地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (5): 750-760.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.05.006

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基于城市功能格局的西安市文化产业空间集聚研究

薛东前(), 万斯斯, 马蓓蓓(), 陈荣玉   

  1. 陕西师范大学地理科学与旅游学院/陕西省旅游信息科学重点实验室/陕西省旅游信息化工程实验室,陕西 西安710119
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-02 修回日期:2019-01-09 出版日期:2019-05-10 发布日期:2021-03-17
  • 通讯作者: 马蓓蓓 E-mail:xuedq@snnu.edu.cn;mabb@snnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:薛东前(1965-),男,内蒙古包头人,博士,教授,博导,主要从事城市与区域发展研究。E-mail:xuedq@snnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目资助(41371132);国家自然科学基金项目资助(41301170)

Spatial Agglomeration of Cultural Industry of Xi’an City Based on Urban Functional Pattern

Xue Dongqian(), Wan Sisi, Ma Beibei(), Chen Rongyu   

  1. School of Geography and Tourism/Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Tourism Informatics/Shaanxi Tourism Information Engineering Laboratory, Xi’an 710119, Shaanxi, China
  • Received:2018-09-02 Revised:2019-01-09 Online:2019-05-10 Published:2021-03-17
  • Contact: Ma Beibei E-mail:xuedq@snnu.edu.cn;mabb@snnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41371132);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41301170)

摘要:

针对以往文化产业区位特征研究中缺乏与城市功能格局有机联系的问题,以中国西部重要的文化产业集聚中心西安市为案例,采用土地利用区位商、标准差椭圆、热点分析和叠加分析等方法,分析其文化产业的空间集聚特征及与城市功能格局的耦合关系。结果表明,2016年西安市的文化产业布局具有较强的“空间+功能”依附性特征,其空间集聚以城市发展主轴为方向线,集中在以一类工业和科教功能为主、开发较为成熟的城市综合功能区。传统商贸业、物流业等要素集散枢纽对文化产业的空间集聚影响较为显著。面向生活服务的文化休闲娱乐服务业的空间分布相对均衡,而面向生产服务的文化创意和设计服务业则表现出较强的产业关联导向和环境氛围导向特征。

关键词: 文化产业, 城市功能格局, 文化产业空间集聚, 耦合, 西安市

Abstract:

The spatial agglomeration of the cultural industry is an important force to optimize the spatial structure of modern urban industries and reshape the urban function pattern. In view of lack of analysis on the organic relation between cultural industry and urban function pattern in previous studies on the location characteristics of cultural industries, this paper takes Xi'an, an important cultural industry gathering center in the western China, as an example. The spatial agglomeration characteristics of cultural industry and its coupling relationship with urban functional patterns are analyzed by using the location entropy of land use, standard deviational ellipse, hot and cold spot analysis and overlay analysis, etc. In this article, the cultural industry spatial position point data come from Xi'an Yellow Pages and Baidu map, the land use data of Xi'an main city zone come from the interpreted Landsat TM remote sensing images, which are sourced from the website of US Geological Survey(USGS). The results showed that the character and functions of Xi'an City had a guiding role in the development of cultural industry, making it present the structural characteristics of urban comprehensive services as the main function in the rapid development process. The urban function pattern of Xi'an demonstrated the spatial structure of “concentric circle+axial symmetry”. The new city's growth pole nucleus represented by Xi'an High-tech Industrial Development Zone had gradually matured, laying a foundation for the multi-nuclear evolution of urban functional space. The spatial agglomeration of cultural industry in Xi'an was mainly based on the urban development axis of “Northeast-Southwest” and tended to the relatively mature southern area of the city. This feature had a high consistency with the spatial context and economic spatial evolution of Xi'an urban development. From the perspective of urban function types, the cultural industry in Xi'an had not been obviously concentrated in the traditional urban commercial and trade center, but was apt to be arranged in the urban integrated functional zone dominated by industry and science and education. The distribution hubs of traditional commercial trade, logistics and other elements also had an important impact on the spatial agglomeration of cultural industries. From the perspective of various departments within the cultural industry, the spatial distribution of cultural leisure and entertainment services for life services was relative equilibrium. The cultural creativity and design services for production services tended to be placed in industrial zone, business district, educational research zone or the composite functional zone based on the above functions, showed significant industry-related orientation and environmental atmosphere-oriented characteristics. The coupling relationship between the spatial agglomeration of cultural industry and urban functional pattern in Xi'an reflects the “space+function” dependence of cultural industry layout at this stage. The future development of Xi'an cultural industry, it should be through implementation of measures such as industrial linkage, atmosphere attraction, platform construction and policy encouragement, actively guide the cultural enterprises with high added value and innovation, such as advertising, media, information, design and cultural tourism, gathering in the new city growth pole of different types. This will make the spatial layout of cultural industry evolve from the current linear layout of the main development axis along the city, and gradually evolve into the group spatial structure of multi-core linkage.

Key words: cultural industry, urban functional pattern, cultural industry spatial agglomeration, coupling, Xi′an

中图分类号: 

  • G124