地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (9): 1473-1483.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.09.013

• • 上一篇    

东北三省城乡收入差距空间格局及其分异机制研究

付占辉, 梅林(), 刘艳军, 郑茹敏   

  1. 东北师范大学地理科学学院,吉林 长春130024
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-06 修回日期:2018-12-15 出版日期:2019-09-10 发布日期:2019-12-02
  • 通讯作者: 梅林 E-mail:meil6823@nenu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:付占辉(1989-),男,河南南阳人,博士研究生,主要从事人文地理、城市与区域规划研究。E-mail:fuzh475@nenu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41471111)

Spatial Pattern of Urban-rural Income Disparity and Its Differentiation Mechanism in 3 Provinces of Northeast China

Fu Zhanhui, Mei Lin(), Liu Yanjun, Zheng Rumin   

  1. School of Geographical Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, Jilin, China
  • Received:2018-09-06 Revised:2018-12-15 Online:2019-09-10 Published:2019-12-02
  • Contact: Mei Lin E-mail:meil6823@nenu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41471111)

摘要:

借助多元逐步线性回归、GWR等模型方法,探讨1990年以来东北三省城乡收入差距空间格局、类型特征及其分异机制,最后提出城乡统筹可持续发展建议。结果表明: 1990年以来,东北三省城乡居民收入水平大幅提高,但大部分地区城镇居民可支配收入水平仍低于全国平均水平;城乡收入差距整体有所拉大,呈现出“中间高、两端低”的空间特征。 城乡收入差距空间分布格局受经济发展水平、工业拉动效应、服务业带动力和交通通达程度影响,其中经济发展水平对城乡收入差距由早期的正向拉大作用为主,逐步演变为负向抑制效应。 据此提出对策建议:深化改革开放,加快国有企业改革步伐,优化区域产业结构,提高服务业发展水平和比重,激发市场活力,破解制约区域经济发展的各种障碍;加快实施乡村振兴战略,促进乡村资源开发,开辟致富增收新路径。

关键词: 城乡收入, 城乡统筹, 东北老工业基地, 东北地区

Abstract:

Using the natural fracture point method, multiple linear regression, and geographically weighted regression model, this article analyzes the urban-rural income gap’s spatial pattern, type characteristics and its mechanism in 3 provinces of Northeast China since 1990. The conclusion shows that: 1) In terms of the per capita net income of rural residents, the number of high-level and higher-level areas continue to decrease, while that of mid-level and low-level areas increase. However, most areas are higher than the national average. Judging from the per capita disposable income of urban residents, most cities are mainly with medium and high levels, and gradually evolve to higher levels. With the economic development, the per capita disposable income of urban residents has gradually increased, but most areas are still lower than the national average. The income disparity between urban and rural areas in the Northeast China was mainly at medium and low level, indicating that the urban-rural income gap there was overall low. With the regional development, the number of high and higher levels of urban-rural income gap has increased, and the overall gap slightly is larger, but still lower than the national average. Specifically, the distribution of the income gap between urban and rural areas in 1990 was contiguous, and gradually evolved into a medium-level and high-level layout. 2) 8 indices are selected including fertility rate difference between urban and rural areas, urban-rural labor force ratio, urban-rural fixed-asset investment ratio, per capita GDP, urbanization rate, per capita road mileage, per capita industrial added value, per capita tertiary industry added value. The study found that the spatial distribution of urban-rural income gap is affected by the spatial differentiation characteristics of regional economic development, industrial, service-driven and transport access. The development of regional economy has a positive influence on the urban-rural income gap, and then evolves into a negative inhibitory effect. 3) Based on the above analysis, we proposed to deepen reform and opening up, speed up the pace of mixed reform of state-owned enterprises, optimize regional industrial structure, improve tertiary development level and proportion, stimulate market vitality, and solve various obstacles to restrict regional economic development.

Key words: urban-rural income, urban-rural integration, Northeast China Old Industrial Base, Northeast China

中图分类号: 

  • F126.2