地理科学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (12): 1884-1893.doi: 10.13249/j.cnki.sgs.2019.12.006

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乡村民宿“家”的生产过程与权力博弈:广东惠州上良村案例

刘美新1,2, 蔡晓梅2,3, 麻国庆4   

  1. 1. 华南师范大学地理科学学院,广东 广州 510631
    2. 华南师范大学文化地理与文化产业研究中心,广东 广州 510631
    3. 华南师范大学旅游管理学院,广东 广州 510631
    4. 中央民族大学民族学与社会学学院,北京100081
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-26 修回日期:2019-10-15 出版日期:2019-12-10 发布日期:2020-03-01
  • 作者简介:刘美新(1990-),女,广东增城人,博士研究生,主要从事酒店管理和社会文化地理研究。E-mail: 814086037@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671146);国家社会科学基金项目资助(41630635);国家社会科学基金项目资助(17ZDA165);国家社会科学基金项目资助(19BJY212)

The Production of “Home” and Power Negotiations in the Rural Guesthouses: The Case of Shangliang Village, Huizhou, Guangdong

Liu Meixin1,2, Cai Xiaomei2,3, Ma Guoqing4   

  1. 1. School of Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, Guangdong, China
    2. Research Center for Cultural Industry and Cultural Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, Guangdong, China
    3. School of Tourism Management, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, Guangdong, China
    4. School of Ethnology and Sociology, Central University for Nationalities, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2019-07-26 Revised:2019-10-15 Online:2019-12-10 Published:2020-03-01
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41671146);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41630635);National Social Science Foundation of China(17ZDA165);National Social Science Foundation of China(19BJY212)

摘要:

援引“家”的地理学相关理论,采用观察法和半结构化访谈的质性研究方法,探究上良村乡村民宿“家”的生产过程与不同主体之间的权力博弈。研究发现:上良乡村民宿“家”的生产是当地政府、旅游企业、村委及村民多方利益主体协商的结果。政府、企业与村民对“家”的不同理解使之产生不同的生产逻辑,成为民宿“家”的生产过程中权力博弈的直接原因。在“商业性家”的营造过程中,村民“临时的家”中物质和精神的匮乏不仅推进了“商业性家”的营建,也突显了“理想与现实,传统与商业”之间的矛盾冲突。在“家”的重构过程中,政府、旅游企业与村民在“家”的物质景观、情感意义、边界意义及社会关系4个维度中展演了多元复杂的权力博弈过程。

关键词: 商业性家, 乡村旅游, 乡村民宿, 生产者,

Abstract:

Based on the materials from observation and semi-structured interviews, this article investigates the production of “home” and power negotiations among different actors in guesthouses in Shangliang Village of Huizhou in Guangdong. The research indicates: 1)The production of “home” in guesthouses is the conducted through power negotiations among local authority, tourism enterprises, village committee and villagers. The different understandings of the “home” by the government, enterprises and villagers lead to different production logics. This is the direct cause of the power negotiations in the production of the “home” in the guesthouses. 2)The lack of material and spirit in villagers of “temporary home” promotes the making of commercial home, highlighting the contradictions and conflicts between “Ideality and Reality”, and between “Heritage and Commerce”. 3)The remaking and power negotiations of “home” are illustrated among different actors through four aspects including material landscape, emotional significance, boundary meaning and social relationship. This article attempts to supplement the theories of “home” geography through the current case on the perspective of the producer. At the same time, it also offers practical solutions for the rural guesthouse management.

Key words: commercial home, rural tourism, guesthouses, producer, home

中图分类号: 

  • F590