地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (3): 387-393.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.03.004

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基于水利益共享的跨境流域水资源多目标分配研究——以澜沧江-湄公河为例

刘艳丽1,2(), 赵志轩1, 孙周亮3, 王国庆1,2, 金君良1,2, 王高旭1, 鲍振鑫1,2, 刘翠善1,2, 贺瑞敏1,2   

  1. 1.南京水利科学研究院水文水资源与水利工程科学国家重点实验室,江苏 南京 210098
    2. 水利部应对气候变化研究中心,江苏 南京 210029
    3. 三峡大学水利与环境学院, 湖北 宜昌 443000
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-23 修回日期:2018-04-18 出版日期:2019-03-10 发布日期:2019-03-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘艳丽(1981-),女,河南泌阳人,博士,教高,主要从事气候变化对水文水资源的影响研究。E-mail: ylliu@nhri.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2016YFA0601602)、国家自然科学基金项目(51679145,91747103,51409171)资助

Multi-objective Water Resources Allocation in Trans-boundary Rivers Based on the Concept of Water Benefit-sharing: A Case in the Lancang-Mekong River

Yanli Liu1,2(), Zhixuan Zhao1, Zhouliang Sun3, Guoqing Wang1,2, Junliang Jin1,2, Gaoxu Wang1, Zhenxin Bao1,2, Cuishan Liu1,2, Ruimin He1,2   

  1. 1. Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute, State Key Laboratory of Hydrology-Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering, Nanjing 210098, Jiangsu, China
    2. Research Center for Climate Change of Ministry of Water Resources, Nanjing 210029, Jiangsu,China
    3. College of Hydraulic and Environment, Three Gorges University, Yichang 443000, Hubei,China
  • Received:2018-01-23 Revised:2018-04-18 Online:2019-03-10 Published:2019-03-10
  • Supported by:
    National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFA0601602), National Natural Science Foundation of China (51679145, 91747103, 51409171)

摘要:

以水利益共享代替分水的理念有利于充分发挥水资源效益和减少区域矛盾冲突,但由于缺乏具体可实施的分配模式一直停留在设想阶段。基于水利益共享理念,建立跨境流域水资源多目标分配指标体系,并结合澜沧江-湄公河流域跨境水资源利用现状及需求,提出澜沧江-湄公河流域跨境水资源多目标分配模型。为基于水利益共享的跨境水资源多目标分配提供了具有充分可操作性的指标体系和分配模型,有助于推进跨境流域水利益共享的实施,实现区域双边或多边在水资源利用上的共赢和发展目标。

关键词: 跨境流域, 水利益共享, 指标体系, 多目标分配

Abstract:

Water benefit-sharing instead of allocation could provide full play to water resources profit thus release and reduce regional conflicts. But this concept still stays in the status of imagine and design without enforceable water allocation scheme. This study constructed an index system of transboundary multi-objective water resources allocation based on the concept of water benefit-sharing. Taking the Lancang-Mekong River Basin as an example, based on the analysis of current situation and demanol of water resources, it proposed an allocation model of multi-objective water resources allocation. The index system and allocation model provide an operable and practical way, which would facilitate the implementation of water benefit-sharing in trans-boundary rivers, thus promote to achieve the goals of win-win development in bilateral or multilateral countries on the utilization of cross-border water resources.

Key words: trans-boundary rivers, water benefit-sharing, index system, multi-objective water allocation

中图分类号: 

  • P343.1