地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (6): 874-885.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.06.002

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中国人文地理学区域空间结构研究的主要领域及展望

刘建国1,张妍1,黄杏灵2   

  1. 1. 北京联合大学旅游学院,北京100101
    2. 北京大学政府管理学院,北京100871
  • 收稿日期:2018-06-14 修回日期:2018-12-02 出版日期:2019-06-10 发布日期:2019-06-10
  • 作者简介:刘建国(1980-),男,内蒙古赤峰人,博士,副教授,硕导,主要从事经济地理研究。E-mail: liujianguo009@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41771131);国家自然科学基金项目(41301116);国家自然科学基金项目(41877523);北京联合大学人才强校(百杰)项目资助(BPHR2017CS13)

Main Areas and Prospects of Regional Spatial Structure Research in Chinese Human Geography

Jianguo Liu1,Yan Zhang1,Xingling Huang2   

  1. 1. Tourism College of Beijing Union University, Beijing 100101, China
    2. School of Government, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2018-06-14 Revised:2018-12-02 Online:2019-06-10 Published:2019-06-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771131);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41301116);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41877523);Premium Funding Project for Academic Human Resources Development in Beijing Union University(BPHR2017CS13)

摘要:

以中国地理学界权威期刊的区域空间结构研究文献为样本,通过对文章数量、研究关键词、研究团队以及科研机构与地区分布的分析,总结中国区域空间结构研究的总体特征。发现:中国区域空间结构研究领域发表的期刊文章数量总体呈上升趋势;中国区域空间结构研究的问题和内容主要包括城镇化过程、城市空间结构、城市群空间结构演变、区域空间结构演化动力机制等方面;研究方法包括因子分析、聚类分析、空间计量分析方法、3S技术、模型等。随着学者们对区域空间结构演化过程更全面、更深入的认识,研究手段也日趋多样化、复杂化。在对中国区域空间结构主要相关成果进行梳理和总结的基础上,提出:未来中国区域空间结构的重点发展方向应当集中于拓展全球化视野、加强理论创新;注重微观尺度研究领域的开拓,重点研究微观尺度空间发展的过程规律、类型与模式、动力机制;研究范式与研究方法多元化,形成以地理学为主导的多学科相互渗透和融合的综合集成研究;加强区域空间结构优化的政策体系研究,促进区域协调发展及提升服务社会需求的决策支持能力等。

关键词: 区域空间结构, 人文地理学, 中国研究进展

Abstract:

Taking the literature of the regional spatial structure of the authoritative journals of Chinese geography as a sample, the general characteristics of the research on the regional spatial structure of China are summarized through the analysis of the number of articles, research keywords, research teams, and the distribution of scientific research institutions and regions. It is found that the number of periodicals published in the area of regional spatial structure research in China is generally on the rise; the problems and contents of the study of regional spatial structure in China mainly include the process of urbanization, the urban spatial structure, the evolution of the spatial structure of urban agglomeration, the dynamic mechanism of the regional spatial structure evolution, and so on. It includes spatial analysis methods such as factor analysis and cluster analysis, 3S technology and models. As scholars have more comprehensive and deeper understanding of the evolution process of regional spatial structure, research methods are becoming increasingly diverse and complex. On the basis of combing and summarizing the main related achievements of the regional spatial structure in China, the key development direction of the future China's regional spatial structure should be focused on: 1) expanding the global vision and strengthening the theoretical innovation, focusing on the development of the micro scale research field, and focusing on the process law of the micro scale space development, the type and model and the dynamic mechanism; 2) the research paradigm and research methods are diversified to form a comprehensive integrated study of multidisciplinary infiltration and integration based on geography, to strengthen the research on the policy system of regional spatial structure optimization, to promote regional coordinated development and to enhance the decision-making support capability of service society.

Key words: regional spatial structure, regional differences, China's research progress

中图分类号: 

  • F292