地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (4): 671-679.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.04.017

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耕地资源富集区县域贫困格局及其影响机制——以黑龙江省兰西县为例

杜国明(), 赵雅倩, 李冬梅()   

  1. 东北农业大学资源与环境学院, 黑龙江 哈尔滨 150030
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-05 修回日期:2018-05-15 出版日期:2019-04-10 发布日期:2019-04-10
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:杜国明(1978-),男,内蒙古赤峰人,博士,教授,主要从事土地资源优化配置与农村区域发展。E-mail:nmgdgm@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    博士后研究人员落户黑龙江科研启动资助项目(2017018)、国家精准扶贫工作成效第三方评估重大任务黑龙江省调查评估课题(2017)资助

Regional Poverty Pattern and Its Influence Mechanism in Cultivated Land Resource-rich Area: Taking Lanxi County of Heilongjiang Province as an Example

Guoming Du(), Yaqian Zhao, Dongmei Li()   

  1. School of Resources and Environment, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, Heilongjiang, China
  • Received:2018-03-05 Revised:2018-05-15 Online:2019-04-10 Published:2019-04-10
  • Supported by:
    Postdoctoral Researchers Settled in Heilongjiang Research Funding Project (2017018), The Third-part Major Evaluation of The Stated Targeted Poverty Alleviation in Heilingjiang Province Survey and Assessment (2017)

摘要:

以耕地资源较为富集的贫困县兰西为例,采用空间统计方法分析县域贫困格局,剖析耕地利用对农村贫困格局的影响机制。研究发现:兰西县贫困发生率呈西北向东南梯度递减特征。贫困家庭收入来源单一,对耕地的依赖性较强。耕地利用的各因子对贫困发生率在影响方向和影响程度上不同,且由于耕地资源差异形成了资源依赖机制和资源利用机制,进而影响贫困格局。 建议该类型区域加强土地整治,提高耕地的自然质量和生态价值;加大对农业投入强度,促进农业提档升级;调整农业生产关系,实现现代农业与贫困户的有机结合,确保农业可持续发展与贫困户增收、脱贫。

关键词: 耕地资源, 贫困格局, 农村贫困, 贫困发生率, 黑龙江兰西县

Abstract:

:Revealing the county poverty pattern and its influence mechanism of cultivated land in resource-rich area can provide a scientific basis for us to carry out accurate poverty alleviation, regional development and rural revitalization. In this study, choosing Lanxi County where in Heilongjiang Province as the study area, the townships as the statistical units, using geostatistics and the basic methods of statistics to analysis the spatial poverty pattern of Lanxi County and in-depth analysis of the impact of cultivated land use on rural poverty mechanism. Some conclusions are drawn as follows: Firstly, a characteristic called gradient decrease, it shows the rate of poverty incidence in Lanxi County decrease from the northwest to the southeast. Secondly, poor households rely heavily on cultivated land. In 2015, the per capita income of poor households in Lanxi County was 3 983 yuan, of which 2 388 yuan was relied on cultivated land utilization. The sources of income were farming, agricultural subsidies and property income. Thirdly, among the various affecting factors of cultivated land, national grade, utilization grade, economic grade and per capita cultivated land area have an impact on the incidence of poverty. Correlation between reclamation rate and incidence of poverty is weak with little impact. In terms of performance, the better the quality of cultivated land is, the lower the poverty incidence; the more cultivated land per capita, the higher the incidence of poverty. Fourth, the dependence mechanism of cultivated land resources and the utilization mechanism of cultivated land resources are formed due to the quantity and quality difference of cultivated land per capita owned, leading to the pattern of poverty and furthering affects the scale of poverty in Lanxi County and the incidence of poverty. Fifth, the strategy of the poor counties with relatively abundant cultivated land resources are as listed below. Strengthening land consolidation and improving the natural quality and ecological value of cultivated land are of great importance; increase the intensity of agricultural input and promote the upgrading of agricultural; adjust agricultural production relations to realize the organic combination of modern agriculture and poor households; make the full use of potential and advantages of featured agriculture, organic agriculture and ecological agriculture to ensure the sustainable development of agriculture and poverty alleviation.

Key words: cultivated land resources, poverty pattern, rural poverty, poverty incidence, Lanxi County of Heilongjiang

中图分类号: 

  • K902