地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (12): 2031-2039.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.12.011

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基于“功能-能力”框架的中国多维福祉测评及区域均衡分析

王圣云1,2(), 翟晨阳3(), 罗颖2, 谭嘉玲2   

  1. 1.南昌大学中国中部经济社会发展研究中心, 江西 南昌 330047
    2.南昌大学经济管理学院, 江西 南昌 330031
    3.华东师范大学城市与区域科学学院, 上海 200062
  • 收稿日期:2017-11-22 修回日期:2018-01-12 出版日期:2018-12-20 发布日期:2018-12-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王圣云(1977-),男,山西河曲人,副研究员,博士,主要研究方向为福祉地理学与区域经济。E-mail:wangshengyun@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41861025,41661116)、2018年江西省社会科学规划项目(18JL01)、2017年江西省研究生创新专项资金(cx2017046)资助

Evaluation of Multidimensional Well-being and Analysis of Regional Equilibrium About China Based on Framework of “Function-Capability”

Shengyun Wang1,2(), Chenyang Zhai3(), Ying Luo2, Jialing Tan2   

  1. 1.Research Center of Central China Economic and Social Development, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330047, Jiangxi, China
    2. School of Economics and Management, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031 Jiangxi, China
    3.School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University,ShangHai,200062,China
  • Received:2017-11-22 Revised:2018-01-12 Online:2018-12-20 Published:2018-12-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41861025,41661116),Social Science Planning Project of Jiangxi Province (18JL01), 2017 Jiangxi Province Graduate Innovation Special Fund Project (cx2017046).

摘要:

基于“功能-能力”框架构建中国多维福祉测评指标体系,对1995~2014年中国省级区域多维福祉水平、空间差异以及功能与能力福祉的区域均衡类型进行研究发现:中国功能福祉与能力福祉水平均有明显提升。四大区域功能福祉水平由高到低依次为东部、东北、中部和西部地区,能力福祉水平东部最高、中部最低,西部与东北较为接近。整体来看,中国功能福祉的省际差异缩小,能力福祉的省际差异有所扩大。中国各省份功能福祉与能力福祉的发展大致经历了“功能福祉主导→能力福祉主导→较高水平协调”的不断优化演进过程,提高能力福祉向功能福祉的转换效率是促进中国综合福祉提升及其协调发展的关键。

关键词: 可行能力, 多维福祉, 空间差异, 区域均衡

Abstract:

Constructing the index system for evaluating on China’s multidimensional well-being based on framework of “function-capability”, studying its level and the spatial difference during 1995-2014 and the evolution of equilibrium types of development about function and capability, it was found that: 1) From 1995 to 2014, China's function well-being and capability well-being were all significantly improved. Before 2000, the level of function well-being was low and conversion efficiency from capability to function was poor. After 2000, the level of function well-being in China has been above the level of capability well-being, and has continued to improve. However, there was no obvious increase in capability well-being until 2006. 2) In China, the levels of function well-being in the four regions from high to low in turn for eastern, northeast, central and western regions, the highest level of capabilityis eastern, the lowest is central, and western is close to northeast. As for inter-provincial comparison, the functional well-being of Beijing and Shanghai was obviously higher than other provinces. Obviously China’s function well-being showed eastern superiority. With higher levels of capability well-being in Beijing, Shanghai and Qinghai Provinces, China’s capability well-being didn’t show a gradual diminishing spatial pattern from east to west. 3) As a whole, provincial spatial difference of our country about function well-being is reduce, while the provincial spatial difference of capability well-being is first increase to reduce. Before 2005, the level of function well-being in Beijing and Shanghai has risen sharply, thus, inter-provincial difference in function well-being have been widened. After 2005, as the functional well-being of other provinces developed rapidly, spatial difference tended to shrink. As for capability well-being, the provincial difference had been narrowed before 1997, and had been gradually expanded in 1997-2011, since 2011, the provincial differencehas been slowly narrowing. 4) The development of function and capability have experienced a certain period about “function dominance-capability dominance-higher level coordination”. The timing of the types about coordination varies from province to province, but the relationship between function well-being and capability well-being is constantly being optimized. Improving the transfer efficiency from capability well-being to function well-being is the key to improving the well-being and its coordinated development of our country.

Key words: capability approach, multidimensional well-being, spatial difference, reginal equilibrium

中图分类号: 

  • F126