地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (12): 2024-2030.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.12.010

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基于POI数据的西安市快递自提点空间格局及空间关系研究——以菜鸟驿站为例

李钢(), 杨兰, 贺建雄(), 刘倩, 陈曦亮, 薛淑艳   

  1. 西北大学城市与环境学院/陕西省地表系统与环境承载力重点实验室, 陕西 西安 710127
  • 收稿日期:2018-04-09 修回日期:2018-08-04 出版日期:2018-12-20 发布日期:2018-12-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李钢(1979-),男,四川成都人,博导,副教授,主要从事灾害地理、社会地理与旅游地理研究。E-mail:lig@nwu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    西北大学仲英青年学者支持计划(2016)资助

The Spatial Pattern and Organization Relation of the Pickup Points Based On POI Data in Xi’an: Focus on Cainiao Stations

Gang Li(), Lan Yang, Jianxiong He(), Qian Liu, Xiliang Chen, Shuyan Xue   

  1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northwest University, Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Earth Surface System and Environmental Carrying Capacity, Xi’an 710127, Shaanxi, China
  • Received:2018-04-09 Revised:2018-08-04 Online:2018-12-20 Published:2018-12-20
  • Supported by:
    Tang Scholar Program of Northwest University (2016).

摘要:

基于西安市菜鸟驿站和中国邮政速递的POI(point of interest,兴趣点)数据,综合运用数理统计、文本词频分析、空间分析等方法,解析菜鸟驿站的依托组织形式与服务对象类型,空间分布特征与区位选择特征,及其与中国邮政速递的空间竞合关系。研究发现:增菜鸟驿站依托类型以商品销售型为主,社会服务型和个体店铺型次之;其服务对象以社区为主,商业街区、大学城次之;菜鸟驿站空间上呈现“中心城区多,周边区县少”的“内密外疏”格局,并沿东北-西南走向分布; 区位选择特征,大尺度表现为以钟楼为中心,随距离增加,驿站数量呈现出低--低的分布规律;小尺度则在与服务对象出入口距离区间[100,300]内存在二维正态分布; 菜鸟驿站与目标对象直线可达距离平均位于200 m范围以内,且街区活力点与其服务对象主体相适应; 邮政站点与菜鸟驿站均由中心城区向外围区县扩张式发展,前者分布范围更广,二者在地理邻近竞争二者中趋于协同发展。

关键词: 菜鸟驿站, 空间格局, 区位特征, 空间关系, 西安

Abstract:

In the internet economic era, with E-commerce being greatly promoting express industry development, express delivery pickup point has become an important place for urban residents to visit, which is worth studying from the perspective of logistics geography. Based on POI data of Cainiao Station and China Post from Xi’an, using mathematical statistics, text word frequency analysis, spatial analysis and other methods, this paper analyzes Cainiao Station’s dependent organization form and service object types, spatial distribution features and the location selection, as well as the spatial organization relationship with the China Post. The findings are as follows: 1) Cainiao Station mainly depends on the retail shops, social service sites and individual stores; Its service objectives are mainly community-based, also including commercial blocks and university towns; 2) There is an ‘inner dense and outer sparse’ feature in the pattern of ‘more in central urban, less in outer rural’, and the distribution direction is along the northeast and southwest. 3) As for the location selection characteristics, on the large scale view, taking Bell Tower as the center point, the number of the pickup station is in a low-high-low pattern with the increase of the distance. On the small scale view, it has two-dimensional normal distribution in the distance [100,300] meter to the entry and exit of the service objects; 4) The distance between Cainiao Station and service object is within the range of 200 m, and the block activity points are suitable to the service objects; 5) The expanding mode of the postal sites and Cainiao Station is from the center of cities into the peripheral counties with the former has a high distribution and wider radiation range, and spatial relation of them presents a geographic-adjacent-based coordinated competition development trend. According to the above research results, several optimization suggestions are proposed. In addition, under the theoretical perspectives of consumer society and space production, mining its detection function of urban growth and population distribution, and examining its connection with the changes in mass consumer behavior and mode, and exploring its social and cultural significance will be important research directions in the future.

Key words: Cainiao Station, spatial pattern, location characteristics, spatial relations, Xi’an City;

中图分类号: 

  • K928.5