地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (4): 541-549.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.04.003

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中国港口大宗商品交易市场空间布局问题研究

李电生1,2(), 张欢1, 高爱颖3   

  1. 1.中国海洋大学经济学院,山东 青岛 266100
    2.中国海洋大学海洋发展研究院,山东 青岛 266100
    3.交通运输部科学研究院,北京 100017
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-12 修回日期:2018-05-25 出版日期:2019-04-10 发布日期:2019-04-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李电生(1966-),男,河北石家庄人,副教授,博士,主要从事港口规划与管理方面的研究。E-mail:lids_2002@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(15BJL103)资助

Spatial Layout of Port Bulk Commodity Markets in China

Diansheng Li1,2(), Huan Zhang1, Aiying Gao3   

  1. 1. College of Economics, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, Shandong, China
    2. Marine Development Research Institute, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, Shandong, China
    3. Scientific Research Institute, Ministry of Transport, Beijing 100017, China
  • Received:2018-01-12 Revised:2018-05-25 Online:2019-04-10 Published:2019-04-10
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China (15BJL103)

摘要:

通过多因素综合评价法从物流水平、金融水平、信息及电子商务水平和港口城市开放水平4个方面对35个规模以上港口建立大宗商品交易市场的适宜度进行了测评,根据测评结果选出20个适宜建立大宗商品交易市场的港口。再使用重力P-中值模型测算出港口大宗商品交易市场适合建立的规模和类型。结果表明: 沿海港口在发展港口大宗商品交易市场方面更具优势。 港口大宗商品交易市场的空间分布呈现出“区域性聚集”的特点,主要集中在环渤海、长江三角洲和珠江三角洲地区。 每种类型的港口大宗商品交易市场的分布呈现分散状态,这更有利于交易市场为全国大宗商品的供需双方提供服务。

关键词: 港口, 大宗商品交易市场, 重力P-中值模型

Abstract:

By way of the multi-factor comprehensive evaluation method, the suitability of establishing bulk commodity trading markets in 35 ports above the designated size is evaluated from 4 aspects such as levels of logistics, finance, information and e-commerce, and port city opening-up, the results of which are used to select 20 ports proper for establishing bulk commodity trading markets. Then the gravity p-median model is used to calculate the appropriate size and type for ports to set up the bulk commodity trading market. The results show that: 1) Coastal ports have more advantages in developing the port bulk commodity trading market. 2) The spatial distribution of the port bulk commodity trading markets is characterized by "regional aggregation", mainly concentrated in the areas of Bohai Rim, the Yangtze River Delta, and the Pearl River Delta. 3) The distribution of every type of port bulk commodity trading market presents a decentralized state, which is more favorable for a trading market to provide services required by nationwide supplying and demanding sides of bulk commodities.

Key words: port, bulk commodity trading market, gravity P-median model

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9