Please wait a minute...
 首页  期刊介绍 期刊订阅 广告合作 联系我们 English
旧版网站  
 
优先出版  |  当期目录  |  过刊浏览  |  热点文章  |  阅读排行  |  下载排行  |  引用排行
地理科学    2018, Vol. 38 Issue (10): 1707-1714     DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.10.015
  本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
江南丘陵地区乡村聚落地域分异特征研究——以湖南省为例
谭雪兰1,2(),安悦1,蒋凌霄1,谭洁1,周国华2()
1. 湖南农业大学资源环境学院,湖南 长沙 410128
2. 湖南师范大学资源与环境学院,湖南 长沙 410081
Regional Differentiation Rule of Rural Settlements in the South of the Yangtze River: A Case Study of Hunan Province
Xuelan Tan1,2(),Yue An1,Lingxiao Jiang1,Jie Tan1,Guohua Zhou2()
1. College of Resources and Environment, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128, Hunan, China
2. Department of Resources and Environment Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, Hunan, China
全文: PDF (2544 KB)   HTML
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)     
摘要 

以江南丘陵湖南地区为研究对象,通过对18个抽样村进行实地走访与问卷调查,从乡村聚落的居住条件、居住设施和乡村居民的生产生活形态等方面,探讨江南丘陵湖南地区乡村聚落空间地域分异特征与规律。研究表明:乡村聚落研究是江南丘陵地区乡村聚落空间布局优化与调控的基础。由于地域范围广泛,区域内的资源禀赋与地域组合、经济发展基础、文化传统等条件差异悬殊,因此江南丘陵湖南地区乡村聚落发展的地域分异规律较为明显,在聚落空间格局(规模、密度、形态)、居住条件(住房面积、住房结构、建筑特色)、居住设施(道路、饮水安全、网络电视开通率等基础与公共服务设施)和生产生活形态等方面呈现出较为显著的盆地-丘陵-低山区、发达-欠发达-落后、近郊-远郊-偏远等地貌、经济、区位梯度差异。

服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
谭雪兰
安悦
蒋凌霄
谭洁
周国华
关键词 乡村聚落地域分异江南丘陵地区湖南省 
Abstract

In recent years, with the rapid industrialization and urbanization in China, the rapid development of the rural economy and the increase in the incomes of peasants have brought tremendous changes in the production, living spaces, structures and functions of rural settlements, and serious problems regarding the ecological environment. The smooth implementation of urban and rural development strategies will be seriously affected and constrained by these changes. Rural settlement spatial structure reorganization, the integration of urban and rural areas, the evolution of rural settlement spatial patterns and other fields have been hot issues in recent academic research. The method of participatory rural appraisal was adopted in this study. Through field visits and survey questionnaires conducted in 18 sample villages in the south of the Yangtze River of Hunan Province, data on the living conditions and patterns, the facilities for settlements and production, the living patterns of rural residents, and the characteristics and laws of the regional differentiation of rural settlement spaces were collected and analyzed. The results show that the spatial patterns of rural settlements are the basis for the optimization and regulation of rural settlement spatial distributions in the hilly areas of the south of the Yangtze River. Due to the great disparity in resource endowments and geographical combinations, the basis of economic development and cultural tradition in the area, and wide geographical scope, the regional differentiation of rural settlement development in Hunan's hilly areas are more obvious. The regional differentiation rule of the rural settlements in the south of the Yangtze River of China is also evident. Gradient differences lie in the pattern characteristics (size, density, shape), living conditions (housing area, housing structure, architectural features), living facilities (roads, drinking water safety, opening rates of network television, and other basic and public service facilities), production and life forms in the area of basin-hilly-low mountainous , developed-underdeveloped- backward, suburban-outher suburban-remote landforms.

