地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (12): 1943-1951.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.12.001

• •    下一篇

中国留学人员创业园分布及产业特征

姜海宁1,2,3(), 张文忠2,3(), 许树辉4, 陈秋羽1   

  1. 1.浙江师范大学地理与环境科学学院,浙江 金华 321004
    2.中国科学院区域可持续分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    3.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    4.韶关学院地理系,广东 韶关 512005
  • 收稿日期:2017-11-25 修回日期:2018-02-01 出版日期:2018-12-20 发布日期:2018-12-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:姜海宁(1982-),男,江苏徐州人,博士,副教授,主要研究方向为经济地理。E-mail:lig@nwu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41501119、41871170、41771174)、浙江省自然科学基金一般项目(LY19D010009)、浙江省社科联重点项目(2015Z025)、中国博士后科学基金项目(2015M571105)、广东省教育厅项目(2016WTSCX107)资助

The Spatial Distribution and Industrial Characteristics of Overseas Students Pioneer Parks in China

Haining Jiang1,2,3(), Wenzhong Zhang2,3(), Shuhui Xu4, Qiuyu Chen1   

  1. 1.College of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, Zhejiang, China
    2.Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101,China
    3.Institute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101,China
    4.Department of Geography, Shaoguan University, Shaoguan 512005, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2017-11-25 Revised:2018-02-01 Online:2018-12-20 Published:2018-12-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41501119, 41871170, 41771174),Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (General Project)(LY19D010009), Zhejiang Federation of Social Science Association Key Project (2015Z025), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2015M571105), Guangdong Education Department Foundation (2016WTSCX107).

摘要:

以《中国留学人员创业年鉴》为基础数据,采用GIS空间分析技术,运用核密度估计法、L函数和最近邻层次聚类分析等方法,分析2006~2015年中国留学人员创业园空间分布规律以及园区产业集聚特征,结果表明:中国留学人员创业园集聚特征显著,而且随着时间的推移,其多中心趋势明显,集聚规模迅速增大,集聚强度呈“先升后降,但总体增大”趋势;主要集聚于长三角、京津冀和珠三角等地区,尤以前两者最显著,且三大集聚区的集聚强度与集聚规模差异明显,其中长三角留创园的集聚规模最大,京津冀集聚强度最高,而珠三角则比较复杂,其在很小空间尺度范围内服从集聚分布,而在较大空间尺度范围内则服从随机分布;基于不同主导产业的中国留学人员创业园依然集中于长三角、京津冀和珠三角等地区,其主导产业分布格局则差异显著,规律性不强。

关键词: 留学人员创业园, 集聚区, 中国

Abstract:

The spatial distribution and industrial characteristics of Overseas Students Pioneer Parks in China was analyzed by adopting the spatial analysis of GIS and the method of the nuclear density index, L(d) function and nearest neighbor hierarchical clustering algorithm based on data from Returned Chinese Scholars Pioneer Yearbooks from 2006 to 2015. The results show that the Overseas Students Pioneer Parks in China have significant characteristics of spatial concentration. The polycentric trend of Overseas Students Pioneer Parks in China has become increasingly obvious. The agglomeration scale has expanded rapidly and agglomeration degree has gone up first and then decreased as time went on. The Yangtze Delta Region, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, and the Pearl River Delta region are three important concentration areas, especially the former two. There are remarkable differences on the agglomeration degree and agglomeration scale between the above-mentioned three concentration areas. The level of agglomeration scale in the Yangtze Delta Region is the highest, while the centralization degree of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region is much higher than the Yangtze Delta Region. In contrast, the level changes of agglomeration degree and agglomeration scale in the Pearl River Delta region are both very complex. It is in small scale that the Overseas Students Pioneer Parks in the Pearl River Delta region obeyed concentrated distribution, while it obeyed random distribution in large scale. The Overseas Students Pioneer Parks of different leading industries in China mainly are still mainly distributed in the Yangtze Delta Region, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, and the Pearl River Delta region. The difference of the spatial distribution about these leading industries with no obvious regularity is quite significant.

Key words: Overseas Students Pioneer Park, concentration area, China

中图分类号: 

  • K902