地理科学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (12): 2066-2073.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2018.12.015

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浙江陆路交通对区域旅游空间结构及发展的影响研究

李一曼1(), 修春亮2, 孔翔1()   

  1. 1. 华东师范大学中国现代城市研究中心/华东师范大学城市与区域科学学院, 上海 200241
    2. 东北师范大学地理科学学院, 吉林 长春 130024
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-08 修回日期:2018-02-10 出版日期:2018-12-20 发布日期:2018-12-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李一曼(1987-),男,浙江温州人,博士研究生,主要从事城乡规划、旅游地理研究。E-mail:lig@nwu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41771156,41871162)资助

Influence of Land Transportation Network Evolution on Spatial Structure and Development of Regional Tourism in Zhejiang Province

Yiman Li1(), Chunliang Xiu2, Xiang Kong1()   

  1. 1. The Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
    2. School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, Jilin, China
  • Received:2017-12-08 Revised:2018-02-10 Online:2018-12-20 Published:2018-12-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41771156,41871162).

摘要:

基于加权平均出行时间、“板块旅游”空间结构理论、空间计量模型等方法,探讨1996~2016年浙江陆路交通对区域旅游空间结构及发展影响。研究表明:交通路网建设带来城市可达性提升,其地理过程、格局呈现围绕“四大都市区”轴带放射状“Π型”演变特征。交通网络效应下,新增景区密集分布于邻近中心城市主要对外交通要道两侧,耦合于可达性时空演变,且“板块”旅游地域结构特征显著。空间计量结果发现,交通区位、经济基础、资源禀赋等因素不同程度影响地域旅游经济发展。

关键词: 旅游空间结构, 可达性, 空间计量模型, 浙江

Abstract:

Taking Zhejiang Province as the research object, using the weighted average travel time, plate “tourism” theory of spatial structure, spatial econometric model, and based on the “accessibility” perspective or clues to explore the influence of land transportation network evolution on spatial structure and organization of regional tourism and tourism economic development during 1996 to 2016. The results show that: 1) With the construction and improvement in the road and railway network of the county level road, which brings significant time-space compression effect, node cities accessibility have varying degrees of improvement, also have basically entered the “2-4 hour circle”, and its geographical process and pattern appeared around the four metropolitan area shaft radial “Π” spatial structure dynamic evolution. 2) With the effect of traffic network, more than 4A scenic spots are densely distributed over the 10 km buffer zone of the main central traffic routes in the neighboring central cities, and the kernel density and accessibility of spatial and temporal evolution showed a high degree of coupling. At the same time, tourism regional structure system evolved into “plate mode” form. 3) Compare with OLS model, SLM model and SEM model, the regression model of SEM model with the best fitting result was selected. The results show that traffic location, resource endowments, economic base of multiple factors in different degree of nonlinear effects of regional tourism economic development. Among them, traffic location has the greatest impact, followed by economic base, resource endowment and reception capacity, but industrial structure has not passed the significant level test. 4) Spatial econometric model shows that county tourism economic development has spatial autocorrelation. Therefore, transportation infrastructure as a material carrier and path channels to play the role of spatial linkage effect should be taken into considered, so as to promote regional tourism cooperation and integration development, all of that is in the under the situation that local governments is increasingly emphasizing the status and role of tourism in the development of regional economy. 5) The research results reveal the logic of the development of regional transportation infrastructure which brings about the change of accessibility and tourism spatial structure, and explains the important role of traffic for the development of tourism economy.

Key words: tourism spatial structure, accessibility, spatial econometric model, Zhejiang Province

中图分类号: 

  • K902