地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (4): 606-615.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.04.010

• • 上一篇    下一篇

1949年以来东北地区行政区划演变格局与成因分析

朱建华1(), 修春亮2()   

  1. 1.东北师范大学地理科学学院,吉林 长春 130024
    2.东北大学江河建筑学院,辽宁 沈阳 110819
  • 收稿日期:2018-10-16 修回日期:2019-02-14 出版日期:2019-04-10 发布日期:2019-04-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:朱建华(1988-),男,江苏海安人,博士后,讲师,主要从事城市地理与行政区划研究。E-mail:zjh198827@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41701150)、博士后科学基金项目(2017M611297)资助

The Evolutionary Pattern and Contributing Factor of Administrative Division Adjustment in Northeast China Since 1949

Jianhua Zhu1(), Chunliang Xiu2()   

  1. 1.School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, Jilin, China
    2. JiangHo Architecture College, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, Liaoning, China
  • Received:2018-10-16 Revised:2019-02-14 Online:2019-04-10 Published:2019-04-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (41701150), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2017M611297)

摘要:

东北地区是中国北方一个完整而独立的地理和文化区域。建国以来,东北地区的行政区划格局发生了很大变化,主要分为以下5个阶段:1949~1955年,省级政区大调整阶段;1955~1969年,省级政区稳定,地级、县级政区频繁分合阶段;1969~1979年,内蒙古东部地区划归东北三省阶段;1979~1996年,地级、县级政区调整频繁阶段;1997年至今,行政区划调整较少、以县市改区为主,政区相对比较稳定阶段。经济发展水平、交通条件、历史文化、自然地理和政策标准等因素对东北地区行政区划格局与调整产生了重要影响。最后分析了目前东北地区行政区划不同层级方面存在的主要问题,并针对性地提出了行政区划调整的优化路径。

关键词: 行政区划, 优化路径, 东北地区

Abstract:

The Northeast is a complete and independent geographical and cultural region in northern China. Since the founding of the People's Republic of China(1949), the administrative division pattern in Northeast China has changed a lot. The administrative division adjustment is mainly divided into the following five stages: In 1949-1955, the provincial-level administrative districts were adjusted frequently. In 1955-1969, the provincial-level administrative district was stable, the prefecture level and county-level administrative districts were frequently split and merged. In 1969-1979, the eastern region of Inner Mongolia was allocated to the three provinces (Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang) of Northeast China; In 1979-1996, the prefecture-level and county-level administrative districts were adjusted frequently. Many counties changed to cities and municipal districts. From 1997 to the present, this stage was relatively stable, administrative divisions were adjusted less. The counties and cities were mainly changed to municipal districts. Factors such as the level of economic development, traffic conditions, history and culture, physical geography conditions, and policies or standards have had important impact on the pattern and adjustment of administrative divisions in the Northeast China. Finally, the article analyzes the main problems of the administrative divisions in Northeast China, and proposes the optimization path of administrative division adjustment. The authors put forward the following suggestions: At the provincial level, four prefecture-level cities in eastern Inner Mongolia will be built separately and named Xing'an Province. At the prefecture-level, the Jiagedaqi and Songling District will be placed under the Daxinganling Area, and chang the Daxinganling Area to a prefecture-level city. At the county level, the counties and the mega-towns with good development conditions will be changed to county-level cities for increasing the number of small cities. At the township level, continuing to promote the "township merger", and townships around the big city will be changed to street offices.

Key words: administrative division, optimization path, Northeast China

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9