地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (5): 742-749.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.05.005

• • 上一篇    下一篇

快速城镇化地区外来人口入户时空特征与影响因素分析——基于2010~2015年东莞积分入户全样本数据

李先锋1,2(), 李郇1(), 杜志威3,4   

  1. 1.中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广东 广州 510275
    2.北方民族大学,宁夏 银川 750021
    3.广州地理研究所,广东 广州 510070
    4.广东省地理空间信息技术与应用公共实验室,广东 广州 510070
  • 收稿日期:2018-05-20 修回日期:2018-09-11 出版日期:2019-05-10 发布日期:2021-03-17
  • 通讯作者: 李郇 E-mail:308718646@qq.com;lixun23@126.com
  • 作者简介:李先锋(1976-),男,山东菏泽人,博士,副教授,主要从事城市地理研究。E-mail:308718646@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571118);国家自然科学基金项目(41801122);广东省科学院实施创新驱动发展能力建设专项资助(2018GDASCX-0901)

Spatio-temporal Characteristics and Factors of Migration in the Rapid Urbanization Area: Based on the Points-based Participants in 2010-2015

Li Xianfeng1,2(), Li Xun1(), Du Zhiwei3,4   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, China
    2. Beifang University of Nationalities, Yinchuan 750021, Ningxia, China
    3. Guangzhou Institute of Geography, Guangzhou 510070, Guangdong, China
    4. Guangdong Open Laboratory of Geospatial Information Technology and Application, Guangzhou 510070, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2018-05-20 Revised:2018-09-11 Online:2019-05-10 Published:2021-03-17
  • Contact: Li Xun E-mail:308718646@qq.com;lixun23@126.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41571118);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41801122);GDAS' Special Project of Science and Technology Development(2018GDASCX-0901)

摘要:

以快速城镇化代表地区东莞为案例,采用已经实现入户的全样本人口数据,分析外来人口入户的时空变化特征及其影响因素。研究发现:外来人口的积分入户随时间变化具有明显的阶段特征,与外来人口总量的空间存在一定差异;外来人口入户随年龄增加呈现先增后减倒U型的曲线,入户的外来人口结构趋向于男性化、高学历化;积分入户政策调整对入户人数变化非常显著,且具有明显的选择性和导向性;迁入地的社会经济水平与公共服务容量对积分入户有较强的影响,服务业经济对外来人口的吸引力高于制造业经济;连续居住和拥有住房是外来人口户籍转变的关键性标志,子女入学是现阶段外来人口实现入户的核心特征。从推动优质教育资源均衡发展、优化与完善积分制政策作用、提升城镇经济水平和空间品质等方面提出相关政策启示。

关键词: 人口流动, 积分入户, 户籍转变, 东莞市

Abstract:

Based on the case study of Dongguan, which is the highest proportion of migrant population city in China, this article uses the sample data of the points-based household population, investigating the spatial and temporal characteristics of the migrants and their influencing factors. The conclsions are : 1) The points-based household participants have obvious stage characteristics over time, and there is a certain difference from the distribution of migrants. 2) The relation between the number of points-based household participants and their age manifests a U-shaped curve, and the demographic structure of participants tends to be male-dominated and highly educated. 3) The adjustment of the points-based household policy has a significant effect on participants. 4) The social and economic level of towns relocated have a strong impact on the points-based household, whose service economy is more attractive to the migrant population than the manufacturing economy. 5) Long-term residence and working are the key symbols of household change for migrants, and education there for their children is the most important factors for migrants to participate points-based household. Moreover, promoting the equalization of high quality education resources, optimizing and perfect the integral system policy as well as enhancing the economic level and space quality are benefit for promoting the migration long residence.

Key words: migration, the points-based household, household registration change, Dongguan City

中图分类号: 

  • C922