地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (3): 487-495.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.03.015

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基于2030年可持续发展目标的吉林省城镇化可持续发展评价

马延吉1,2(), 艾小平1,2()   

  1. 1.中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所,吉林 长春 130102
    2.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-23 修回日期:2018-06-09 出版日期:2019-03-10 发布日期:2019-03-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:马延吉(1971-),男,吉林德惠人,研究员,博导,主要从事经济地理与可持续发展研究。E-mail: mayanji@iga.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(A类)(XDA19040500)资助

Evaluation of Sustainable Urbanization Development in Jilin Province Based on the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals

Yanji Ma1,2(), Xiaoping Ai1,2()   

  1. 1.Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, Jilin, China
    2.College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-01-23 Revised:2018-06-09 Online:2019-03-10 Published:2019-03-10
  • Supported by:
    Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDA19040500)

摘要:

结合联合国2030年可持续发展目标(SDGs)构建城镇化可持续发展评价指标体系,从省内、外两个角度研究吉林省城镇化可持续发展状况。结果表明:吉林省城镇化可持续发展水平波动上升,发展趋势良好,大致可分为3个阶段;研究期内各子系统可持续发展水平均呈上升趋势,其中社会子系统上升幅度最大,经济子系统上升幅度最小。城镇化可持续发展水平空间格局呈“核心-边缘”结构,即长春市水平高、其它地区水平低;经济、社会、资源和环境子系统可持续发展水平总体上表现为“中东部高,西部低”。研究期内吉林省城镇化可持续发展水平低于黑龙江省,2015年后高于辽宁省;相较辽黑两省,吉林省社会子系统可持续发展水平较低。

关键词: 2030年可持续发展目标, 城镇化可持续发展水平, 吉林省

Abstract:

Combined with 2030 Sustainable Development Goals to construct the index system of sustainable urbanization development (SUD) from economy, society, resources and environment aspects, we use entropy method to calculate the level of SUD in Jilin Province from 2003 to 2016. Cluster analysis method is used to classify the level of SUD, as well as to classify the level of every subsystem. Compared the level of SUD in Jilin Province with those of Liaoning Province and Heilongjiang Province, this article analyzed the reasons for differences between the SUDs in Jilin Province, Liaoning Province and Heilongjiang Province. The result shows as following. 1) The level of SUD in Jilin Province was fluctuating and the trend for development was well. 2) The SUD in Jilin Province was roughly divided into 3 stages: The first stage is from 2003 to 2008, which is a steady rise phase. The second stage was from 2009 to 2012, which was a period of rapid rise. The third stage is from 2013 to 2016, which was a phase of decline. During the study period, each subsystem showed an upward trend, among which the social subsystem rised the largest while the economic subsystem the smallest. The spatial pattern of the SUD in Jilin Province was “core-periphery” — the level of Changchun City was high and the level of other regions were low. The spatial layout of the economic, social and environmental subsystems are “high in the middle and east, low in the west”— the high value area in the middle was Changchun, but the high value areas in the east were slightly different. The resource subsystem is “high in the east, low in other regions” — the high value is in Baishan City. Compared with the SUD in the 3 provinces in Northeast China, during the study period, the level of sustainable urbanization development in Jilin Province was lower than that in Heilongjiang, and higher than that in Liaoning after 2015. Compared with the Liaoning Province and Heilongjiang Provinces, the development of the development of the social subsystem was the worst.

Key words: 2030 Sustainable Development Goals, the level of sustainable urbanization development, Jilin Province

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9