Key wordsrural settlements    geographical differentiation    the hilly areas of south of the Yangtze River    Hunan Province
收稿日期: 2018-03-13      出版日期: 2018-12-14
基金资助:国家自然科学基金 (41571168,41201175,41471145)、湖南省自然科学基金(2016JJ3075)、湖南省哲学社会科学基金(14YBA209)资助
引用本文:   
谭雪兰, 安悦, 蒋凌霄等 . 江南丘陵地区乡村聚落地域分异特征研究——以湖南省为例[J]. 地理科学, 2018, 38(10): 1707-1714.
Xuelan Tan, Yue An, Lingxiao Jiang et al . Regional Differentiation Rule of Rural Settlements in the South of the Yangtze River: A Case Study of Hunan Province[J]. SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA, 2018, 38(10): 1707-1714.
链接本文:  
http://geoscien.neigae.ac.cn/CN/10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.10.015      或      http://geoscien.neigae.ac.cn/CN/Y2018/V38/I10/1707
Fig.1  江南丘陵湖南地区18个抽样村的空间分布
Table 1  2015年江南丘陵湖南地区典型抽样村乡村聚落的规模与密度
Fig.2  2015年江南丘陵湖南地区农村人口的空间分布
Fig.3  2015年江南丘陵湖南地区18个抽样村人均与户均住房建筑面积
Fig.4  2015年江南丘陵湖南地区18个抽样村人均住宅建筑面积与人均纯收入
Fig.5  2015年江南丘陵湖南地区18个抽样村农村住宅结构
Fig.6  2015年江南丘陵湖南地区18个抽样村农村住宅建造时间
Fig.7  江南丘陵湖南地区汉族、侗族、苗族民居示意图
Fig.8  2015年江南丘陵湖南地区18个抽样村住房满意度
Fig.9  2015年江南丘陵湖南地区不同地貌类型区的饮水安全率、道路通达率、网络电视开通率
[1] 谭雪兰, 周国华, 朱苏晖, . 长沙市农村居民点景观格局变化及地域分异特征研究[J]. 地理科学, 2015, 35(2): 204-210.
[Tan Xuelan, Zhou Guohua, Zhu Suhui et al. Landscape pattern changes and the characteristic of spatio-temporal differentiation of rural residential area in Changsha in recent 20 years. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 2015, 35(2): 204-210.]
[2] 郑文升, 姜玉培, 罗静, . 平原水乡乡村聚落空间分布规律与格局优化——以湖北公安县为例[J]. 经济地理, 2014, 34(11): 120-127.
[Zheng Wensheng, Jiang Yupei, Luo Jing et al. The spatial distribution and pattern optimization of rural settlements in plain water area: a case of Gong′an, Hubei. Economic Geography, 2014, 34(11): 120-127.]
[3] Carrion F C, Irwin E G.Determinants of residential land-use conversion and sprawl at the rural-urban fringe[J]. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 2004, 86(4): 889-904.
[4] 龙花楼. 论土地整治与乡村空间重构[J]. 地理学报, 2013, 68(8): 1019-1028.
[Long Hualou.Land consolidation and rural spatial restructuring. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2013, 68(8): 1019-1028.]
[5] 唐承丽, 贺艳华, 周国华, . 基于生活质量导向的乡村聚落空间优化研究[J]. 地理学报, 2014, 69(10): 1459-1472. [Tang Chengli, He Yanhua, Zhou Guohua et al. The research on optimization mode of spatial organization of rural settlements oriented by life quality. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2014, 69(10): 1459-1472.]
[6] 王成,费智慧,叶琴丽,.基于共生理论的村域尺度下农村居民点空间重构策略与实现[J].农业工程学报,2014,30(3):205-214. [Wang Cheng, Fei Zhihui, Ye Qinli et al. Rural settlement space reconstruction strategy and implementation based on symbiosis theory on village scale. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 2014, 30(3): 205-214.]
[7] Linard C, Gilbert M, Snow R W et al. Population distribution, settment patterns and accessibility across Africa in 2010[J]. PlosOne,2012,7(2): 31-43.
[8] Ahmed S.Spatial patterns of rural and exurban residential settlement and agricultural trends in the Intermountain West[D]. Logan:Utah State University, 2015.
[9] 李全林, 马晓东, 沈一. 苏北地区乡村聚落的空间格局[J]. 地理研究, 2012,31(1):144-154. [Li Quanlin, Ma Xiaodong, Shen Yi.Analysis of spatial pattern of rural settlements in northern Jiangsu. Geographical Research, 2012,31(1):144-154.]
[10] 单勇兵, 马晓东, 仇方道.苏中地区乡村聚落的格局特征分析及类型划分[J]. 地理科学, 2012, 32(11):1340-1347. [Shan Yongbing, Ma Xiaodong, Qiu Fangdao.Distribution patterns characteristics and type classification of the rural settlements in Central Jiangsu Province. Scientia Geographica Sinica,2012,32(11):1340-1347.]
[11] 张荣天,张小林,李传武.镇江市丘陵区乡村聚落空间格局特征及其影响因素分析[J].长江流域资源与环境,2013,22(3):272-278. [Zhang Rongtian, Zhang Xiaolin, Li Chuanwu.Spatial pattern and influencing factors of rural settlements in Zhenjiang hilly area. Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin,2013,22(3):272-278.]
