地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (4): 560-567.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.04.005

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航运企业重组与集装箱航运网络整合效应研究——以中国远洋海运集团有限公司为例

王列辉1,2,3(), 郑渊博1,2, 叶斐4   

  1. 1. 华东师范大学中国现代城市研究中心,上海 200062
    2. 华东师范大学城市与区域科学学院,上海 200241
    3.华东师范大学未来城市实验室,上海200241
    4.上海市城市规划设计研究院,上海 200040
  • 收稿日期:2018-02-07 修回日期:2018-08-15 出版日期:2019-04-10 发布日期:2019-04-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:王列辉(1978-),男,浙江慈溪人,副教授,主要从事交通地理学、城市地理学、历史地理学的研究。E-mail:lhwang@re.ecnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    上海市哲学社会科学规划一般课题(2018BCK010),国家社科基金重大项目(16ZDA016),国家自然科学基金面上项目(41371140)、教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目(17JJD790007)资助

The Effect of Shipping Enterprise Restructuring and Shipping Network Integration: A Case Study on COSCO Shipping

Liehui Wang1,2,3(), Yuanbo Zheng1,2, Fei Ye4   

  1. 1. The Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    2. School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
    3. Future City Lab, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
    4. Shanghai Urban Planning and Design Research Institute, Shanghai 200040, China
  • Received:2018-02-07 Revised:2018-08-15 Online:2019-04-10 Published:2019-04-10
  • Supported by:
    Shanghai Social Science Academic Foundation(2018BCK010), Major Program of National Social Science Fund of China(16ZDA016), National Natural Science Foundation of China(41371140), MOE Project of Key Research Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences at Universities (17JJD790007)

摘要:

2015年12月,中国航运业两大巨头中国远洋运输(集团)总公司(简称中远集团)与中国海运(集团)总公司(简称中海集团)启动重组。以企业官方网站发布的集装箱航运周期表为主干数据,基于复杂网络方法, 利用Gephi和ArcGIS软件分析平台,对重组背景下两企业航运网络空间格局变动特点进行定量刻画,并从航运网络的幅员经济和枢纽经济2个维度,评价2016年重组后的中国远洋海运集团有限公司(简称中远海运集团)集装箱航运网络的整合效应。研究发现: 2016年中远海运集团航运网络中的港口数与2015年中远集团、中海集团航运网络相比,服务节点明显增加,港口之间的航线服务覆盖范围扩张,新的航运联系拓展,整体航运网络运输服务线路延长; 航运网络整合过程中,传统市场如东南亚、地中海、北美东海岸航区以及新兴市场如非洲西岸、南美东海岸等航区的港口枢纽性强化明显;具有良好区位条件的港口,中转能力强化、枢纽性更加突出,而一些高度同质化的港口航线资源被整合优化; 港口的区位条件、企业市场扩展策略、企业原有航线设置的同质化程度等是航运网络整合中呈现不同特点的主要原因。

关键词: 中远海运集团, 企业重组, 复杂网络, 航运网络, 整合效应

Abstract:

China Ocean Shipping Group and China Shipping Group, as the leading shipping enterprises in China’s shipping industry have started reorganization in 2015. Using the historical shipping data published on the official websites of the two enterprises, this study quantitatively characterized the spatial pattern of the enterprises’ shipping network by complex network method using Gephi and ArcGIS; an evaluated the impact of integrated China Ocean Shipping (Group) Company (COSCO) Shipping’s shipping network in 2016, based on two dimensions of the network economic and hub economic. The results showed that: 1) The total number of service node and anchored ports of COSCO Shipping increased significantly as compared to 2015. In addition, the covered ports were expanded and new links were introduced. 2) In 2016 , COSCO Shipping strengthen the hub capacity in different navigation areas, such as the traditional markets of Southeast Asia, the Mediterranean, East North-American , emerging markets of West Africa, East South-America hub strengthened significantly. Ports with good location conditions have stronger transit capacity, while the resources of some highly homogeneous hub ports have been integrated and optimized. 3) The change of shipping network integration port can be affected by many factors, including local conditions of ports, strategy of market expansion, strategy for port selection (terminal operation), and homogenization degree of original shipping network.

Key words: China Ocean Shipping (Group) Company (COSCO), corporate restructuring, complex network, shipping network, integration effect

中图分类号: 

  • K915