地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (11): 1817-1827.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.11.009

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基于行动者网络理论的逢简村传统村落空间转型机制解析

杨忍1(), 徐茜2(), 周敬东1, 陈燕纯1   

  1. 1.中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广东 广州510275
    2.广州地理研究所,广东 广州 510070
  • 收稿日期:2017-11-16 修回日期:2018-02-05 出版日期:2018-11-20 发布日期:2018-11-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:杨忍(1984-), 男, 贵州毕节人, 博士, 副教授, 硕导,主要从事乡村地理与土地利用研究。E-mail: yangren0514@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41871177、41801088、41401190)、广州市科技计划项目(201707010097) 、广东省自然科学基金项目(2018A0303130097)资助

Mechanism of Rural Space Transformation in Fengjian Acient Village of Shunde District, Foshan Based on the Actor Network

Ren Yang1(), Qian Xu2(), Jingdong Zhou1, Yanchun Chen1   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, China
    2. Guangzhou Institute of Geography, Guangzhou 510070, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2017-11-16 Revised:2018-02-05 Online:2018-11-20 Published:2018-11-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41871177, 41801088, 41401190), Science and Technology Program of Guangzhou, China (201707010097),The Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province (2018A0303130097)

摘要:

基于行动者网络理论,对顺德区杏坛镇“逢简水乡”的空间重构过程与机制进行分析。结果表明: 逢简村的空间转型过程分为旅游型美丽乡村的建设和运营2个阶段。美丽乡村建设阶段是以地方政府为关键行动者,形成了以权力为核心的自上而下征召的行动者网络,实现了乡村环境的综合整治,为运营阶段做准备。运营阶段的行动者网络发生了转变,村集体、村民和其他下层行动者逐渐拥有更多的话语权,强化村民自治经营能力,增加了村内的公共空间建设并推进功能性空间的转化,进入了社区营造和经营阶段。乡村转型发展的过程中,行动者网络的结构处于时时动态调整的状态,乡村空间转型与重组呈现出一个持续的过程。随着关键行动者目的转变、社区营造机制的引入(征召方式的改变),网络中的行动者角色发生变化,促成行动者网络转变,进而对乡村空间转型与重构产生作用。

关键词: 乡村发展, 空间重构, 行动者网络, 社区营造, 乡村地理学

Abstract:

With China’s rural transformation development, the rural space is facing a significant reconstruction. This article analyzes the process and mechanism of spatial reconstruction of "Fengjian" in Xingtan Town, Shunde District, Foshan City by using the theory of actor network. The results shown that this village had experienced two stages: the construction phase of the tourism-type beautiful countryside and the operation phase of cultural tourism-type village. With the local government acting as the key actor, the actor network of the construction is authority-based and realized the reconstruction of the ecology, living and production space. The operation phase of the network has changed, with the village committee, villagers and other lower-level actors gradually gaining more right to speak, which increased the public space and promoted the transformation of functional space. The mechanism of the actor's network transformation is mainly due to the change of the key actor's purpose, the adoption of the community empowerment (changing the way of enrolment), and the change of the actor's role in the network. As the actor network is in a dynamic process, rural spatial reconstruction is also a continuous process. The reconstruction of the rural space caused the dissolution of rurality. But under protection of the government and the villagers with high awareness of the reserving rural nature, a good demonstration of balancing the villagers’ interest and rurality was present.

Key words: rural development, space reconstruction, Actor Network Theory (ANT), community empowerment, rural geography

中图分类号: 

  • K901.8