[12] 朱彬, 张小林, 马晓东. 苏北地区乡村聚落的空间格局及其影响因子分析[J]. 农业现代化研究, 2014, 35(4):453-459. [Zhu Bin, Zhang Xiaolin, Ma Xiaodong.The spatial pattern of rural settlements and influencing factors in Northern Jiangsu area. Research of Agricultural Modernization,2014,35(4):453-459.]
[13] 邹利林, 王建英. 中国农村居民点布局优化研究综述[J]. 中国人口·资源与环境, 2015,25(4):59-68.
[Zou Lilin, Wang Jianying.Review of research on layout optimization of rural settlements in China. China Population, Resources and Environment, 2015,25(4): 59-68.]
[14] 中华人民共和国国家统计局. 中国统计年鉴2016[M]. 北京: 中国统计出版社, 2016.
[Statistical Bureau of China. China Statistical Yearbook 2016. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 2016.]
[15] 刘洪顺, 王继新, 梁红. 江南红黄壤丘陵区土壤湿度模拟和季节性干旱的研究[J]. 长江流域资源与环境, 1995, 4(3):251-256.
[Liu Hongshun, Wang Jixin, Liang Hong.Simulation of soil moisture and study on seasonal soil drought in the red-yellow soil zone South of Yangtze River. Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Valley, 1995,4(3):251-256.]
[16] 夏方舟, 严金明, 刘建生.农村居民点重构治理路径模式的研究[J]. 农业工程学报, 2014,30(3):215-222. [Xia Fangzhou, Yan Jinming, Liu Jiansheng.Research on governance path of rural settlements reconstruction patterns. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 2014, 30(3): 215-222.]
[17] 谭雪兰, 于思远, 欧阳巧玲, . 快速城市化区域农村空心化测度与影响因素研究——以长株潭地区为例[J].地理研究,2017, 36(4):684-694. [Tan Xuelan, Yu Siyuan, Ouyang Qiaoling et al. Assessment and influencing factors of rural hollowing in the rapid urbanization region: A case study of Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan urban agglomeration. Geographical Research, 2017, 36(4):684-694.]
[18] 湖南省统计局. 湖南统计年鉴2016[M]. 北京: 中国统计出版社, 2016.
[Statistical Bureau of Hunan Province. Hunan Statistical Yearbook 2016. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 2016.]
[19] 张佰林, 张凤荣, 曲宝德, . 山东省沂水县农村非农化程度差异及驱动力[J]. 地理学报, 2015,70(6):1008-1021. [Zhang Bailin, Zhang Fengrong, Qu Baode et al. Rural non-agricultural differences and their driving forces at the county level: A case study of 16 villages in Yishui, Shandong, East China. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2015,70(6):1008-1021.]
[20] 方健, 杨兴柱, 朱琳. 黄山市乡村聚落空间格局特征及其影响因素[J]. 热带地理, 2017, 37(2):277-285,292. [Fang Jian, Yang Xingzhu, Zhu Lin.Spatial pattern of rural settlements in Huangshan and its influencing factors. Tropical Geography, 2017, 37(2):277-285,292.]
[21] 贺艳华, 曾山山, 唐承丽, .中国中部地区农村聚居分异特征及形成机制[J]. 地理学报, 2013, 68(12): 1643-1656.
[He Yanhua, Zeng Shanshan, Tang Chengli et al. Differentiation characteristics and forming mechanism of rural settlements in Central China. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2013, 68(12):1643-1656.]
[22] 颜浦华, 陈涛, 刘宏成. 湖南传统民居的典型户型研究[J].中外建筑, 2012(8): 49-51.
[Yan Puhua, Chen Tao, Liu Hongcheng.The research on apartment layout of traditional folk dwellings in Hunan.Chinese & Overseas Architecture, 2012(8):49-51.]
[1] 谭雪兰,于思远,陈婉铃,欧阳巧玲,贺艳华,周国华. 长株潭地区乡村功能评价及地域分异特征研究[J]. 地理科学, 2017, 37(8): 1203-1210.
[2] 谭雪兰,周国华,朱苏晖,欧聪. 长沙市农村居民点景观格局变化及地域分异特征研究[J]. 地理科学, 2015, 35(2): 203-209.
[3] 谭雪兰, 周国华, 朱苏晖, 欧聪. 长沙市农村居民点景观格局变化及地域分异特征研究[J]. 地理科学, 2015, 35(2): 204-210.
[4] 李红波,张小林,吴江国,朱彬. 苏南地区乡村聚落空间格局及其驱动机制[J]. 地理科学, 2014, 34(4): 438-446.
[5] 郭晓东,马利邦,张启媛. 陇中黄土丘陵区乡村聚落空间分布特征及其基本类型分析——以甘肃省秦安县为例[J]. 地理科学, 2013, 33(1): 45-51.
[6] 单勇兵,马晓冬,仇方道. 苏中地区乡村聚落的格局特征及类型划分[J]. 地理科学, 2012, 32(11): 1340-1347.
[7] 朱竑, 安宁. 清代顺、康、雍、乾时期文字狱的地域分异研究[J]. 地理科学, 2011, 31(1): 7-14.
[8] 黄初龙, 邓伟. 东北区农业水资源可持续利用地域分异的因子分析[J]. 地理科学, 2006, 26(3): 284-291.
[9] 熊鹰, 王克林, 吕辉红, 许联芳. 湖南省耕地动态变化及驱动机制研究[J]. 地理科学, 2004, 24(1): 26-30.
[10] 黄劲松, 周生路, 彭补拙. 地域分异的灰色聚类方法研究——以温州市为例[J]. 地理科学, 2001, 21(6): 525-530.
[11] 张甲(王申), 曹军, 陶澍. 土壤水溶性有机物吸着系数及其影响因素研究[J]. 地理科学, 2001, 21(5): 423-427.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《地理科学》编辑部
地址:长春市高新北区盛北大街4888号 邮编:130102 电话:+86 431 85542324 E-mail: geoscien@neigae.ac.cn
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn