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 2004,24(6):660-665.]
[22] 程晓丽, 史杜芳. 皖南国际文化旅游示范区文化资源丰度评价[J]. 地理科学,2017,37(5):766-772.
[Cheng Xiaoli, Shi Dufang.The evaluation of cultural resources abundance in international tourism culture demonstration zone of the Southern Anhui Province. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 2017, 37(5): 766-772.
[23] 陆林,凌善金,焦华富,.徽州古村落的演化过程及其机理[J].地理研究,2004,23(5):686-694. [Lu Lin, Ling Shanjin, Jiao Huafu et al. Study on evolution process and mechanism of Huizhou ancient village. Geographical Research, 2004, 23(5): 686-694.]
[24] 黟县地方志编纂委员会.黟县志[M].合肥:黄山书社,2012:61-126.
[Yixian County Local Chronicles Compilation Committee.Yixian county chronicles.Hefei: Huangshan Publishing House,2012:61-126.]
[25] 休宁县志地方志编委会.休宁县志[M].合肥:黄山书社,2012:60-203.
[Xiuning County Local Chronicles Compilation Committee.Xiuningxian county chronicles.Hefei: Huangshan Publishing House,2012:60-203.]
[26] 歙县志地方志编委会.歙县志[M].合肥:黄山书社,2010:1398-1472.
[Shexian County Local Chronicles Compilation Committee.Shexian county chronicles.Hefei: Huangshan Publishing House,2010:1398-1472.]
[27] 中国统计数据库.黄山市统计年鉴(2015)[DB/OL]..
[China’s Statistics Database.Huangshan statistical yearbook in2015.,2016-5-11.]
[28] 中国统计数据库.宣城统计年鉴(2015)[DB/OL].https://www.shujuku.org/statistical-yearbook-of-xuancheng.html/,2017-1-8.
[China’s Statistics Database.Xuancheng statistical yearbook in 2015.,2017-1-8.]
[29] 中国统计数据库.上饶统计年鉴(2015)[DB/OL].2015:3-76.,2017-3-5.
[China’s Statistics Database.Shangrao statistical yearbook in 2015.
[30] 胡海胜,王林.中国历史文化名镇名村空间结构分析[J].地理与地理信息科学,2008,24(3):109-112.
[Hu Haisheng, Wang Lin.Research on spatial configuration of historical and cultural towns(villages) in China.Geography and Geo-Information Science, 2008, 24(3): 109-112.]
[31] 吴必虎,唐子颖.旅游吸引物空间结构分析——以中国首批国家4A级旅游区(点)为例[J].人文地理,2003,18(1):1-5. [Wu Bihu, Tang Ziying.A Study on spatial structure of national 4A grade tourism attractions in China. Human Geography, 2003,18(1):1-5.]
[32] 安徽省徽州地区地方志编纂委员会.徽州地区简志[M].合肥:黄山书社,1989:50-98.
[Local Chronicles Compilation Committee in Huizhou of Anhui Province.Brief history of Huizhou.Hefei:Huangshan Publishing House Press,1989:50-98.]
[33] 陆林,凌善金,焦华富.徽州村落[M].合肥:安徽人民出版社,2005:2-140.
[Lu Lin, Ling Shanjin, Jiao Huafu et al. Huizhou ancient village. Hefei:Anhui People’s Publishing House Press, 2005:2-140.]
[34] 车震宇. 旅游开发背景下传统村落的形态变化研究——以黄山市、大理州和丽江市村落为例[D].广州:中山大学,2005.
[Che Zhengyu.Morphological changes of traditional villages in a tourism context.Guangzhou:Doctoral Dissertation of Sun Yat-Sen University,2005.]
[1] 邹君,刘媛,谭芳慧,刘沛林. 传统村落景观脆弱性及其定量评价——以湖南省新田县为例[J]. 地理科学, 2018, 38(8): 1292-1300.
[2] 李伯华,周鑫,刘沛林,陈驰,刘一曼. 城镇化进程中张谷英村功能转型与空间重构[J]. 地理科学, 2018, 38(8): 1310-1318.
[3] 麻学锋,刘玉林. 基于三要素的张家界旅游城镇化响应测度及影响机制[J]. 地理科学, 2018, 38(8): 1346-1356.
[4] 吴吉林,周春山,谢文海. 传统村落农户乡村旅游适应性评价与影响因素研究——基于湘西州6个村落的调查[J]. 地理科学, 2018, 38(5): 755-763.
[5] 钟业喜,傅钰,郭卫东,邱静. 中国上市公司总部空间格局演变及其驱动因素研究[J]. 地理科学, 2018, 38(4): 485-494.
[6] 林琳,郝珊,杨莹,钟志平,蒙美昀,田嘉铄. 老年人自评健康的能力-压力模型研究——以广州社区为例[J]. 地理科学, 2018, 38(4): 548-556.
[7] 王嵩,孙才志,范斐. 基于共生理论的中国沿海省市海洋经济生态协调模式研究[J]. 地理科学, 2018, 38(3): 342-350.
[8] 傅辰昊,周素红,闫小培,柳林. 广州市零售商业中心消费活动时变模式及其影响因素[J]. 地理科学, 2018, 38(1): 20-30.
[9] 柯丽娜,张一民,韩旭,王辉,王权明,王利. 基于GIS建模的海水环境质量可变模糊识别评价[J]. 地理科学, 2017, 37(8): 1251-1258.
[10] 韩娟,金晓斌,张志宏,孙伟,徐心茹,周寅康. 中国住宅出让地价发育特征及其影响因素分析[J]. 地理科学, 2017, 37(4): 573-584.
[11] 冯亚芬,俞万源,雷汝林. 广东省传统村落空间分布特征及影响因素研究[J]. 地理科学, 2017, 37(2): 236-243.
[12] 颜阁,梁收运,赵红亮. 基于GIS的斜坡单元划分方法改进与实现[J]. 地理科学, 2017, 37(11): 1764-1770.
[13] 孔翔,卓方勇. 文化景观对建构地方集体记忆的影响——以徽州呈坎古村为例[J]. 地理科学, 2017, 37(1): 110-117.
[14] 彭建超,钱畅,吴群,Dirk Strijker,Frans Sijtsma. 基于SoftGIS的土地利用地域性认同测度研究——以荷兰为例[J]. 地理科学, 2016, 36(3): 401-409.
[15] 张小英,巫细波. 广州购物中心时空演变及对城市商业空间结构的影响研究[J]. 地理科学, 2016, 36(2): 231-238.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《地理科学》编辑部
地址:长春市高新北区盛北大街4888号 邮编:130102 电话:+86 431 85542324 E-mail: geoscien@neigae.ac.cn
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn