地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (12): 1998-2005.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.12.007

• • 上一篇    下一篇

不同犯罪类型受害者报警行为特点及其影响因素分析

柳林1,2(), 宋广文3,4, 肖露子3,4(), 周素红3,4, 宋广钦3,4, 龙冬平3,4   

  1. 1.广州大学地理科学学院公共安全地理信息分析中心,广东 广州 510006
    2.辛辛那提大学地理系,辛辛那提 OH45221-0131,美国
    3.中山大学地理科学与规划学院综合地理信息研究中心,广东 广州 510275
    4.广东省城市化与地理环境空间模拟重点实验室,广东 广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-18 修回日期:2018-03-26 出版日期:2018-12-20 发布日期:2018-12-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:柳林(1965-),男,湖南湘潭人,博士,教授,博导,主要从事犯罪空间模拟、多智能体模拟、GIS 应用等研究。E-mail:liulin2@mail.sysu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFB0505500,2018YFB0505503)、国家自然科学基金重点项目(41531178)、广州市科学研究计划重点项目(201804020016)和广东省自然科学基金研究团队项目(2014A030312010)资助

Characteristics and Effect Factors of Victims' Crime Reporting Behavior of Different Victimization

Lin Liu1,2(), Guangwen Song3,4, Luzi Xiao3,4(), Suhong Zhou3,4, Guangqin Song3,4, Dongping Long3,4   

  1. 1. Center of GeoInformatics for Public Security, School of Geographic Sciences, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, China
    2. Department of Geography, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati OH45221-0131, USA
    3. School of Geography and Planning, Center of Integrated Geographic Information Analysis, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, China
    4. Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-simulation, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2018-01-18 Revised:2018-03-26 Online:2018-12-20 Published:2018-12-20
  • Supported by:
    National Key R&D Program of China (2018YFB0505500, 2018YFB0505503), Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China (41531178), Key Project of Science and Technology Program of Guangzhou City, China (201804020016), Research Team Program of Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, China (2014A030312010).

摘要:

采用问卷调查数据,以理性选择理论为框架,对广州地区扒窃、诈骗、入室盗窃、暴力侵害四大犯罪类型受害者的报警行为进行了分析。研究发现,扒窃和诈骗的发生率较高,但报警率较低;入室盗窃和暴力侵害的发生率较低,但报警率较高。逻辑回归结果表明,损失的财产价值是影响扒窃、诈骗、入室盗窃、暴力侵害受害者报警行为的共同因素,损失越大,报警的可能性越大。此外,户口状态对扒窃报警行为有影响;入室盗窃和暴力侵害的报警行为还受个人客观属性和主观感知的影响。表明西方的理性选择理论框架适用于中国的报警率研究,但在选择具体的衡量指标时应更慎重;在对用公安部门的数据进行犯罪空间分析时,应注意报警率的影响。

关键词: 报警行为, 报警率, 受害者, 扒窃, 诈骗, 入室盗窃, 暴力侵害

Abstract:

Crime data, provided by public security departments, is an important source of research data for crime geography. However, not all victims would report to the police. The relationship between data and the reality of crime and the mechanism of victims reporting behavior are still not covered in China. Based on the theory of general rational choice, we carried out a victim survey in Guangzhou to investigate the crime reporting behavior of theft from person, fraud, burglary and violence and their influence of crime spatial pattern revealed by police data. Results show that the occurrence rates of fraud and theft from person are relatively high but reporting rate is low, while the occurrence rates of burglary and violence are low but reporting rates are high. Logistic models reveal that loss value is the key factor in affecting crime reporting behavior for the four types of crime. The bigger value the loss is, the higher possibility to report crime to the police there will be. What’s more, Hukou status would influence the theft reporting. The reporting behavior of burglary and violence would be affected by victims’ personal objective attributes and subjective sense. This study has approved that the general rational choice theory is applicable to China, but some notice should be taken care of when selecting indicators. Spatial variations for reporting rate of theft from person and burglary may exist, which reminds us that we should pay attention to the influence of crime reporting rate when using the official crime data.

Key words: crime reporting behavior, crime reporting rate, victim, theft from person, fraud, burglary, violence

中图分类号: 

  • K901