Please wait a minute...
 首页  期刊介绍 期刊订阅 广告合作 联系我们 English
旧版网站  
 
优先出版  |  当期目录  |  过刊浏览  |  热点文章  |  阅读排行  |  下载排行  |  引用排行
地理科学    2018, Vol. 38 Issue (10): 1715-1723     DOI: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.10.016
  本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
北京地区城市热岛强度长期变化特征及气候学影响机制
黄群芳1,2(),陆玉麒2
1.江苏第二师范学院城市与资源环境学院,江苏 南京 210013
2.南京师范大学地理科学学院,江苏 南京 210023
Long-term Trend of Urban Heat Island Intensity and Climatological Affecting Mechanism in Bejing City
Qunfang Huang1,2(),Yuqi Lu2
1. College of Urban, Resources and Environmental Science, Jiangsu Second Normal University, Nanjing 210013, Jiangsu, China
2. College of Geographical Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, China
全文: PDF (1402 KB)   HTML
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)     
摘要 

选择北京地区为研究区,基于1967~2016年城市站(北京站)和城郊农村站(密云站)的长期气象观测数据,研究平均气温、最高气温、最低气温对应的城市热岛强度长期变化特征及其气候学影响机制。研究发现,过去50 a平均气温和最低气温对应的城市热岛强度显著增加,增温率分别为0.29℃/10a和0.45℃/10a,而最高气温对应的城市热岛强度则没有明显变化趋势;统计分析显示过去50 a北京地区相对湿度、风速和日照时数显著降低以及气温显著上升有利于城市热岛的形成,强化城市热岛强度;未来全球变暖和快速城市化背景下北京地区城市热岛效应将进一步加剧,形成更频繁和持续时间更长的夏季城市高温热浪,严重危及城市居民生产生活和生命健康。

服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
黄群芳
陆玉麒
关键词 城市热岛强度长期趋势相对湿度风速气压北京地区 
Abstract

Urban heat island (UHI) has an important effect on urban eco-environment, living and production, and physical and mental health of the residents. In addition, urban warming especially summer heat wave caused by UHI significantly affects many aspects of the global economy, such as energy and water consumption, transportation, and social economy. Understanding of long-term trend of urban heat island intensity and its climatological driving mechanism will help the rational urban planning, urban livable construction, and urban sustainable development. Beijing is the center of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei metropolitan area, and has experienced a rapid urbanization process in the past few decades. This study aims to elucidate the long-term trends of UHI intensities of mean air temperature, minimum air temperature, and maximum air temperature and the climatological driving mechanism based on 50 years (1967-2016) meteorological observation data from urban station (Beijing station) and rural station (Miyun station). In the past five decades, the UHI intensities of mean air temperature, and minimum air temperature showed a significant increasing trend with the increasing rates of 0.29℃/decade (r2=0.59, P<0.001) and 0.45℃/decade (r2=0.62, P<0.001) respectively. In contrast, no marked variability trend was observed for the UHI intensities of maximum air temperature. Statistical analysis has shown that relative humidity, wind speed, and sunshine duration decreased significantly and air temperature increased significantly in Beijing over the past 50 years, which is conducive to the formation of UHI and the enhancement of UHI intensity. Multiple stepwise linear regressions showed that relative humidity, maximum wind speed, and atmospheric pressure were the key climatological factors controlling UHI intensities of mean air temperature and minimum air temperature, which could explain 92.4% and 87.6% of variabilities respectively. Atmospheric pressure, relative humidity, and sunshine duration were the key climatological factors controlling UHI intensities of maximum air temperature. Under the background of global warming and rapid urbanization, UHI effect in Beijing will further intensify, resulting in more frequent and prolonged summer urban heat waves, which will seriously endanger urban residents' production, life and health. Therefore, it is necessary to consider the effects of UHI on the future urban planning and construction. By optimizing urban layout, carrying out reasonable road system planning, energy planning and ecosystem planning and other measures, we can alleviate UHI effects and reduce high temperature and heat waves harm caused by UHI.

Key wordsurban heat island intensity    long-term trend    relative humidity    wind speed    atmospheric pressure    Beijing City
收稿日期: 2017-12-23      出版日期: 2018-12-14
基金资助:国家自然科学基金(41430635)资助
引用本文:   
黄群芳, 陆玉麒 . 北京地区城市热岛强度长期变化特征及气候学影响机制[J]. 地理科学, 2018, 38(10): 1715-1723.
Qunfang Huang, Yuqi Lu . Long-term Trend of Urban Heat Island Intensity and Climatological Affecting Mechanism in Bejing City[J]. SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA, 2018, 38(10): 1715-1723.
链接本文:  
http://geoscien.neigae.ac.cn/CN/10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.10.016      或      http://geoscien.neigae.ac.cn/CN/Y2018/V38/I10/1715
Fig.1  气象站位置和北京市土地利用类型(a)及总人口(b)空间分布
Fig.2  日平均气温(a)、日最高气温(b)和日最低气温(c)计算得到的城市热岛强度长期变化
Fig.3  主要气象要素长期气候学变化特征
降水 日照时数 平均风速 最大风速 平均气温 最高气温 最低气温 平均相对湿度 平均气压
平均温热岛强度 r2 0.001 0.287 0.521 0.572 0.591 0.323 0.689 0.725 0.172
P 0.824 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.003
最高温热岛强度 r2 0.047 0.030 0.077 0.008 0.027 0.023 0.032 0.197 0.375
P 0.129 0.244 0.052 0.542 0.259 0.292 0.215 0.001 0.000
最低温热岛强度 r2 0.001 0.310 0.484 0.569 0.579 0.303 0.690 0.703 0.139
P 0.859 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.008
Table 1  城市热岛强度与城区北京站主要气象要素间的线性相关决定系数和显著性水平
Fig.4  城市热岛强度与气象要素关系
Fig.5  城市热岛强度随关键气象要素变化
[1] Stocker T F, Qin D H, Plattner G K. Climate change2013: The physical science basis. Working Group I Contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change[M]. Summary for Policymakers (IPCC, 2013).
[2] Huang Q, Lu Y.The effect of urban heat island on climate warming in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration in China[J]. International journal of environmental research and public health, 2015, 12(8): 8773-8789.
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph120808773      PMID: 4555247     
[3] Stone B.Urban and rural temperature trends in proximity to large US cities: 1951-2000[J]. International Journal of Climatology: A Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 2007, 27(13): 1801-1807.
DOI: 10.1002/joc.1555     
[4] Zhou L, Dickinson R E, Tian Y et al. Evidence for a significant urbanization effect on climate in China[J]. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2004, 101(26): 9540-9544.
[5] Peng J, Ma J, Liu Q et al. Spatial-temporal change of land surface temperature across 285 cities in China: An urban-rural contrast perspective[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2018, 635: 487-497.
[6] Stewart I D.A systematic review and scientific critique of methodology in modern urban heat island literature[J]. International Journal of Climatology, 2011, 31(2): 200-217.
DOI: 10.1002/joc.2141     
[7] United Nations.World urbanization prospects: the 2011 revisions, population division [R]. 2012: 14
[8] Mihalakakou G, Santamouris M, Papanikolaou N et al. Simulation of the urban heat island phenomenon in Mediterranean climates[J]. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 2004, 161(2): 429-451.
[9] 钱佳丽, 朱昊辰, 贺文智, . 上海的雾霾天气特征及影响因素[J].上海节能, 2015(8): 424-430. [Qian Jiali, Zhu Haochen, He Wenzhi et al. Shanghai fog and haze weather characteristics and influencing factors. Shanghai Energy Conservation, 2015 (8): 424-430.]
[10] Xu J, Chang L, Yan F et al. Role of climate anomalies on decadal variation in the occurrence of wintertime haze in the Yangtze River Delta, China[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2017, 599: 918-925.
[11] 姚远, 陈曦, 钱静. 城市地表热环境研究进展[J]. 生态学报, 2018, 38(3): 1134-1147.
[Yao Yuan, Chen Xi, Qian Jing.Research progress on the thermal environment of the urban surfaces. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2018, 38(3): 1134-1147.]
[12] Patz J A, Campbell-Lendrum D, Holloway T et al. Impact of regional climate change on human health[J]. Nature, 2005, 438(7066): 310.
DOI: 10.1038/nature04188      PMID: 16292302     
[13] Meehl G A, Tebaldi C.More intense, more frequent, and longer lasting heat waves in the 21st century[J]. Science, 2004, 305(5686): 994-997.
DOI: 10.1126/science.1098704      PMID: 15310900     
[14] Ward K, Lauf S, Kleinschmit B et al. Heat waves and urban heat islands in Europe: A review of relevant drivers[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2016, 569: 527-539.
[15] Santamouris M.On the energy impact of urban heat island and global warming on buildings[J]. Energy and Buildings, 2014, 82: 100-113.
[16] Huang Q, Lu Y.Urban heat island research from 1991 to 2015: a bibliometric analysis[J]. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 2018, 131(3-4): 1055-1067.
[17] Arnds D, Böhner J, Bechtel B.Spatio-temporal variance and meteorological drivers of the urban heat island in a European city[J]. Theoretical and applied climatology, 2017, 128(1-2): 43-61.
[18] Szegedi S, Kircsi A.The effects of the synoptic conditions on development of the urban heat island in Debrecen, Hungary[J]. Acta Climatologica et Chorologica Universitatis Szegediensis, 2003, 36(37): 111-120.
[19] 王清川, 郭立平, 张绍恢. 不同气象条件下廊坊城市热岛效应变化特征[J]. 气象与环境学报, 2009, 25(6): 44-48. [Wang Qingchuan, Guo Liping, Zhang Shaohui.Urban heat island effect under different meteorological conditions over Langfang Hebei Province. Journal of Meteorology and Enviroment, 2009, 25(6): 44-48.]
[20] 王晓默, 张翠翠, 董宁, . 不同气象条件下济宁城市热岛效应的变化特征[J]. 南京信息工程大学学报, 2016, 8(2): 160-165. [Wang Xiaomo, Zhang Cuicui, Dong Ning et al. Urban heat island effect under different meteorological conditions in Jining of Shandong Province. Journal of Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology: Natural Science Edition, 2016, 8(2):160-165.]
[21] 李丽光, 梁志兵, 王宏博, . 不同天气条件下沈阳城市热岛特征[J]. 大气科学学报, 2011, 34(1): 66-73. [Li Liguang, Liang Zhibing, Wang Hongbo et al. Urban heat island characteristics in Shenyang under different weather conditions. Transactions od Atmospheric Sciences, 2011, 34(1): 66-73.]
[22] Morris C J G, Simmonds I. Associations between varying magnitudes of the urban heat island and the synoptic climatology in Melbourne, Australia[J]. International Journal of Climatology: A Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 2000, 20(15): 1931-1954.
[23] 李兴荣, 胡非, 舒文军, . 北京秋季城市热岛效应及其气象影响因子[J]. 气候与环境研究, 2008, 13(3): 291-299. [Li Xiongrong, Hu Fei, Shu Wenjun et al. Characteristics of urban heat island effect and its meteorological influencing factors over Beijing in autumn. Climatic and Environmental Research, 2008, 13(3): 291-299.]
[24] Liu W, Ji C, Zhong J et al. Temporal characteristics of the Beijing urban heat island[J]. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 2007, 87(1-4): 213-221.
[25] You Q, Jiang Z, Kong L et al. A comparison of heat wave climatologies and trends in China based on multiple definitions[J]. Climate Dynamics, 2017, 48(11-12): 3975-3989.
[26] Li Q, Dong W.Detection and adjustment of undocumented discontinuities in Chinese temperature series using a composite approach[J]. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 2009, 26(1): 143-153.
[27] Li Q, Liu X, Zhang H.Detecting and adjusting temporal inhomogeneity in Chinese mean surface air temperature data[J]. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 2004, 21(2): 260-268.
DOI: 10.1007/BF02915712     
[28] 宋艳玲, 张尚印. 北京市近40年城市热岛效应研究[J]. 中国生态农业学报, 2003, 11(4): 126-129.
[Song Yanling, Zhang Shangyin.The study on heat island effect in Beijing during last 40 year. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2003, 11(4): 126-129.]
[29] Founda D, Pierros F, Petrakis M et al. Interdecadal variations and trends of the Urban Heat Island in Athens (Greece) and its response to heat waves[J]. Atmospheric Research, 2015, 161: 1-13.
[30] Kim Y H, Baik J J.Daily maximum urban heat island intensity in large cities of Korea[J]. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 2004, 79(3-4): 151-164.
[31] Kimura F, Takahashi S.The effects of land-use and anthropogenic heating on the surface temperature in the Tokyo Metropolitan area: A numerical experiment[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 1991, 25(2): 155-164.
[32] Yamashita S.Detailed structure of heat island phenomena from moving observations from electric tram-cars in Metropolitan Tokyo[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 1996, 30(3): 429-435.
[33] Gedzelman S D, Austin S, Cermak R et al. Mesoscale aspects of the Urban Heat Island around New York City[J]. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 2003, 75(1-2): 29-42.
[34] 彭保发, 石忆邵, 王贺封, . 城市热岛效应的影响机理及其作用规律——以上海市为例[J]. 地理学报, 2013, 68(11): 1461-1471. [Peng Baofa, Shi Yishao, Wang Hefeng et al. The impacting mechanism and laws of function of urban heat islands effect: A case study of Shanghai. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2013, 68(11): 1461-1471.]
[35] Morris C J G, Simmonds I, Plummer N. Quantification of the influences of wind and cloud on the nocturnal urban heat island of a large City[J]. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 2001, 40(2): 169-182.
[36] Wild M. Global dimming and brightening: A review[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 2009, 114(D10):D00D16.
[37] Yang Y H, Zhao N, Hao X H et al. Decreasing trend of sunshine hours and related driving forces in North China[J]. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 2009, 97(1-2): 91-98.
[38] Vautard R, Cattiaux J, Yiou P et al. Northern hemisphere atmospheric stilling partly attributed to an increase in surface roughness[J]. Nature Geoscience, 2010, 3(11):756-761.
DOI: 10.1038/ngeo979     
[39] Xu M, Chang C P, Fu Cet al. Steady decline of east Asian monsoon winds, 1969-2000: Evidence from direct ground measurements of wind speed[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 2006, 111(D24):doi:10.1029/2006JD007337.
[40] 李双双, 杨赛霓, 张东海, . 近54年京津冀地区热浪时空变化特征及影响因素[J].应用气象学报, 2015(5): 545-554. [Li Shuangshuang, Yang Saini, Zhang Donghai et al.Patiotemporal variability of heat waves in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region and influencing factors in recent 54 years. Journal of Applied Meteorological Science, 2015(5): 545-554.]
[1] 任惠茹,李国胜,郭腾蛟,张悦,欧阳宁雷. 1950~2011年渤海地区海表风场的季节特征与多尺度变化分析[J]. 地理科学, 2017, 37(9): 1430-1438.
[2] 刘玉英,李宇凡,谢今范,张红. 东北高空湿度变化特征及其与地面气温和降水的关系[J]. 地理科学, 2016, 36(4): 628-636.
[3] 史军,徐家良,谈建国,刘坚刚. 上海地区不同重现期的风速估算研究[J]. 地理科学, 2015, 35(9): 1191-1197.
[4] 谢今范,刘玉英,王玉昆,张亮,于秀晶. 东北地区风能资源空间分布特征与模拟[J]. 地理科学, 2014, 34(12): 1497-1503.
[5] 张克新,潘少明,曹立国. 1961~2010年河西地区平均风速时空变化趋势分析[J]. 地理科学, 2014, 34(11): 1404-1408.
[6] 蒋冲,王飞,刘焱序,穆兴民,李锐. 秦岭南北风速时空变化及突变特征分析[J]. 地理科学, 2013, 33(2): 244-250.
[7] 朱国锋,蒲焘,何元庆,张涛,杜建括,辛惠娟,牛贺文. 横断山区土壤相对湿度时空分异[J]. 地理科学, 2012, 32(7): 872-877.
[8] 张佳华, 孟倩文, 李欣, YANG Li-min. 北京城区城市热岛的多时空尺度变化[J]. 地理科学, 2011, 31(11): 1349-1354.
[9] 柳艳菊, 闫俊岳, 宋艳玲. 近50年南海西沙地区的气候变化特征研究[J]. 地理科学, 2008, 28(6): 804-808.
[10] 俞肇元, 袁林旺, 谢志仁. 江苏沿海海面的多尺度波动过程和趋势预测[J]. 地理科学, 2008, 28(1): 94-99.
[11] 李国平, 肖杰. 青藏高原西部地面反射率的日变化以及与若干气象因子的关系[J]. 地理科学, 2007, 27(1): 63-67.
[12] 王升堂, 邹学勇, 张春来, 程宏. 民勤绿洲边缘带灌丛沙丘防风作用研究[J]. 地理科学, 2007, 27(1): 104-108.
[13] 张一平, 彭贵芬, 张庆平. 城市区域屋顶上与地上的风速和温度特征分析[J]. 地理科学, 1998, 18(1): 45-52.
[14] 夏增禄, 李森熙, 穆从如. 北京地区土壤中镉的分布特征[J]. 地理科学, 1986, 6(3): 277-283.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《地理科学》编辑部
地址:长春市高新北区盛北大街4888号 邮编:130102 电话:+86 431 85542324 E-mail: geoscien@neigae.ac.cn
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn