地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (6): 938-946.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.06.009

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湖南省县域乡村反贫困绩效评价与空间分异特征

谭雪兰,蒋凌霄(),米胜渊,欧阳巧玲,王振凯,安悦   

  1. 湖南农业大学资源环境学院,湖南 长沙 410128
  • 收稿日期:2018-06-15 修回日期:2018-12-15 出版日期:2019-06-10 发布日期:2019-06-10
  • 通讯作者: 蒋凌霄 E-mail:2273716678@qq.com
  • 作者简介:谭雪兰(1978-),女,湖南茶陵人,博士,副教授,博导,主要从事城乡规划、乡村地理及乡村土地利用研究。 E-mail:txl780120@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41571168);国家自然科学基金项目(41201175);国家自然科学基金项目(41471145);湖南省哲学社会科学基金项目(18ZDB015);湖南省哲学社会科学基金项目(14YBA209);湖南省教育厅科学研究重点项目(18A102);湖南农业大学双一流学科建设项目资助(kxk201801005)

Performance Evaluation and Spatial Differentiation of Rural Anti-poverty at County Scale in Hunan Province

Xuelan Tan,Lingxiao Jiang(),Shengyuan Mi,Qiaoling Ouyang,Zhenkai Wang,Yue An   

  1. College of Resources and Environment, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128, Hunan, China
  • Received:2018-06-15 Revised:2018-12-15 Online:2019-06-10 Published:2019-06-10
  • Contact: Lingxiao Jiang E-mail:2273716678@qq.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Sciences Foundation of China(41571168);National Natural Sciences Foundation of China(41201175);National Natural Sciences Foundation of China(41471145);Philosophy and Social Science Fund Project of Hunan Province(18ZDB015);Philosophy and Social Science Fund Project of Hunan Province(14YBA209);Key Scientific Research Projects of Hunan Education Department(18A102);Double First-Class Construction Project of Hunan Agricultural University(kxk201801005)

摘要:

综合运用熵值法、地理探测器等方法,从基本生存绩效、自身发展绩效,县域扶贫绩效3个方面构建指标体系,对湖南省51个贫困县2017年反贫困绩效空间地域分异特征及其影响因素进行研究。结果表明:湖南省贫困农户一般能满足基本的生存需要;自身发展绩效水平得分较高的区域大多处于武陵源区、鹤城区等城市市区周围以及罗霄山片区,而雪峰山脉周围县市则普遍较低;县域扶贫绩效水平高的区域分布较为零散,大致位于各城区周围,而省城或西北的少数民族聚集区以及中南部绩效水平还有待提高。反贫困绩效总体上呈现出高、中、低3种绩效水平交替分布的空间特征,愈靠近武陵源区、鹤城区和长株潭地区的贫困县市,综合反贫困绩效水平愈高。县域发展情况是影响湖南省反贫困绩效的决定性因素,农户条件与乡村状况是基础性因素,自然条件是重要因素,各因子间交互作用的影响远大于单因子,不存在独立作用的因素,体现出湖南省反贫困绩效影响因素的复杂性特征。

关键词: 反贫困, 绩效评价, 空间分异, 影响因素, 贫困县, 湖南省

Abstract:

With the rapid development of industrialization and urbanization in China, there are significant changes occurred in the urban and rural regional structure, industrial structure, employment structure, and social structure, and China’s economic growth and social development have made great achievements in recent years. Nevertheless, the development strategy of urban bias, the low level of inter-generational culture of farmers, and the constraints of environmental bottlenecks have led to the emergence of the binary urban-rural structure. With a large base and a wide distribution of vulnerable rural population, the development of the poor and the multi-dimensional poverty group, the problem of the vicious cycle of poverty is extremely serious. China has been an active advocator and a powerful promoter of the world's poverty alleviation cause. The problem of rural poverty remains a significance hurdle to building a moderately prosperous society comprehensively and charting the roadmap for rural vitalization in China. Using entropy method and geodetector, the paper selects 18 indicators from 3 aspects of farmers' basic survival performance, self-development performance and county poverty alleviation performance to study the anti-poverty performance evaluation, spatial geographical differentiation characteristics and influencing factors of 51 poverty-stricken counties in Hunan Province, China in 2017. It can be shown that: farmers in poverty-stricken counties in Hunan Province can generally meet the basic needs of survival; the poverty-stricken counties around the urban areas such as Wulingyuan district and Hecheng district, as well as those around the Luoxiao Mountain Range, have higher scores for self-development performance, while those around the Xuefeng Mountain Range are generally lower; the poverty-stricken counties with high levels of poverty alleviation performance are scattered in space, and the performance levels of the northwestern minority areas in the province and the poverty-stricken counties in the south-central areas need to be strengthened. The anti-poverty performance of Hunan Province generally presents spatial characteristics of alternating high, medium and low performance levels. The poverty-stricken counties with higher anti-poverty performance levels are closer to urban areas such as Wulingyuan district and Hecheng district and Chang-Zhu-Tan urban agglomerations. The development of county areas are the decisive factor affecting the performance of anti-poverty in Hunan Province, the conditions of farmers and rural conditions are the basic factors, and natural conditions are important factors. The interaction between these factors is far greater than the single factor, and no single factor can play an independent role in the development process. These all reflect the complexity characteristics of the influencing factors of anti-poverty performance in Hunan Province.

Key words: anti-poverty, performance evaluation, spatial differentiation, influencing factors, poverty county, Hunan Province

中图分类号: 

  • K901.2