地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (9): 1416-1424.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.09.007

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“一带一路”倡议下中欧集装箱潜在铁路运输流的空间格局模拟

陆梦秋1,2, 陈娱3,4()   

  1. 1. 南京财经大学国际经贸学院,江苏 南京 210023
    2. 南京财经大学江苏产业发展研究院, 江苏 南京 210023
    3. 南京师范大学地理科学学院,江苏 南京 210023
    4. 江苏省地理信息资源开发与利用协同创新中心,江苏 南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2018-08-11 修回日期:2018-12-20 出版日期:2019-09-10 发布日期:2019-12-02
  • 通讯作者: 陈娱 E-mail:chenyu@lreis.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:陆梦秋(1992-),女,江苏南京人,讲师,主要研究方向为经济地理与区域发展。E-mail:lumengqiu3201@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41430635);国家自然科学基金项目(41701122)

Spatial Pattern of Potential Container Throughputs by Railway between China and Europe Under the Belt and Road Initiative

Lu Mengqiu1,2, Chen Yu3,4()   

  1. 1. International Economic and Trade Institute, Nanjing University of Finance and Economics, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, China
    2. Industry Development Research Institute, Nanjing University of Finance and Economics, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, China
    3. School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, China
    4. Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, China
  • Received:2018-08-11 Revised:2018-12-20 Online:2019-09-10 Published:2019-12-02
  • Contact: Chen Yu E-mail:chenyu@lreis.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41430635);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41701122)

摘要:

在“一带一路”倡议背景下,探讨中欧集装箱运输通道的空间格局对中欧班列运输组织优化及欧亚大陆一体化发展具有重要意义。基于铁路货运网络数据提取了各地市节点的对欧运输最短路径,采用集装箱货源系数算法对各地市对欧进出口总额进行加权计算,用以表征腹地对欧陆运集装箱生成量,模拟潜在的中欧集装箱铁路运输流汇集格局。研究表明:在满洲里、二连浩特和阿拉山口三大陆运优势片区分别形成了沿大连-营口-锦州-通辽-白城-齐齐哈尔-满洲里集装箱运输东通道,沿上海-南京-济南-天津-北京-乌兰察布-二连浩特集装箱运输中通道,以及沿杭州-合肥-西安-兰州-乌鲁木齐-阿拉山口集装箱运输西通道;长三角地区是中、西通道的始流区域,区域内城市通过两通道运输集装箱的成本相当;集装箱流量汇集的关键节点共22个,其中,齐齐哈尔、乌兰察布、北京、济南、南京、乌鲁木齐和西安为第一等级汇集点。

关键词: 一带一路, 中欧班列, 进出口额, 集装箱货源系数, 最短路径算法

Abstract:

Discussing the spatial distribution of container railway transportation corridors from China to Europe is of great significant to optimize China Railway Express organization and the Eurasian integration development. In order to present this pattern, we extracted the shortest paths from cities to Europe based on the freight railway network, and adopt container source coefficient to get cities’ weighted imports and exports to Europe, which can be taken as potential container throughputs of cities. The study shows that: 1) Three corridors form along Dalian-Yingkou-Jinzhou-Tongliao-Baicheng-Qiqihar-Manzhouli, along Shanghai-Nanjing-Jinan-Tianjin-Beijing-Wulanchabu-Erenhot, and along Hangzhou-Hefei-Xi'an-Lanzhou-Urumqi-Alashankou in Manzhouli, Erenhot and Alashankou railway transport-dominated areas respectively. 2) The Yangtze River Delta region is the source area of the middle and west corridors, the costs of container transportation along two corridors are equivalent in this region. 3) There are 22 key container confluence nodes, of which Qiqihar, Wulanchabu, Beijing, Jinan, Nanjing, Urmuqi and Xi'an are the first level confluence nodes. This research can provide suggestions to China-EU container transport corridors construction and distribution centers distribution optimization in China, and provide a quantitative basis for exploring the mode of container intermodal transport by land and sea.

Key words: The Belt and Road Initiative, China Railway Express, import and export volume, container throughputs coefficient, shortest path algorithm

中图分类号: 

  • F512.99