地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (6): 947-956.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.06.010

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电子商务影响下的“淘宝村”乡村重构多维度分析——以湖北省十堰市郧西县下营村为例

张英男1,2,3,龙花楼1,2,3(),屠爽爽1,4,李裕瑞1,3,马历1,2,3,戈大专5   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学资源与环境学院, 北京 100049
    3. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室, 北京 100101
    4. 南宁师范大学北部湾环境演变与资源利用教育部重点实验室,广西 南宁530001
    5. 南京师范大学地理科学学院, 江苏 南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-06 修回日期:2018-12-17 出版日期:2019-06-10 发布日期:2019-06-10
  • 通讯作者: 龙花楼 E-mail:longhl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:张英男(1993-),男,满族,辽宁凤城人,博士研究生,主要从事城乡发展与土地利用转型研究。E-mail: zhangyn.16b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41731286);中国博士后科学基金项目资助(2018M630197)

A Multidimensional Analysis of Rural Restructuring Driven by E-commerce: A Case of Xiaying Village in Central China

Yingnan Zhang1,2,3,Hualou Long1,2,3(),Shuangshuang Tu1,4,Yurui Li1,3,Li Ma1,2,3,Dazhuan Ge5   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    4. Key Laboratory of Environment Change and Resources Use in Beibu Gulf, Nanjing Normal University, the Ministry of Education, Nanning 530001, Guangxi, China
    5. College of Geography, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, China
  • Received:2018-09-06 Revised:2018-12-17 Online:2019-06-10 Published:2019-06-10
  • Contact: Hualou Long E-mail:longhl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41731286);China Postdoctoral Science Foundation(2018M630197)

摘要:

以湖北省十堰市郧西县下营村为例,利用半结构式访谈、问卷调查并结合遥感影像解译与GIS可视化表达等方法对电子商务驱动下乡村经济、社会及空间重构进行刻画。研究表明:下营村由传统的农业主导转变为一、二、三产业融合发展的多元结构,并显露出生态化转向。社会空间趋向于就业高度非农化、治理主体多元化、公共服务健全化、生活方式现代化及交往空间虚拟化。农业生产空间逐步压缩,非农生产空间逐步扩张,生产-生态复合空间增加,居住空间呈现多功能化、集约化。产业基础、电商平台、物流设施、乡村精英、资源禀赋和政府支持为其转型与发展提供了初始引擎、资源支撑和外部支持。

关键词: 电子商务, 流空间, 乡村重构, 乡村振兴, 多维度

Abstract:

In recent years, the boom of rural e-commerce in China has produced obvious effect on the morphology of economy, society and space in rural areas. Attempting to reveal the process and mechanism of rural restructuring driven by e-commerce, we applied semi-structural interview to depict and analyze the characteristics of this transition from the dimensions of economy, society and ecology. Moreover, we synthesized participatory rural appraisal and GIS techniques to map and quantitatively illustrate the spatial changes. Ultimately, the influential factors and characteristics of this pioneering undertaking were analyzed. The results showed dramatic changes in socio-economic morphology of Xiaying Village. Firstly, as for industrial mode, the pattern dominated by traditional agriculture has been transformed to that with a combination of the primary, secondary and tertiary industries. The industrial chain that integrates production, processing and selling has gradually formed, so that the industrial structure tends to be comprehensive and presents an ecological transition. Secondly, a growing number of young people who have become the mainstream of rural development get employed in non-agricultural industry, which indicates that rural e-commerce is an effective path for realizing situ urbanization. Rural e-commerce complicates the interest relationship among villagers and awakens their subject consciousness, thereby causing the increasing diversification of governance mainstream. In response, the trend of public service perfection, lifestyle modernization and social communication visualization becomes prominently. Thirdly, the element flows and their inherent physical movement resulted in the changes of their space carrier, concretely embodies in the gradual compression of agricultural production space and the intensive expansion of non-agricultural production space. Production-ecological compound space has experienced a sharp increase, and living space tends to be multifunctional and intensive. Fourthly, the industrial foundation of kallaite exploitation and processing plays a pivotal role in the process of rural restructuring in Xiaying Viallge. Besides, the e-commerce platform, logistics infrastructure, rural elites, resource endowments, as well as government support also function as the initial engine, resource support and external power. Finally, we analyzed the obstacles of rural restructuring and proposed some targeted countermeasures. Moreover, challenges and opportunities created by e-commerce for rural areas of inland and coastal areas were discussed, respectively.

Key words: rural e-commerce, the space of flows, rural restructuring, rural vitalization, multidimensional analysis

中图分类号: 

  • F129.9