地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (6): 905-911.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.06.005

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网络视角下中国十大城市群区域创新模式研究

马双1,曾刚2   

  1. 1. 上海社会科学院信息研究所, 上海 200235
    2. 华东师范大学中国现代城市研究中心, 上海 200062
  • 收稿日期:2018-04-27 修回日期:2018-07-20 出版日期:2019-06-10 发布日期:2019-06-10
  • 作者简介:马双(1990-),男,浙江江山人,助研,主要从事区域经济与创新网络研究。E-mail: ms@sass.org.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41771143);上海市哲学社会科学规划课题资助(2018EJL002)

Regional Innovation Models of China's Ten Major Urban Agglomerations from the Perspective of Network

Shuang Ma1,Gang Zeng2   

  1. 1. Institute of Information, Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, Shanghai 200235, China
    2. The Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Received:2018-04-27 Revised:2018-07-20 Online:2019-06-10 Published:2019-06-10
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771143);Philosophy and Social Sciences Planning Project of Shanghai(2018EJL002)

摘要:

从地理开放、区域协同和创新能力3个维度构建理论分析框架,基于网络视角刻画2015年中国十大城市群的区域创新特点,并据此划分城市群的区域创新模式。研究表明,中国十大城市群的区域创新模式存在显著差异。长三角、京津冀和珠三角城市群已具有较好基础,海西城市群缺乏高水平的内部协同,长江中游和成渝城市群过度依赖外部联系,北部湾城市群拥有较明显的核心-边缘内部网络结构,哈长、中原和关中城市群各维度评价均不高,区域创新模式最差。

关键词: 创新网络, 区域创新模式, 城市群, 中国

Abstract:

The urban agglomeration has become an important carrier of gathering element resources and innovation activities because of its strong ability to integrate resources, make up for insufficient innovation ability of a single city and overall location advantage. As innovation space has changed from "local space" to "mobile space", the innovation has changed from linear mode to network mode. A city does not innovate alone, but through a series of complex interactions with regional and cross-regional cities. Therefore, regional and interregional innovation networks of urban agglomeration are important aspects of the process of innovation. The rise of network approach endows innovation with new perspective of multi-scale spatial coupling and enriches the connotation of regional innovation model. In this article, theoretical analysis framework is constructed from three dimensions of geographical opening, regional coordination and innovation ability based on the network perspective. We depict the characteristics of regional innovation and classify the regional innovation model of China’s ten major urban agglomerations into eight types. The result shows that there are significant differences in the regional innovation model of urban agglomerations. The urban agglomeration in the Yangtze River Delta, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and the Pearl River Delta has a good foundation. The Haixi urban agglomeration lacks high level internal coordination, the urban agglomeration in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and Chengdu-Chongqing rely heavily on the external connections. The Beibu Gulf urban agglomeration has an obvious core-edge internal network structure, and the Hachang, Zhongyuan and Guanzhong urban agglomeration is not good in each dimension evaluation, this regional innovation model is the worst. Accurate judgement of the development status and regional types of urban agglomeration is very important for promoting and directing regional development. The conclusions of this study give specific policy guidelines for the future development of different types of urban agglomerations in China. The Yangtze River Delta, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and the Pearl River Delta urban agglomeration has good foundation. But, the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomeration should strengthen their internal relations except Beijing and Tianjin, and the external relations of the urban agglomeration in the Pearl River Delta should be further complemented; The Haixi urban agglomeration should actively promote its internal linkages between inland cities and coastal cities to promote the level of coordination. The promotion of technology transfer and diffusion in this region would accelerated the completion of the fourth largest urban agglomeration in China; The urban agglomeration in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, Chengdu-Chongqing and Beibu Gulf have different outstanding advantages and disadvantages, these regions should base on their own reality, avoid the shortcoming and break through the higher form of the current path to the urban agglomeration. The Ha Chang, Zhongyuan and Guanzhong urban agglomeration although adjacent to each other in space, there is no close relationship between them for various reasons. Construction of regional innovation system of these urban agglomerations focus on planning and designing, fostering at the present stage is early in fashion. Actually, this article is not involve the mechanism of network effects on urban agglomeration innovation mode. Therefore, we would combine qualitative analysis to explore in future.

Key words: innovation network, regional innovation model, urban agglomeration, China

中图分类号: 

  • F124.3