地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (12): 2014-2023.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.12.009

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1998~2013年中国地级单元制造业规模与结构高级度协调发展的时空特征

李建新1(), 杨永春1,2(), 蒋小荣3, 王宝君1, 张薇1,4   

  1. 1. 兰州大学资源环境学院,甘肃 兰州 730000
    2. 兰州大学西部环境教育部重点实验室,甘肃 兰州 730000
    3. 湖北文理学院资源环境与旅游学院,湖北 襄阳 441053
    4. 内蒙古师范大学旅游学院,内蒙古 呼和浩特 010022
  • 收稿日期:2017-11-30 修回日期:2018-02-01 出版日期:2018-12-20 发布日期:2018-12-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李建新(1990-),男,江西东乡人,博士研究生,主要从事经济地理与空间规划研究。E-mail:lig@nwu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571155)、中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(lzujbky-2016-269)、兰州大学“一带一路”专项(2018ldbryb025)资助

Spatial-temporal Patterns and Coordination of Manufacturing Scale and Structure in China During 1998-2013

Jianxin Li1(), Yongchun Yang1,2(), Xiaorong Jiang3, Baojun Wang1, Wei Zhang1,4   

  1. 1.School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Western China' s Environmental Systems, Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, China;
    3. College of Resource and Tourism, Hubei University of Arts and Science,Xiangyang 441053, Hubei, China
    4. School of Tourism, Inner Mongolia Normal University, Hohhot 010022, Inner Mongolia, China
  • Received:2017-11-30 Revised:2018-02-01 Online:2018-12-20 Published:2018-12-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41571155), The Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (lzujbky-2016-269), Belt and Road Special Project of Lanzhou University (2018ldbryb025).

摘要:

基于制造业企业级数据,采用产业结构高级度(UPG)指数、GIS、协调度评价模型等方法考察1998~2013年中国地级单元制造业规模与结构高级度协调发展的时空特征。结果表明:制造业规模格局始终呈东部沿海导向下的核心-边缘模式,沿海三大城市群规模优势明显,西南、西北以及青藏地区规模最小。制造业结构高级度格局总体呈“马赛克”式的混合分布模式,东北、黄河中游等传统工业基地的UPG指数下降明显,长三角、珠三角、山东半岛等沿海地区则不断提升。制造业规模与结构高级度间的协调度水平稳定上升,总体由中度失调进入濒临失调阶段,但协调度水平及其成长格局具有“东--西”阶梯式降低特征。

关键词: 制造业规模, 制造业结构, UPG指数, 制造业规模与结构协调, 中国

Abstract:

With the status of "world factory" for China, the coordination between scale and structure of regional manufacturing will be the realistic demand and strategic direction of China's sustainable development in the future. Supported by the research samples of 342 prefecture-level units and enterprise-level data, this article makes a deep analysis on the spatial-temporal characteristics of the coordination for the manufacturing scale and structure in China during the period of 1998-2013 by means of industrial structure up-grade (UPG) index, coordination evaluation model and GIS. The main conclusions of this study are as follows. First, the scale pattern of China's prefecture-level manufacturing industry has always been a core-periphery model oriented by eastern coastal: there is a significant discrepancy in the east and west of ‘Hu Huanyong’ line for the scale, that are the obvious superiorities of three core coastal urban agglomerations (including “the Yangtze River Delta(YRD)”, the “Bohai rim” and “the Pearl River Delta (PRD)”) and the smallest scale of southwest, northwest and Qinghai-Tibet region. Second, there is no obvious gradient attenuation in the spatial pattern of the UPG index, while it showed a mosaic mixed distribution model with an evident decline in traditional heavy industrial bases such as northeast, middle reaches of the Yellow River and a consecutive upgrade in the eastern coastal area especially YRD, PRD, and Shandong Peninsula. Third, it’s an increasing positive correlation between the manufacturing scale and UPG, but their coordination degree has always been at a low level with the transition from moderately unbalanced phase of 1998 to the verge of maladjustment phase in 2013 and the spatial feature for its growth pattern a stepped decrease from the east to the central part then to the west.

Key words: manufacturing scale, manufacturing structure, UPG index, coordination of manufacturing scale and structure, China

中图分类号: 

  • K902