地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (11): 1847-1854.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.11.012

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沈阳铁西区社区弹性特征与成因分析

陈玉洁1,2,3(), 张平宇1()   

  1. 1.中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所, 吉林 长春130102
    2.中山大学地理科学与规划学院, 广东 广州 510275
    3. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2017-11-01 修回日期:2018-01-02 出版日期:2018-11-20 发布日期:2018-11-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:陈玉洁(1992-),女,山东滨州人,博士研究生,主要从事城市地理和社会地理研究。E-mail: chenyujie@iga.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571152、41771179)资助

Characteristics of Community Resilience and Causing Reasons in Shenyang Tiexi District

Yujie Chen1,2,3(), Pingyu Zhang1()   

  1. 1. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, Jilin, China
    2.School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2017-11-01 Revised:2018-01-02 Online:2018-11-20 Published:2018-11-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41571152,(41771179)

摘要:

基于问卷数据,运用统计分析、地理探测器,分析沈阳铁西区不同社区弹性差异、影响因素及其成因。研究发现:商品房社区社会弹性、制度弹性、社区资本分值高于单位社区;单位社区的经济弹性、物质弹性分值高于商品房社区。物质弹性、制度弹性对社区资本影响作用较为显著,社会弹性、经济弹性影响作用较小。从制度转型、地方政府、经济发展、社区服务和社会与个人5方面探讨了沈阳铁西区社区弹性成因。沈阳铁西区在搬迁改造、产业转型等冲击下,城市更新过程表现出较强的适应能力和较弱的学习能力,这是社会弹性、经济弹性、制度弹性、物质弹性共同作用的结果。

关键词: 城市再生, 社区弹性, 城区老工业区, 沈阳铁西区

Abstract:

Based on statistical analysis and geographical detector from primary data, this article analyzes the differential community resilience and influential factors and causing reasons in Shenyang Tiexi District. The results indicate that: 1) The respective score of social resilience, institutional resilience and community capital in commercial-house community are higher than those in unit residential community. While the score of economic resilience and physical resilience in commercial-house community is lower than unit residential community’s. 2) Physical resilience and institutional resilience, rather than social resilience and economic resilience, exert a significant effect on community resilience. 3) The comprehensive causing reason of community resilience, contained institutional transformation, local government, economic development, community service, social and individual factors, is put forward. Under the impact of transformation of the relocation, industrial transformation etc, stronger adaptability and weaker learning ability are reflected in the urban regeneration, which is the comprehensive result of social resilience, economic resilience, institutional resilience and physical resilience.

Key words: urban regeneration, community resilience, old industrial area in city, Shenyang Tiexi District

中图分类号: 

  • K901